Shibukawa, Gunma

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Shibukawa
渋川市
City
Flag of Shibukawa
Flag
Location of Shibukawa in Gunma Prefecture
Location of Shibukawa in Gunma Prefecture
Shibukawa is located in Japan
Shibukawa
Shibukawa
Location in Japan
Coordinates: 36°23′22″N 139°03′48″E / 36.38944°N 139.06333°E / 36.38944; 139.06333Coordinates: 36°23′22″N 139°03′48″E / 36.38944°N 139.06333°E / 36.38944; 139.06333
Country Japan
Region Kantō
Prefecture Gunma Prefecture
Government
 • Mayor Sadaji Akutsu (since September 2009)
Area
 • Total 240.42 km2 (92.83 sq mi)
Population (May 31, 2011)
 • Total 84,160
 • Density 350.05/km2 (906.6/sq mi)
Time zone Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)
Address 80 Ishihara, Shibukawa-shi, Gunma-ken
377-8501
Phone number 0279-22-2111
Website http://www.city.shibukawa.gunma.jp/index.html
Shibukawa City Hall
Ishidannoyu Onsen, Ikuho
Tanashitafudō Waterfall
Snack bars (hostess clubs) in Shibukawa

Shibukawa (渋川市 Shibukawa-shi?) is a city located in the extreme northwest of the Kantō Plain, in the center of landlocked Gunma Prefecture, Japan. Encompassing the juncture of the Tone River and Agatsuma River, it is about 120 kilometres (75 miles) from Tokyo. Due to its location at the geographical center of the nation, Shibukawa is known as the Bellybutton of Japan (日本のおへそ, nihon no oheso). The city was founded on April 1, 1954.

Shibukawa originally grew to prosperity as an inn town, but even today is in a central location between Numata and Maebashi. Also, anyone going to a number of famous hot spring resorts, such as Kusatsu, Shima, or Ikaho must pass through Shibukawa.

As of May 31, 2011, the city has an estimated population of 84,160, with 31,289 households and a density of 350.05 persons per km². The total land area is 240.42 km2 (92.83 sq mi).

Geography[edit]

Shibukawa is located at a central point (36°29′ N, 139°00′ E) of the Japanese Archipelago and is thus known as the Bellybutton of Japan (日本のおへそ, nihon no oheso). The city encompasses an area of 240.42 square kilometres (92.83 sq mi).

To the west is Mount Haruna, and to the east is Mount Akagi. To the north are Mount Onoko and Mount Komochi. The Tone River flows from the north (between Mount Akagi and Mt. Komochi) southward through the city, while the Agatsuma River flows from the west (between Mt. Onoko and Mount Haruna), merging with the Tone River near the center of the city.

Shibukawa's highest altitude is 1,565 m (5,135 ft) above sea level; its lowest point is 2,701 m (8,862 ft) above sea level. The majority of the city lies between 200 to 800 metres (656 to 2,625 feet) above sea level

Farmland covers 49.88 km2 (19.26 sq mi) (20.8% of the city), housing covers 20.31 km2 (7.84 sq mi) (8.4%), and mountains and forests cover 77.39 km2 (29.88 sq mi) (32.2%). The remaining 92.84 km2 (35.85 sq mi) (38.6%) has other land uses.

Adjacent municipalities[edit]

History[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Shibukawa's population, as of April 2008, was 86,395. There were 42,313 males and 44,082 females. The number of households was 30,870. The population density was 359 persons per km².

Twin towns – Sister cities[edit]

Foligno in Umbria, Italy is Shibukawa's sister city. Logan City, Queensland, Australia is designated as a Friendship City with Shibukawa.

Festivals[edit]

Shibukawa calls itself "The Bellybutton of Japan" (日本のおへそ) and hosts the Bellybutton Festival (へそ祭り) every year in late July. The festival is based on a traditional Japanese form of entertainment where revelers paint a face on their torsos and stomachs and pretend it is a head.A kimono is then wrapped around the waist and the person's real head is hidden by a large cloth hat. The belly button is traditionally painted into a mouth.These days, modern motifs and Japanese anime designs have crept into the festival, which city officials said is all about having fun.[1][2]

Transportation[edit]

Rail[edit]

Roads[edit]

Schools[edit]

Shibukawa has four high schools:

  • Shibukawa High School
  • Shibukawa Girls' High School
  • Shibukawa Kougyou High School
  • Shibukawa Seisui High School

There are ten junior high schools:

  • Akagi North Junior High School
  • Akagi South Junior High School
  • Furumaki Junior High School
  • Hokkitsu Junior High School
  • Ikaho Junior High School
  • Kanashima Junior High School
  • Komochi Junior High School
  • Shibukawa Junior High School
  • Shibukawa North Junior High School
  • Onogami Junior High School.

Finally, there are seventeen elementary schools:

  • Ikaho Elementary School
  • Furumaki Elementary School
  • Kamishiroi Elementary School
  • Kanashima Elementary School
  • Miharada Elementary School
  • Nagaou Elementary School
  • Nagumo Elementary School
  • Nakagou Elementary School
  • Onogami Elementary School
  • Shibukawa North Elementary School
  • Shibukawa South Elementary School
  • Shibukawa West Elementary School
  • Tachibana North Elementary School
  • Tachibana South Elementary School
  • Tousen Elementary School
  • Toyoaki Elementary School
  • Tsukuda Elementary School

Attractions[edit]

  • Shibukawa Skyland Park - an amusement park
  • Ikaho Green Bokujou - a farm designed to show its customers various things about farming
  • Ikaho Sistina Museum- an op art museum which also has a Sistine Chapel replica
  • Japan Chanson Museum - a museum dedicated to the chanson style of music
  • Shibukawa Sōgō Park- a large park encompassing hiking trails, campsites, tennis courts, a baseball diamond, a running track, and various other recreational facilities
  • Onoike Ajisai Park- a hydrangea park with a pond and hiking trails
  • Shibukawa Sky Terume - a hot spring in a building which looks something like a spaceship

Trivia[edit]

Shibukawa is the home town of Takumi Fujiwara, the main character in Initial D. Many scenes of the live action movie were taped on location in Shibukawa.

References[edit]

External links[edit]