Shevah Mofet (Hebrew: שבח מופת; also Shevach Moffet) is a high school on HaMasger Street in Tel Aviv, Israel. It was established in 1946 as a vocational school. Since the 1990s, new programs were inaugurated to meet the needs of the Russian immigrant population in Israel.
The school was originally called Shevah, named after a British World War II pilot, who was the uncle of one of the founders of the school. Founded in 1945, it was the second Hebrew high school in Tel Aviv, after Gymnasia Herzliya. It was founded on the ruins of a Templer colony called Mountain of Hope.
Shevah was initially a vocational school teaching trades such as cabinet making, electricity, mechanics and sheet metal works. As the demand for such schools declined, it became an academic high school.
In the 1990s, with the onset of mass immigration from the former Soviet Union, Shevah introduced a new educational approach to help Russian youngsters from falling behind due to the language barrier. Intensive Hebrew language classes were organized based on proficiency in Hebrew rather than age, and a program for parents was developed that included Hebrew language studies, Jewish history and culture.
In the 1990s, Yakov Mazganov, a Russian professor employed as a security guard at the school, founded Mofet, a night school for Russian immigrants that operated in the Shevah building after school hours. In turn, this attracted more Russian Ph.D.s and former professors to teach, as they couldn't find a job anywhere else, due to their lack of Hebrew knowledge. Eventually a decision was made to merge Shevah and Mofet and the Russian teachers started teaching in the regular school, which became known as Shevah-Mofet. While classes at the night school often went on in Russian, all classes in the day school were taught exclusively in Hebrew. Mofet is an acronym containing the words Mathematics and Physics, but also means excellence.
This gave the school a reputation of being one of the best, but also discouraged attendance from many non-Russian students, who did not want to be part of a Russian-speaking high school in Hebrew-speaking Israel. The school was nicknamed 'Little Russia' by many.
In 1995, the southern Tel Aviv school's team made a sensation by winning the first place on the team competition in Mathematics, hosted by Technion. Later, A Shevah student won a silver medal at an international junior software engineering olympics in Zagreb, Croatia on August 21, 2007, several students won medals on the International Mathematical Olympiad including the gold medal by Lev Buhovsky in 1996 and several silver and bronze medals on the Asian and the International Physics Olympiads.
The bombing created an international outrage, but also caused many worldwide to donate money to Shevah Mofet. This helped improve the financial situation of the school and create a new library and cafeteria.
In November 2002, it was discovered that the school cafeteria served expired, or otherwise bad food products. It created a citywide scandal, where the media (newspapers such as Yedioth Ahronoth and Maariv) was involved, as well as the health ministry. Despite this, the cafeteria was still operating and employing the same workers in a repeat check-up in August 2003.
For many years, Shevah Mofet was a 6-year school organized into a junior-high school (grades 7-9), and a secondary school (grades 10-12). In 2007-08 however, a new organization was introduced, and the school was split into 3 two-grade sub-sections.
The secondary school has five departments, each focusing on a specific subject. In order of introduction, they are: Science and computers, business administration, robotics, electronics, and humanities. Each department except business administration has two classes, for a total of 9 classes per year.
- Tel Aviv municipality http://tel-aviv.millenium.org.il/NR/exeres/747CE319-2E55-49F6-9DED-1B9C50FF0476,frameless.htm
- Mandel Foundation (2008). Dialogue from the Heart of Confusion: Intercultural Encounter at the Shevach-Moffet School (prologue). Israel: Keter Books. ISBN 978-965-07-1603-5. (Hebrew)
- "Accomplishments for Israelis in Software Engineering Olympics" (in Hebrew). 2008-08-22. Retrieved 2008-04-06.
- Tel-Aviv suicide bombing at the Dolphin disco June 1, 2001
- Zlikovich, Moran (2004-10-31). "Cafeterias in Tel Aviv Schools - Cockroaches, Poisoning and Filth". Ynet. Retrieved 2008-04-06. (Hebrew)
- The official website (Hebrew)
- Archive copy at the Wayback Machine Dolphinarium massacre memorial website