Shia view of the Quran

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
This is a sub-article to Shī‘a Islam and the Qur'an

The Shī‘ah view of the Qur'an has some differences from the Sunni view, but the text of the Qur'an is exactly identical. While there is a belief that the Shī‘ah disputed the canonical validity of the Uthmanic codex,[1] there are studies that show the Shī‘ah Imams always rejected the idea of alteration of Qur'an's text.[2] Since 10th AD century, only a total of seven Shī‘ah scholars believed in omissions in the Uthmanic codex.[2]

History[edit]

The Shī‘ah use the same Qur'an as Sunni Muslims, however they do not believe that it was first compiled by Uthman ibn Affan.[3] The Shī‘ah believe that the Qur'an was gathered and compiled by Muhammad during his lifetime.[4][5][6] This completed version of the Qur'an was kept next to the pulpit of Muhammad within the Mosque of Madinah, where scholars would come to transcribe more copies.[3]

Tafsīr[edit]

The Shī‘ah tafsīr on several verses are different from the traditional Sunni view either through a totally different interpretation or by giving the same interpretation, but giving that interpretation a larger impact on their jurisprudence.

33:33[edit]

Hadith of The Cloak

4:24[edit]

4:24, or an-Nisa, 24, also called as "the verse of Mut‘ah", is the Qur'anic verse that some Shī'ites use to prove the legality of temporary marriages (Arabic: Nikah Mut'ah‎).

5:55[edit]

wali

Misconceptions[edit]

Main article: Views on Shi'a Islam

There are some common misconceptions and accusations about the Shī‘ah.

While Sunnis and the Shī‘ah accept the same text of the Qur'an, some claim that Shī‘ah dispute the current version: i.e. that they add two additional sūratayn, an-Nūrayn and al-Wilāya.[7]

This accusation of tahrīf "tampering" is antithetical to scholars and is considered polemical.[8][9] The above sūratayn are considered forgeries and do not appear in published Qur'ans. Shī‘ah Muslims consider the accusation that they are using a different Qur'an as one of the misconceptions about the Shi'a. The Shī‘ah recite the Qur'an according to the Qira’t of Hafs on authority of ‘Asim, which is the prevalent Qira’t in the Islamic world.[10]

The issue of Tahreef [tampering] has been a matter of disagreement between many classical Shia scholars. It has been mentioned that the likes of Muhammad Baqir Majlisi [author of Bihar al-Anwar], Muhammad ibn Ya'qub al-Kulayni [author of Kitab al-Kafi], Ni'matullah Al Jazaa'iri [author of Anwar Al Nu'maniyyah] and Al Ayyaashi [author of Tafsir al Ayaashi] among others were of the view that the present Qur'an is not the same as was revealed to Muhammad ibn Abdullah and omission/corruption has taken place.

According to Muhammad Baqir Majlisi, the difference of opinion among the scholars and jurists was as follows:

Some accused Shī‘ah of alleging that Fatimah had her own Mus'haf (Qur'an), the Mushaf of Fatimah, which was allegedly three times larger than the current Qur'an. Again, Shī‘ahs reject this as a missrepresentation of facts aimed at misscrediting them.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Shīʿism and the Qurʾān". Encyclopaedia of the Qur'an. Leiden: Brill Publishers. 2004. 
  2. ^ a b Modarressi, Hossein (1993). "Early Debates on the Integrity of the Qur'ān: A Brief Survey". Studia Islamica (77): 5–39. Retrieved 4 July 2012. 
  3. ^ a b Shirazi, Muhammad (2004). The Qur'an made simple 10. London,UK: Fountain Books. pp. xxiv. 
  4. ^ Shirazi, Muhammad (2001). The Qur'an - When was it compiled?. London,UK: Fountain Books. pp. 5, 7. 
  5. ^ Shirazi, Muhammad (2004). The Qur'an made simple 10. London,UK: Fountain Books. pp. xxi, xxiv, xxv. 
  6. ^ Shirazi, Muhammad (2008). The Shi'a and their Beliefs. London,UK: Fountain Books. p. 29. 
  7. ^ The Shi'i Qur'an: an Examination of Western Scholarship by Jonah Winters
  8. ^ Tahríf refers to tampering with the letters or words of the verses of the Holy Qur'án, changing them from the original revealed form
  9. ^ Tahrif al-Qur'an
  10. ^ Is the Qur’an Corrupted? Shi’ites’ View
  11. ^ Muhammad Baqir al Majlisi, The Mirror of Intellects (Arabic: Mir'at ul-Oqool View)