Shevington

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Coordinates: 53°34′20″N 2°41′27″W / 53.5722°N 2.6909°W / 53.5722; -2.6909

Shevington
Shevington is located in Greater Manchester
Shevington
Shevington
 Shevington shown within Greater Manchester
Population 10,000 [1]
OS grid reference SD542086
Metropolitan borough Wigan
Metropolitan county Greater Manchester
Region North West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town WIGAN
Postcode district WN6
Dialling code 01257
Police Greater Manchester
Fire Greater Manchester
Ambulance North West
EU Parliament North West England
UK Parliament Wigan
List of places
UK
England
Greater Manchester

Shevington is a village and civil parish within the Metropolitan Borough of Wigan, in Greater Manchester, England.[2]

Lying within the historic county boundaries of Lancashire, Shevington lies approximately 3 miles (4.8 km) from Wigan town centre and at the 2001 census had a population of 9,786.[3]

History[edit]

Toponymy[edit]

Shevington, a farmstead near a hill called shevin, derives from the Celtic cevn meaning a ridge and the Old English tun, a farmstead. It is a hill slope settlement in the Douglas Valley recorded in documents in 1225 as Shefington.[4] Other recorded spellings include Scheuynton in 1253, Sheuington in 1277, Sewinton 1288 and Sheuynton in 1292.[5]

History[edit]

Shevington became a manor, an estate system of local government held of the king by a Lord of the Manor from the 12th to the 18th centuries. The area was included within the ecclesiastical parish of Standish until 1887 when it was granted separate status with the consecration of St Anne's Church.

From earliest times the area had a sparse and scattered population eking out a living from the common and wood and farmlands owned by the church including Burscough Priory, Cockersand Abbey and the Knights Hospitallers until the Dissolution of the Monasteries from 1536 and that of the local gentry included Sir Adam Banastre, Lord of the Manor in 1288 and the Standish, Catterall, Stanley, Rigby, Hulton, Dicconson and Hesketh families - the last being the last Lord of the Manor in 1798.[5]

In Tudor times only a handful of families existed, possibly as few as 30, the population reached 335 by 1764, and the first official census in 1801 recorded 646. The 1851 census 1,147, 1,753 in 1,901, reaching 3,057 by 1951 and 8,001 in 1971.

By the 18th century most of the common land had been enclosed forming landed estates and tenant farms where mixed farming was practised. Corn was ground into flour at local water mills - Finch Mill on the Calico Brook and Standish Mill on Mill Brook and skills associated with agriculture developed - smithies, wheelwrights and so on. Handloom weaving and basket making were also undertaken together with primitive coal mining in the Elnup Woods area.

Demand for coal mining during the Industrial Revolution led to an intensification of mining with coal from many local pits transported via the River Douglas at Gathurst when the river was made navigable in 1742 but replaced from the 1780s by the Leeds and Liverpool Canal when much of the coal was loaded on to barges at Crooke. Past industries have included a glue factory and brick and tile works in Appley Bridge and the Roburite Explosives Works (now Orica) at Gathurst from 1941/42 which employed over 500 workers during World War II, but was first established south of the River Douglas in 1888.

Shevington's scattered communities became more cohesive with the development of the village school from 1814, residential development from the 1850s the original Plough & Harrow public house, post office and shops near or in the long-recognised centre of the village at Broad o' th' Lane.

Governance[edit]

Anciently Shevington lay in the hundred of Leyland in Lancashire, it was a township in the parish of Standish and in 1837 became part of the Poor Law Union of Wigan.[6][7] In 1894 under the Local Government Act the village achieved the status of a parish council which included Shevington Vale, part of Appley Bridge, Shevington Moor and Crooke within its ancient boundaries defined by the Calico Brook, Almond Brook, Mill Brook and the River Douglas. Since local government reforms which took place in 1974, Shevington has formed part of the Metropolitan Borough of Wigan of Greater Manchester, having previously been part of the administrative county of Lancashire.

Following the local elections in May 2012, Shevington now has three Labour District Councillors. This is the first time since 2006 that Labour has held all three seats.

The village currently has a parish council, which receives a precept from the Council Tax.[8][9]

Geography[edit]

Shevington is built on sloping land between Standish and Wigan to the north-east of the River Douglas. Its area is 1,708 acres (6.91 km2). The underlying rocks are coal measures. The Leeds and Liverpool Canal runs parallel to the River Douglas.[6] Shevington is located close to Junction 27 of the M6 motorway and is bordered by the villages of Appley Bridge and Standish, but also has close links to the villages of Wrightington and Standish Lower Ground.

Today there is little evidence of past industrial activity though there has been a marked increase in residential development between the 1950s and 1980s attracted by Shevington's pleasant rural setting, still surrounded by much open land and ancient woods. Further residential development, on the former Orica site to the south of the village, is currently underway with an expected completion date of late 2012. The 2001 census recorded a population of 11,725 in the Shevington with Lower Ground ward.

Education[edit]

Shevington High School is a Specialist Technology College.[10] There are four primary schools located in and around the village; Millbrook Primary School, St. Bernadette's Roman Catholic Primary School, Shevington Vale Primary School and Shevington Community Primary School. Unusually, the primary school associated with St. Anne's Church in Shevington is located in the neighbouring village of Standish Lower Ground.[11]

Transport[edit]

Shevington has good communications via the M6 motorway which progressed through the parish in 1963 and the Manchester to Southport Line railway, with stations at Gathurst and Appley Bridge which first opened in the 1850s. From these stations there are direct rail links to both Southport and Manchester, as well as connections at Wigan to the West Coast Main Line.

Religion[edit]

There are three churches and two vicarages located in Shevington, the oldest being St. Anne's Church.[12] There is also Shevington Methodist Church and St. Bernadette's Roman Catholic Church.[13] All three churches provide worship for Christians and social and community activities for the whole village.

Amenities[edit]

The Shevington community consists of a mixture of private and council housing, predominantly centred around two rows of shops in the centre of the village. Shevington has two pharmacies, two newsagents, a post office, a small supermarket, two bakers' shops, a carpet shop, a fish and chip shop, an estate agent, two hairdressers, a hardware store, three takeaways, a Conservative club and a public house. There is also a clinic, a doctors' surgery and a library.

Shevington also has a public park, containing a war memorial to those lost during the 20th century's both world wars.

Sport[edit]

Shevington has an amateur rugby league club called Shevington Sharks who play in the North West Counties League. Home games are played at St. John Rigby College.[14] The Shevington football club plays its matches on the recreation ground behind the Methodist church. Gathurst Golf Club is also located in the village.

References[edit]

Notes

  1. ^ Wigan Core Strategy 2013, Wigan Council, 30 Sep 2013, retrieved 12 February 2014 
  2. ^ Greater Manchester Gazetteer, Greater Manchester County Record Office, Places names - S, archived from the original on 18 July 2011, retrieved 26 September 2007 
  3. ^ Census 2001
  4. ^ Mills 1998, p. 310
  5. ^ a b Farrer, William; Brownbill, J, eds. (1911), "Shevington", A History of the County of Lancaster: Volume 6 (British History Online): 199–203, retrieved 30 March 2010 
  6. ^ a b Lewis, Samuel (1848), "Shevington", A Topographical Dictionary of England (British History Online): 74–80, retrieved 29 March 2010 
  7. ^ Wigan Workhouse, workhouses.org, retrieved 30 March 2010 
  8. ^ Shevington Parish Council, Shevington Parish Council, retrieved 30 March 2010 
  9. ^ http://www.wigan.gov.uk/NR/rdonlyres/...6605.../13Communitygovernance.pdf
  10. ^ Shevington High School, Wigan Schools, retrieved 30 March 2010 
  11. ^ St Anne's School, Wigan Schools, retrieved 30 March 2010 
  12. ^ Shevington St Anne, Shevington St Anne, retrieved 30 March 2010 
  13. ^ St Bernadette's Church, St Bernadette's Church, retrieved 30 March 2010 
  14. ^ Shevington Sharks, Shevington Sharks, retrieved 30 March 2010 

Bibliography

  • Mills, A.D. (1998), Dictionary of English Place-Names, Oxford, ISBN 0-19-280074-4 

External links[edit]

Media related to Shevington at Wikimedia Commons