Shevchenko National Prize
|Shevchenko National Prize|
|Awarded for||...the most remarkable works of literature and arts, publicity and journalism...|
|Country||Ukrainian SSR / Ukraine|
|Presented by||Government of Ukrainian SSR / President of Ukraine|
|First awarded||1961 / 1992|
Shevchenko National Prize (Ukrainian: Націона́льна пре́мія Украї́ни і́мені Тараса́ Шевче́нка; also Shevchenko Award) is the highest state prize of Ukraine for works of culture and arts awarded since 1961. It is named after the inspirator of Ukrainian national revival Taras Shevchenko.
It is one of the five state prizes of Ukraine that are awarded for achievements in various fields.
The Shevchenko Republican Prize was established on May 20, 1961 by the Declaration of Ministry Council of Ukrainian SSR. It was awarded to the prominent performers of literature, arts, music, theater, cinematography, architecture, and others.
Since April 23, 1969 the award was renamed into the Shevchenko State Prize of Ukrainian SSR. By the order of the President of Ukraine #800/2000 on June 22, 2000 the award became to be known as the Shevchenko National Prize.
From 1962 to 2007 the award was given to 566 people and eight collective ensembles.
Statute of the Award
The National Prize is awarded annually by the order of the President of Ukraine. There are up to five prizes in the following nominations:
- Literature (fiction or artistic literature)
- Literature (non-fiction or documentary and scientifically critical literature)
- Journalism and opinion journalism
- Performing Arts (theatrical, musical, others)
- Other Arts (folk and visual)
A special committee is elected to organize a concourse in three stages. Once decided the names of the candidates are forwarded to the State Committee of Awards and Heraldry that petitions them to the President.
The Awarded are paid by the Committee of amount size of which is identified annually by the President. The monetary award of the Prize for 2009 was ₴160,000 for each prize. For comparison, in 2008 the Prize money amounted to ₴130,000 which was equivalent to $25,000+. The first award in 1962 was given along with 2,500 Soviet rubles. The monetary award of the Prize in 2010 was confirmed at ₴130,000 which by 40,000 less than the last year (implying that it was ₴170,000). The Party of Regions spokesperson Hanna Herman commented that the funds were awarded only that one that were already on the Shevchenko's Fund. Shevchenko lived modestly, lived in need, and to buy him out of serfdom the Russian Intelligentsia collected 2,500 rubles - she added.
The works that seek the National Prize are presented by the Ministry of culture and tourism of Ukraine, the Ukrainian National Academy of Science, the Ukrainian Academy of Arts, the Ukrainian artistic unions, and the Ukrainian literally and artistically critical associations. It may be awarded to the citizens of Ukraine as well as with a foreign or no citizenship.
The literary and artistic works that reached the third stage can be nominated for the second time, but no more than two times. The special committee accepts all the works for the National Prize starting the following year from August 1 to November 1 of the current year.
The collective authors of a presented work cannot exceed three persons, no more than five for collective of performers. The participants that performed any administrative, organizational, or counseling functions cannot be included among the laureates.
The National Prize is awarded to an author or a performer only once in the lifetime.
Field of cinematography
During its history the prizes was awarded also for featured films until introduction of the Dovzhenko State Prize in 1994.
- 1967 for film "Viper" to Viktor Ivchenko (film director)
- 1971 for film "Family of Kotsyubynsky" to Tymofiy Levchuk (as film director), Oleksandr Levada (as script writer), Oleksandr Hai (as featured actor)
- 1973 for documentary "Soviet Ukraine" to Alexander Kosinov (film director), Ihor Pysanko (camera), Mykhailo Tkach (script writer)
- 1975 for featured film "To the last minute" to Valeriy Isakov (director), Vladimir Belyayev (script writer), Vladislav Dvorzhetsky (featured actor), Valeria Zaklunnaya (featured actress)
- 1977 for films "Only «Old Men» Are Going to Battle" and "Aty-Baty, soldiers chanted" to Leonid Bykov (actor)
- 1978 for documentary cinema-trilogy "Soviet Ukraine. Years of struggle and victories." to Ihor Hrabovsky (script writer and director), Volodymyr Shevchenko (director), Ihor Malyshevsky (script and diction texts writer)
- 1979 for film "Reapers" to Volodymyr Denysenko (film director)
- 1980 for the publicistic television documentary "Revival" by the book of the reigning country leader Leonid Brezhnev to script authors Albert Putintsev and Volodymyr Barsuk, cinematographers Oleksandr Buzylevych and Viktor Kushch, anchorman Vyacheslav Tikhonov
- 1982 for film The Gadfly to Mykola Mashchenko (as film director), Sergei Bondarchuk (for role of the cardinal Montanelli), Andrei Kharitonov (as the leading actor)
- 1985 for film "Troubled skies of Spain" to Arnoldo Ibañez-Fernandez (film director), Volodymyr Kukorenchuk (cinematographer), Boris Dobrodeyev and Nikolai Shishlin (script authors)
- 1986 for films "The night is short", "How young we were" to Mykhailo Belikov (director and script writer), Oleksiy Levchenko (artistic director), Vasyl Trushkovsky (camera)
- 1986 for documentaries "Army commanders of industry", "Commanding corps", "Strategy of science" to Anton Komarnytsky and Ihor Sabeknykov (script writers), Valentyn Sperkach (film director), Yuri Stakhovsky (cinema), Ihor Poklad (composer)
- 1987 for film "Star of Vavilov" to Anatoliy Borsyuk (film director), Serhiy Dyachenko (script writer), Oleksandr Frolov (camera)
- 1988 for cartoon series "about the Zaporizhian Cossacks" to Anatoliy Havrylov (cinematography), Volodymyr Dakhno (film director), Eduard Kirych (character artist)
- 1988 for numerous roles in several films to Ivan Mykolaichuk (actor, posthumously)
- 1989 for cinema-trilogy "Chornobyl: two colors of time" to Ihor Kobryn (film director), Yuri Bordakov (camera), Leonid Muzhuk and Khem Salhanyk (script writers)
- 1991 for film Shadows of Forgotten Ancestors (1964) to Sergei Parajanov (film director, posthumously), Yuri Ilienko (camera), Larysa Kadochnykova (actress), Heorhiy Yakutovych (artist)
- 1991 for documentaries "Open yourself", "Taras", "In front of an icon" to Rolan Serhiyenko (film director), Volodymyr Kostenko (posthumously) and Mykola Shudrya (script writers), Oleksandr Koval (camera)
Before introduction of the State Prize of Ukraine in Architecture in 1991, the Schevchenko National Prize was awarded for architecture as well:
- 1971 for Palace "Ukraine" (Kiev) to Yevhenia Marynchenko and Petro Zhylytsky
- 1972 for monument "Battle of Glory of the Soviet forces" (Lviv) to Myron Vendzilovych (architect), Dmytro Krvavych (sculptor), Yaroslav Motyka (sculptor), Oleksandr Pirozhkov (artist-monumentalist)
- 1973 for monument "Ukraine for liberators" (Luhansk Oblast) to Heorhiy Holovchenko (architect), Ivan Minko (architect), Anatoliy Yehorov (architect), Ivan Chumak (sculptor), Vasyl Fedchenko (sculptor), Viktor Mukhin (sculptor), Ilya Ovcharenko (sculptor)
- 1974 for monument of Lesya Ukrainka (Kiev) to Anatoliy Ihnashchenko (architect) and Halyna Kalchenko (sculptor)
- 1975 for sculpture portraits of his contemporaries (Korotchenko, Rylsky, Filatov) to Oleksandr Kovaliov
- 1977 for monument commemorating the declaration of the Soviet government in Ukraine (Kharkiv) to Ihor Alfyorov (architect), Anatoliy Maksymenko (architect), Mykhailo Ovsyakin (architect), Serhiy Svetlorusov (architect), Eryk Cherkasov (architect), Vasyl Ahibalov (sculptor), Yakov Ryk (sculptor)
- 1978 for creation of the Crimea Oblast Music and Drama Theater (Simferopol) to Saniya Afzametdinova (architect), Ernest Bykov (architect), Vitaliy Yudin (architect)
- 1978 for monument to the soldiers of the 1st Cavalry Army (Lviv Oblast) to Valentyn Borysenko (sculptor)
- 1979 for Complex of the Dnipropetrovsk Historical Museum in the name of D.Yavornytsky (Dnipropetrovsk) to Volodymyr Zuyev (architect and author of the complex reconstruction), Ahrypina Vatchenko (architect), Mykola But (diorama author Battle for Dnieper), Volodymyr Korotkov (museum interior author), Mykola Oviechkin (diorama author Battle for Dnieper), Vitaliy Prokuda (diorama scientific concept author Battle for Dnieper), Volodymyr Ryvin (museum interior author)
- 1980 for Silvery residential quarters (Lviv) to Yaroslav Kornilyev (engineer-constructor), Liudmila Nivina (architect), Zinoviy Podlesny (architect), Serhiy Zemyankin (architect)
- 1981 for Museum of shipbuilding and fleet (Mykolaiv) to Eduard Shorin (project director), Tamara Huselnykova (architect-restaurateur), Viktor Ivanov (engineer-constructor), Leonid Keranchuk (builder), Mykhailo Oziorny (artist), Viktor Semerniov (artist), Yuri Steshyn (artist), Liudmila Khlopinska (scientific consultant), Halyna Cherednychenko (scientific consultant)
- 1981 for Sumy Theater of Drama and Music Comedy in the name of M.Shchepkin (Sumy) to Stepan Slipets (director), Mykhailo Lushpa (architect), Iryna Petrova (engineer-constructor), Andriy Chornodid (architect)
- 1982 for creation of Music and Drama Theater in the name of Ivan Franko using the folklore motives (Ivano-Frankivsk) to Leonid Sandler (architect), Dmytro Sosnovy (architect), Vasyl Vilshuk (sculptor), Vasyl Lukashko (carver), Anton Ovchar (red-tree carpenter), Volodymyr Shevchuk (artist)
- 1983 for building and improvement of the city of Verkhnodniprovsk (Dnipropetrovsk Oblast) to Anatoliy Antonov (architect), Mykhailo Butenko (ground director), Mykola Lutsenko (architect), Oleksandr Moliverov (architect), Anatoliy Pidvezko (architect), Heorhiy Ratushny (architect), (Vasyl Streltsov) (ground director)
- 1983 for restoration of Mariyinsky Palace (Kiev) to Anatoliy Yavorsky (engineer, director of creative collective), Vadym Hlybchenko (technical architect), Iryna Ivanenko (critic), Yevhen Kulikov (sculptor), Lev Novikov (architect), Arkady Khabinsky (engineer), Vitaly Shkliar (architect)
- 1983 for high relief "In a family of one" to Vasyl Svida
- 1984 for hotel complex "Hradetsky" (Chernihiv) to Valentyn Shtolko (architect, group leader), Alla Hrachiova (architect), Oleksandr Kabatsky (architect), Ihor Liubenko (architect), Volodymyr Ralchenko (architect), Volodymyr Sloboda (engineer-constructor)
- 1985 for architecture and artistic design of the Kiev affiliation of Central Lenin museum (Kiev) to Valery Barulenkov (civil engineer), Anatoliy Haydamaka (artist), Vadym Hopkalo (architect), Vadym Hrechyna (architect), Volodymyr Kolomiyets (architect), Vitaliy Miahkov (artist), Leonid Filenko (architect)
- 1985 for monument to the heroes of the Horlivka military uprising of 1905 (Donetsk Oblast) to Yevhen Horban (sculptor)
- 1985 for complex of the Republican Scientifically Methodical Center of mother and child health protection to Dmytro Popenko (architect, group director), Leonid Los (architect), Iryna Pukhova (engineer-constructor)
- 1986 for architecture in the village of Vuzlove (Lviv Oblast) to Ivan-Volodymyr Karpliuk (builder), Viktor Marchenko (architect), Ivan Oksentiuk (architect), Yosyp Parubochy (agronomist-landscaper), Vasyl Skuratovsky (architect), Andriy Shuliar (architect)
- 1987 for regional museum (Cherkasy) to Oleksiy Dubovy (science consultant), Oleksandra Stetsenko (design engineer), Leonid Kondratsky, Mykola Sobchuk, Serhiy Fursenko (architects)
- 1989 for creation of the Historical-Cultural Preservation in Pereyaslav-Khmelnytsky (Kiev Oblast) to Mykhailo Sikorsky
- Shota Rustaveli State Prize — similar prize of Georgia.
- Order of Saint Nestor the Chronicler
- Cross of Ivan Mazepa
- List of things named after Taras Shevchenko
- Shevchenko's Laureates. 1962—2001: Encyclopedic handbook / Editor Mykola Labinsky. — Kiev: Krynytsia, 2001. — 696 p. (Appendix — 12 p.).
- Shevchenko's Laureates. 1962—2007: Encyclopedic handbook / Editor Mykola Labinsky. — 2nd edition. — Kiev: Krynytsia, 2007. — 768 p.
- Donets, H.P. Shevchenko State prizes of the Ukrainian SSR // Shevchenko dictionary. Volume 1 / Shevchenko Institute of Literature of the Academy of Sciences of the Ukrainian SSR. — Кiev: Ukrainian Soviet Encyclopedia, 1978. — P. 188.
- Shevchenko's award or Shevchenko National Prize of Ukraine // Encyclopedia of Literary Studies / Editor Yuriy Kovaliv. — Volume 2. — Кiev: Akademiya, 2007. — P. 583—584.
- Poroshenko hand out the Shevchenko prizes. Photo. Ukrinform. 7 November 2014
- Presidential Order of March 2, 2009 (Ukrainian)
- UNIAN March 9, 2010 (Ukrainian)
- Shevchenko National Prize
- Website of Committee for Shevchenko National Prize
- People’s Shevchenko Prize