Shermanbury

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Shermanbury
Shermanbury avenue to church.JPG
The avenue of trees leading to the church
Shermanbury is located in West Sussex
Shermanbury
Shermanbury
 Shermanbury shown within West Sussex
Area  7.75 km2 (2.99 sq mi) [1]
Population 454 [1] 2001 Census
   – density  59/km2 (150/sq mi)
OS grid reference TQ205192
   – London  38 miles (61 km) N 
Civil parish Shermanbury
District Horsham
Shire county West Sussex
Region South East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town HORSHAM
Postcode district RH13
Dialling code 01403
Police Sussex
Fire West Sussex
Ambulance South East Coast
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament Arundel and South Downs
List of places
UK
England
West Sussex

Coordinates: 50°57′35″N 0°17′08″W / 50.95981°N 0.28559°W / 50.95981; -0.28559

Shermanbury is a village and civil parish in the Horsham District of West Sussex, England. It lies on the A281 road 3.2 km (2.0 mi) north of Henfield. The present day village consists mainly of a ribbon development of bungalows on the east side of the A281, while the ancient parish church is some distance to the east by Shermanbury Place. Between these is Ewhurst Manor, a modern house on an old moated site with a stone gatehouse and nearby artificial lake and farmstead.

The eastern River Adur flows through Shermanbury, where it is met by the Cowfold Stream. The Normal Tidal Limit is at the footbridge near the church although a weir further downstream means only the highest tides reach this far. Boats could reach Mock Bridge (where the A281 crosses the river) until the early 1800s.

The parish has a land area of 775 hectares (1,915 acres). In the 2001 census 454 people lived in 182 households of whom 253 were economically active.

History[edit]

In the Domesday Book, compiled in 1087, the manor of Shermanbury, then called Salmonesberie is held by Ralph from William de Braose, having been formerly held by Azor from King Harold. There are two ploughs, one belonging to the lord and one shared by one villager and three smallholders. There is a small church and four slaves. There are three other manors in Shermanbury parish, Woolfly, also held by Ralph, and Morley and Sakeham held by William son of Ranulph.[2] The parishes of Shermanbury and Cowfold comprised the Saxon hundred of Hamfelt, and was on the eastern boundary of the Norman Rape of Bramber.[3]

The parish church[edit]

Shermanbury churchyard.JPG

The Anglican church of St. Giles is well away from the modern roads, approached along a tree-lined bridleway leading to Shermanbury Place, east of the Brighton road. A small church is mentioned in the Domesday Book, but the present structure is of 14th-century origin. The roof is of Horsham stone slates with a weatherboarded belltower at the west end, containing two bells. The door and stone roofed porch are at the west end. Inside 18th century pews have the names of houses to which they were allocated painted on the backs.[4][5][6]

Shermanbury Place[edit]

The Tudor predecessor of Shermanbury Place

Shermanbury Place, adjacent to the church in Shermambury Park, is a mansion built by John Challen in 1779 on the site of a 16th-century Tudor house with projecting crosswings. The Tudor house was built by one of the Comber family. Sir Richard Comber was Clarenceaux King of Arms. His son Doctor Thomas Comber was prominent in the Church of England. Educated at Trinity College, Cambridge he rose to become master of the college, and later vice-chancellor of the university. As the king's chaplain he was staunchly royalist and was imprisoned by parliament for attempting to give the university treasures to the king.[3]

Ewhurst Manor[edit]

Ewhurst Manor gatehouse

The moated manor house was built by Thomas Peverel during the reign of Edward I. Only the early 14th century gatehouse, with a porters lodge attached survives. A room over the gateway has a cross shaped loop window. Ewhurst manor occupied the western third of Shermanbury parish. The existence of a deer park at Ewhurst was recorded in 1274, during the 14th century, and in 1538.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "2001 Census: West Sussex – Population by Parish" (PDF). West Sussex County Council. Retrieved 12 April 2009. 
  2. ^ "Doomsday Entry for Shermanbury parish - 4 manors". Adur.org.uk. Retrieved 13 December 2014. 
  3. ^ a b "From History Of Sussex 2 by Horsefield 1835". Adur.org.uk. Retrieved 13 December 2014. 
  4. ^ "Churches in Sussex : Shermanbury". Sussexchurches.co.uk. Retrieved 13 December 2014. 
  5. ^ "St Giles Church, Shermanbury, West Sussex - An ancient Saxon church above the River Adur". Sussexchurches.co.uk. Retrieved 13 December 2014. 
  6. ^ a b "Shermanbury: Church". British-history.ac.uk. Retrieved 13 December 2014.