Shiban

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This article is about the 13th century leader of the Left Wing princes within the Golden Horde. For the 16th Century Uzbek dynasty, see Shaybanid.
"Sheyban" redirects here. For places in Iran, see Sheyban, Iran.

Shiban (Sheiban) or Shayban was one of the Left Wing princes. He was Jöchi's fifth son and a grandson of Genghis Khan. Because he was too young when his father died in 1227, he did not receive any lands at that time.

Battle of Muhi, Hungary in a medieval depiction

Shiban participated the Mongol invasion of Europe and made decisive attack on the army of Béla IV at the battle of Mohi in 1241. Abulghazi says that after this campaign, Batu gave him lands east of the Ural Mountains on the lower parts of the Syr Darya, Chu, and Sari Suers as winter quarters and the lands of the Ural River flowing off the east side of the Urals, north and east of the Volga, as summer quarters. Shiban was also given 15,000 families as a gift from his brother Orda, as well as the four uruks of the Kuchis, the Naimans, the Karluks, and the Buiruks, while he assigned him as a camping ground all the country lying between that of his brother Orda Ichin and his own.[1] Thus Shiban's lands were somewhat between Batu's and Orda's, and in the northern part of the White Horde's territory.

Although, it is unknown how long he lived, his descendants continued to rule long after the breakup of the Ulus of Jochi (Golden Horde). It is merely said that he left twelve sons, namely, Bainal or Yasal, Behadur, Kadak, Balagha (Bulgay), Cherik or Jerik, Mergen or Surkhan, Kurtugha or Kultuka, Ayachi or Abaji, Sailghan or Sasiltan, Beyanjar or Bayakachar, Majar, and Kunchi or Kuwinji.[2] Shiban's descendants are known as the Shaybanids; his male line continues down to the present time. One of Shiban's sons, Balagha Bey (Prince Balagha) assisted Hulagu Khan in taking Baghdad in 1258.[3] However, he died in unknown circumstances.

According to William of Rubruck, he killed his cousin Güyük Khan in a violent brawl.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Abhulgazi, $5 pp.23
  2. ^ Op.cit., 191. Ud. Von Hammer, Golden Horde. Table. J Golden Horde, 303.
  3. ^ "The Mongol's besiege and capture Baghdad in 1258" De Re Militari: The Society for Medieval Military History

References[edit]

  • Grousset, R. The Empire of the Steppes, New Brunswick, New Jersey: Rutgers University Press, 1970 (translated by Naomi Walford from the French edition published by Payot, 1970), pp. 478–490 et passim.