Sherman Adams

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Sherman Adams
GLSAAdams.jpg
67th Governor of New Hampshire
In office
January 6, 1949 – January 1, 1953
Preceded by Charles M. Dale
Succeeded by Hugh Gregg
2nd White House Chief of Staff
In office
January 20, 1953 – October 7, 1958
President Dwight D. Eisenhower
Preceded by John R. Steelman
Succeeded by Wilton Persons
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from New Hampshire's 2nd district
In office
January 3, 1945 – January 3, 1947
Preceded by Foster Waterman Stearns
Succeeded by Norris H. Cotton
Personal details
Born Llewelyn Sherman Adams
(1899-01-08)January 8, 1899
Windham County, Vermont
Died October 27, 1986(1986-10-27) (aged 87)
Hanover, New Hampshire
Political party Republican
Spouse(s) Rachel Leona White

Llewelyn Sherman Adams (January 8, 1899 – October 27, 1986) was an American politician, best known as White House Chief of Staff for President Dwight D. Eisenhower, the culmination of an 18-year political career that also included a stint as Governor of New Hampshire. He lost his White House position in a scandal over a vicuña fur coat.

Early life[edit]

Born in East Dover, Vermont, Adams was educated in Providence, Rhode Island public schools, graduating from Hope High School. He received an undergraduate degree from Dartmouth College (1920), having taken time off briefly for a six-month World War I stint in the United States Marine Corps. While at Dartmouth, Adams was a member of the New Hampshire Alpha chapter of the Sigma Alpha Epsilon Fraternity.[1] He then went into the lumber business, first in Headville, Vermont (1921), then to a combined lumber and paper business in Lincoln, New Hampshire. He also was involved in banking.

Political beginnings[edit]

Adams entered state politics as a Republican legislator (1941–44; Speaker of the House, 1944). He served a term in the United States House of Representatives (1945–47), making a failed effort to capture the 1946 Republican gubernatorial nomination in New Hampshire. He lost to incumbent Charles M. Dale. Sherman Adams won the governorship two years later, in 1948.

New Hampshire governorship[edit]

When Adams took office as governor, New Hampshire was suffering post-war recession. He called for frugality and thrift in both personal and state expenditures. Retirees were (and are) a significant part of New Hampshire's population; Adams called for increased state aid for the aged, and for legislation which would enable the state's seniors to qualify for Federal Old Age & Survivors Insurance. In 1950 he formed a Reorganization Committee to recommend changes in state operations, and he called for the legislature to act on the recommendations.

Adams's clipped New Hampshire twang and calls for frugality made him a virtual poster boy for Republican balanced budget values of the time. He served as chairman of the U.S. Conference of Governors (1951–52), and was then asked to be White House Chief of Staff for the new Republican president, Dwight D. Eisenhower. He was the first person in this position to enjoy the explicit title of "Chief of Staff."

White House Chief of Staff[edit]

Adams took his role as Chief of Staff very seriously; with the exception of Cabinet members and certain NSC advisors, all requests for access to Eisenhower had to go through his office. This alienated traditional Republican Party loyalists. Adams was one of the most powerful men in Washington D.C. during the six years he served as Chief of Staff to President Eisenhower. Because of Eisenhower's highly formalized staff structure, it appeared to many that he had virtual control over White House staff operations and domestic policy (a 1956 article in Time entitled "OK, S.A." advanced this perception). The extent of internal strife between strong willed personalities was chronicled in his 1961 memoir "First Hand Report". Among the heated conflicts within the Eisenhower administration were the best method to handle flamboyant personalities such as U.S. Senator Joseph McCarthy and anti-Communist crusader Whittaker Chambers. Adams was a frequent broker of such controversies. When Adams resigned in 1958, and Secretary of State John Foster Dulles departed the next year, the administration went into a two-year period that lacked direction. Author and movie critic Michael Medved wrote a book on Presidential aides called The Shadow Presidents. He mentioned Adams was probably the most powerful Presidential Chief of Staff in history. He told of a joke that circulated around Washington in the 1950s. Two Democrats were talking and one said "Wouldn't it be terrible if Eisenhower died and Nixon became President?" The other replied "Wouldn't it be terrible if Sherman Adams died and Eisenhower became President!"

He had a reputation for negativity, endorsing many submissions with a simple "No". This caused him to become known as "The Abominable No Man."

Overcoat scandal[edit]

Adams was pressured to resign in 1958, when a House subcommittee revealed Adams had accepted an expensive vicuña overcoat and oriental rug[2] from Bernard Goldfine, a Boston textile manufacturer who was being investigated for Federal Trade Commission violations. Goldfine, who had business with the federal government, was cited for contempt of Congress when he refused to answer questions regarding his relationship with Adams.[3] The story was first reported to the public by muckraking journalist Jack Anderson.

Then Vice President Richard Nixon stated that he was assigned the onerous responsibility of telling Adams that he had to resign. He regretted the necessity, as Adams' career in politics ended and he went off "to operate a ski lodge" without any judicial findings. In the Nixon Interviews, Nixon argued that he was unable to fire the White House staffers involved in the Watergate scandal, much as President Eisenhower was unable to directly fire Adams.[4] However, according to Time's September 29, 1958, article on Adams, the job of firing Adams actually fell to Meade Alcorn, not Nixon.[5]

Post-political life[edit]

Adams returned to Lincoln, New Hampshire where he started Loon Mountain Corporation, today a major ski resort. He was a member of the Society of Colonial Wars and the Sons of the American Revolution.

He died in 1986. His remains are buried at Riverside Cemetery, also in Lincoln.[2]

Family[edit]

Adams was married to Rachel White in 1923. They had one son, Samuel, and three daughters, Jean, Sarah, and Marion.[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Dartmouth College Aegis. Hanover, NH: Dartmouth College. 1920. p. 237. 
  2. ^ a b c Sherman Adams
  3. ^ "Ernest Partridge's Blogs Archive". September 30, 2004. 
    "SHERMAN "THE ICEBERG" ADAMS – TYPED LETTER SIGNED 10/08/1956 – DOCUMENT 26624". 
  4. ^ Interview with David Frost included with the 2008 DVD re-release of the original 1977 Nixon interviews
  5. ^ "THE ADMINISTRATION: Exit Adams". Time Magazine. September 29, 1958. Retrieved September 11, 2012. 

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Charles M. Dale
Governor of New Hampshire
1949–1953
Succeeded by
Hugh Gregg
Preceded by
Charles H. Barnard
Speaker of the New Hampshire House of Representatives
1943–1945
Succeeded by
Norris Cotton
Preceded by
John R. Steelman
White House Chief of Staff
Served under: Dwight D. Eisenhower

1953–1958
Succeeded by
Wilton Persons
United States House of Representatives
Preceded by
Foster Waterman Stearns
U.S. Representative for the 2nd District of New Hampshire
1945–1947
Succeeded by
Norris H. Cotton