Shibuya Station

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Shibuya Station
渋谷駅
Shibuya -03.jpg
Shibuya Station, Hachiko Exit
Location
Prefecture Tokyo
(See other stations in Tokyo)
Ward Shibuya
Coordinates Coordinates: 35°39′31″N 139°42′05″E / 35.658514°N 139.70133°E / 35.658514; 139.70133
(in Japanese) 東京都渋谷区
Rail services
Operator(s) JR East
Keio
Tokyu
Tokyo Metro
Aiga bus inv.svg Major bus terminal(s) attached to the station

Shibuya Station (渋谷駅 Shibuya-eki?) is a railway station in Shibuya, Tokyo, Japan, operated jointly by East Japan Railway Company (JR East), Keio Corporation, Tokyu Corporation, and Tokyo Metro. With 2.4 million passengers on an average weekday in 2004, it is the fourth-busiest commuter rail station in Japan (after Shinjuku, Ikebukuro, and Ōsaka / Umeda) handling a large amount of commuter traffic between the center city and suburbs to the south and west.[1]

Lines[edit]

JR East[edit]

Private railways[edit]

Subways[edit]

Note that the Tokyo Metro Hanzomon Line and Fukutoshin Line are directly connected (without passing through ticket gates), but they are not directly connected to the Ginza Line.

Station layout[edit]

Shibuya station is currently undergoing major renovations as a part of a long-term site redevelopment plan.[2] While all rail and subway lines continue to operate, some station exits and entrances are subject to change. The east side of the main station has since March 2013 been transformed due to the provision of through train services between the Tokyu Toyoko Line and the Tokyo Metro Fukutoshin Line. While much of the main station building, previously housing the Tokyu department store has been closed and is set for demolition, the west building of the Tokyu department store continues to operate as before. The Shibuya Hikarie building, also owned by the Tokyu Group was opened in 2012 and features department store retail, restaurants and offices.

The Tokyo Metro Ginza Line, originally built and operated by a Tokyu keiretsu company, continues to use platforms on the third floor of the station building. The JR lines are on the second floor in a north south orientation. The Tokyu Toyoko Line used parallel platforms on the second floor of the same building until March 16th 2013 when the Toyoko Line moved underground to provide through service with the Tokyo Metro Fukutoshin Line. The Tokyo Metro Hanzomon Line and Tokyu Den-en-toshi Line share platforms underground in a different part of the station and the Keio Inokashira Line uses platforms on the second floor of the Shibuya Mark City building to the west of the main station complex.

There are six exits from the main JR/Tokyu/Tokyo Metro complex. The Hachikō Exit (ハチ公口 Hachikō-guchi?) on the west side, named for the nearby statue of the dog Hachikō and adjacent to Shibuya's famous scramble crossing, is a particularly popular meeting spot. The Tamagawa Exit (玉川口 Tamagawa-guchi?) on the west side leads to the Keiō Inokashira Line station.

On November 17, 2008, a mural by Tarō Okamoto, "The Myth of Tomorrow", depicting a human figure being hit by an atomic bomb, was unveiled in its new permanent location at the station, in the connecting passage to the Keio Inokashira Line entrance.

JR East[edit]

JR East
Shibuya Station
渋谷駅
JR Shibuya Station Platform.jpg
Yamanote Line platform, March 2010
Location
Prefecture Tokyo
Ward Shibuya
Neighborhood etc. 1-1 Dogenzaka Itchōme
(in Japanese) 東京都渋谷区道玄坂一丁目1-1
History
Year opened 1885
Rail services
Operator(s) JR East
Line(s) Yamanote Line
Saikyō Line
Shōnan-Shinjuku Line
Statistics 412,009 passengers/day (FY2012)

Platforms[edit]

The Yamanote Line is served by two side platforms with two tracks. The Saikyō Line and Shōnan-Shinjuku Line is served by one island platform with two tracks The Saikyo Line platform is located to the south of the Yamanote Line platforms, approximately 350 m away.[3]


1 Yamanote Line for Shinagawa, and Tokyo
2 Yamanote Line for Shinjuku and Ikebukuro
3 Saikyō Line for Shinjuku and Ōmiya
Shōnan-Shinjuku Line for Shinjuku and Ōmiya
(for the Takasaki Line) Kumagaya, Takasaki, Maebashi
(for the Utsunomiya Line) Oyama, Utsunomiya
4 Saikyō Line, Rinkai Line for Ōsaki and Shin-Kiba
Shōnan-Shinjuku Line for Yokohama
(for the Tōkaidō Line) Odawara
(for the Yokosuka Line) Zushi
Ltd. Express Narita Express for Narita Airport

Adjacent stations[edit]

« Service »
Yamanote Line
Ebisu - Harajuku
Saikyō Line
Ebisu   Commuter Rapid   Shinjuku
Ebisu   Rapid   Shinjuku
Ebisu   Local   Shinjuku
Shōnan-Shinjuku Line
Shinjuku Special Rapid Ōsaki
Shinjuku Rapid Ebisu
Shinjuku Local Ebisu


Tokyu Den-en-toshi Line and Tokyo Metro Hanzomon Line[edit]

Tokyu (Den-en-toshi Line)
Tokyo Metro (Hanzomon Line)
Shibuya Station
渋谷駅
TokyoMetro-shibuya-Z01-platform.jpg
Tokyo Metro Station Platforms
Location
Prefecture Tokyo
Ward Shibuya
Neighborhood etc. 1-1 Dogenzaka Nichōme
(in Japanese) 東京都渋谷区道玄坂二丁目1-1
History
Year opened 1977
Rail services
Station number(s) DT01, Z-01
Operator(s) Tokyu Corporation
Tokyo Metro
Line(s) Tokyu Den-en-toshi Line
Tokyo Metro Hanzomon Line

Platforms[edit]

One underground island platform on the third basement (B3F) level serving two tracks


1 Tokyu Den-en-toshi Line for Futako-Tamagawa, Nagatsuta, and Chūō-Rinkan
2 Tokyo Metro Hanzomon Line for Ōtemachi, and Oshiage, (Tobu Skytree Line) Tōbu-Dōbutsu-Kōen, (Tobu Isesaki Line) Kuki, (Tobu Nikko Line) Minami-Kurihashi

Adjacent stations[edit]

« Service »
Tokyu Den-en-toshi Line (DT01)
Tokyo Metro Hanzomon Line (Z-01)
Sangenjaya (Den-en-toshi Line, DT03)   Express   Omotesandō (Hanzomon Line, Z-02)
Ikejiri-Ōhashi (Den-en-toshi Line, DT02)   Semi Express   Omotesandō (Hanzomon Line, Z-02)
Ikejiri-Ōhashi (Den-en-toshi Line, DT02)   Local   Omotesandō (Hanzomon Line, Z-02)


Tokyu Toyoko Line and Tokyo Metro Fukutoshin Line[edit]

Tokyu (Toyoko Line)
Tokyo Metro (Fukutoshin Line)
Shibuya Station
渋谷駅
Location
Prefecture Tokyo
Ward Shibuya
Neighborhood etc. 1-1 Dogenzaka Nichōme
(in Japanese) 東京都渋谷区道玄坂二丁目1-1
History
Year opened 2008
Rail services
Station number(s) TY01, F-16
Operator(s) Tokyu Corporation
Tokyo Metro
Line(s) Tokyu Toyoko Line, Tokyo Metro Fukutoshin Line

Platforms[edit]

Two underground island platforms on the fifth basement (B5F) level serving four tracks.


3/4 Tokyu Toyoko Line for Jiyūgaoka, Yokohama
Minatomirai Line for Motomachi-Chukagai
5/6 Tokyo Metro Fukutoshin Line for Shinjuku-sanchōme, Ikebukuro, and Wakōshi
Tobu Tojo Line for Kawagoeshi
Seibu Ikebukuro Line for Hannō

Adjacent stations[edit]

« Service »
Tokyu Toyoko Line (TY01)
(Tokyo Metro Fukutoshin Line)   Limited express   Naka-Meguro (TY03)
(Tokyo Metro Fukutoshin Line)   Commuter express   Naka-Meguro (TY03)
(Tokyo Metro Fukutoshin Line)   Express   Naka-Meguro (TY03)
(Tokyo Metro Fukutoshin Line)   Local   Daikanyama (TY02)
Tokyo Metro Fukutoshin Line (F-16)
Shinjuku-Sanchōme (F-13)   Express (weekdays)   (Tokyu Toyoko Line)
Meiji-Jingūmae 'Harajuku' (F-15)   Express (weekends, holidays)   (Tokyu Toyoko Line)
Shinjuku-Sanchōme (F-13)   Commuter Express   (Tokyu Toyoko Line)
Meiji-Jingūmae 'Harajuku' (F-15) Local (Tokyu Toyoko Line)


Tokyo Metro Ginza Line[edit]

Tokyo Metro
Shibuya Station
渋谷駅
GinzaLine Shibuya200505-5.jpg
A Ginza Line train arriving in Shibuya. Shibuya is the only place where the line runs above ground.
Location
Prefecture Tokyo
Ward Shibuya
Neighborhood etc. 1-1 Dogenzaka Itchōme
(in Japanese) 東京都渋谷区道玄坂一丁目1-1
History
Year opened 1938
Rail services
Station number(s) G-01
Operator(s) Tokyo Metro
Line(s) Tokyo Metro Ginza Line
Aiga bus inv.svg Major bus terminal(s) attached to the station

Platforms[edit]

Two side platforms serving two tracks.


1 Tokyo Metro Ginza Line alighting passengers only
2 Tokyo Metro Ginza Line for Akasaka-mitsuke, Ginza, Ueno, and Asakusa

Adjacent stations[edit]

« Service »
Tokyo Metro Ginza Line (G 01)
Terminus - Omotesandō (G 02)


Keio Inokashira Line[edit]

Keio
Shibuya Station
渋谷駅
Keio-Inogashira-Line-Shibuya-Station-01.jpg
Shibuya Station platforms, November 2011
Location
Prefecture Tokyo
Ward Shibuya
Neighborhood etc. 4-1 Dogenzaka Itchōme
(in Japanese) 東京都渋谷区道玄坂一丁目4-1
History
Year opened 1933
Rail services
Station number(s) IN01
Operator(s) Keio Corporation
Line(s) Keio Inokashira Line
Statistics 335,475 passengers/day (FY2011)

Platforms[edit]

The Keio station consists of two bay platforms serving two tracks.[4]


1, 2 Keio Inokashira Line for Shimo-Kitazawa, Meidaimae, Eifukuchō, and Kichijōji

Adjacent stations[edit]

« Service »
Keio Inokashira Line (IN01)
Terminus   Express   Shimo-Kitazawa (IN05)
Terminus   Local   Shinsen (IN02)


History[edit]

Aerial view of Shibuya Station circa 1960

Shibuya Station first opened on March 1, 1885 as a stop on the Shinagawa Line, a predecessor of the present-day Yamanote Line. The station was later expanded to accommodate the Tamagawa Railway (1907; closed 1969), the Toyoko Line (1927), the Teito Shibuya Line (1 August 1933; now the Inokashira Line),[5] the Tōkyō Rapid Railway (1938; began through service with the Ginza Line in 1939 and formally merged in 1941), the Den-en-toshi Line (1977), the Hanzōmon Line (1978) and the Fukutoshin Line (2008). Between 1925 and 1935, an Akita dog named Hachiko waited for his deceased owner, appearing at the station right when his train was due. In 1946 the infamous Shibuya incident, a gang fight involving hundreds of people, occurred in front of the station.

Between December 2008 and March 2009, piezoelectric mats were installed at Shibuya Station as a small scale test.[6][7][8][9]

From 22 February 2013, station numbering was introduced on Keio lines, with Shibuya Station becoming "IN01".[10]

Former Toyoko Line station[edit]

Tokyu (Toyoko Line)
Shibuya Station
渋谷駅
Shibuya Station ToyokoLine Platform.jpg
Former Tokyu Toyoko Line platforms, February 2009
Location
Prefecture Tokyo
Ward Shibuya
Neighborhood etc. 2-24-1 Shibuya
(in Japanese) 東京都渋谷区渋谷二丁目24-1
History
Year opened 1927
Year closed 2013
Rail services
Station number(s) TY-01
Operator(s) Tokyu Corporation
Line(s) Tokyu Toyoko Line

The former above-ground Tokyu Toyoko Line terminal station platforms were taken out of use after the last train service on 15 March 2013. From the start of the revised timetable on 16 March 2013, Toyoko Line services used the underground platforms 3-6 shared with Tokyo Metro Fukutoshin Line services.

Platforms[edit]

The station had four 8-car long bay platforms numbered 1 to 4, serving four tracks.


1-4 Tokyu Toyoko Line for Naka-Meguro, Jiyūgaoka, Yokohama, (Minatomirai Line) Motomachi-Chūkagai

Future developments[edit]

JR East plans to rebuild the station, with reconstruction work starting in earnest in fiscal 2015.[3] When completed, the Yamanote Line will be served by an island platform instead of the current separated side platform arrangement, and the Saikyo Line platforms, currently approximately 350 m away, will be moved alongside the Yamanote Line platforms to make interchanging easier.[3] The new station will feature a new 46-storey building, containing offices and shopping malls.[3]

Passenger statistics[edit]

In fiscal 2012, the JR East station was used by 412,009 passengers daily (boarding passengers only),[11] the Keio station was used by an average of 335,475 passengers daily.[12]

The daily passenger figures for each operator in previous years are as shown below.

Fiscal year JR East Tokyu Tokyo Metro Keio
1999 423,336[13] 323,180[5]
2000 428,165[14]
2005 423,884[15]
2010 403,277[16] 336,926[12]
2011 402,766[17] 217,117[18] 335,475[12]
2012 412,009[11]
  • Note that JR East figures are for boarding passengers only.

Surrounding area[edit]

Former Tokyu 5000 series "Green frog" carriage in front of the west side of the station
Bus terminal on the west side of Shibuya Station

Around the station is the commercial center of Shibuya. The Tokyu Department Store is connected to the east gate of the station and several other department stores are within walking distance.

The Shibuya River flows directly under the station, to the east and parallel to the JR tracks. Unlike most other Japanese department stores, the east block of Tokyu Department Store, closed in 2013 and due for demolition as a part of the Shibuya Station redevelopment plan, did not have basement retail space due to the river passing directly underneath. An escalator in the east block of the store was constructed over the river stops a few steps above floor level to make space for machinery underneath without the need for further excavation. Rivers are deemed public space under Japanese law, so building over one is normally illegal. It is not clear why this was allowed when the store buildings were first constructed in 1933.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ JR East 891,460 [1], Tokyu 414,833+680,395 [2], Tokyo Metro Hanzomon Line 472,123+258,609 [3], Keio 343,697 [4] Totals 3,061,117 million
  2. ^ "Urban Planning Proposal for Areas Surrounding Shibuya Station". Tokyu Corporation. Retrieved 19 March 2014. 
  3. ^ a b c d Nagata, Kazuaki (17 April 2014). "Shibuya Station to be rebuilt". The Japan Times Online (in Japanese). Japan: The Japan Times Ltd. p. 2. Retrieved 17 April 2014. 
  4. ^ Kawashima, Ryozo (April 2010). 日本の鉄道 中部ライン 全線・全駅・全配線 第1巻 東京駅―三鷹エリア [Railways of Japan - Chubu Line - Lines/Stations/Track plans - Vol 1 Tokyo Station - Mitaka Area]. Japan: Kodansha. p. 10. ISBN 978-4-06-270061-0. 
  5. ^ a b Terada, Hirokazu (July 2002). データブック日本の私鉄 [Databook: Japan's Private Railways]. Japan: Neko Publishing. p. 205. ISBN 4-87366-874-3. 
  6. ^ "Power-Generating Floors Offer New Source of Clean Energy". Trends in Japan. Web Japan. January 2010. Retrieved August 25, 2011. 
  7. ^ Skjoldan, Lasse (January 29, 2009). "Foot Powering Tokyo Train Station". News and Opinions. Celsias. Retrieved August 25, 2011. 
  8. ^ Fermoso, Jose (December 17, 2008). "Power Generating Floor in Train Stations Light Up Holiday Displays". Wired – Gadget Lab. Condé Nast Digital. Retrieved August 25, 2011. 
  9. ^ Keferl, Michael (July 8, 2009). "Electricity-Generating Flooring Gets Tokyo Test". CScout. Retrieved August 25, 2011. 
  10. ^ "京王線・井の頭線全駅で「駅ナンバリング」を導入します。" [Station numbering to be introduced on Keio Line and Inokashira Line] (pdf). News release (in Japanese). Keio Corporation. 18 January 2013. Retrieved 23 February 2013. 
  11. ^ a b "各駅の乗車人員 (2012年度)" [Station passenger figures (Fiscal 2012)] (in Japanese). Japan: East Japan Railway Company. Retrieved 2 July 2013. 
  12. ^ a b c "1日の駅別乗降人員" [Average daily station usage figures] (in Japanese). Japan: Keio Corporation. 2013. Retrieved 23 February 2013. 
  13. ^ "各駅の乗車人員 (1999年度)" [Station passenger figures (Fiscal 1999)] (in Japanese). Japan: East Japan Railway Company. Retrieved 23 February 2013. 
  14. ^ "各駅の乗車人員 (2000年度)" [Station passenger figures (Fiscal 2000)] (in Japanese). Japan: East Japan Railway Company. Retrieved 23 February 2013. 
  15. ^ "各駅の乗車人員 (2005年度)" [Station passenger figures (Fiscal 2005)] (in Japanese). Japan: East Japan Railway Company. Retrieved 23 February 2013. 
  16. ^ "各駅の乗車人員 (2010年度)" [Station passenger figures (Fiscal 2010)] (in Japanese). Japan: East Japan Railway Company. Retrieved 23 February 2013. 
  17. ^ "各駅の乗車人員 (2011年度)" [Station passenger figures (Fiscal 2011)] (in Japanese). Japan: East Japan Railway Company. Retrieved 2 July 2013. 
  18. ^ "駅別乗降人員順位表(2011年度1日平均)" [Station passenger figures (Fiscal 2011)] (in Japanese). Japan: Tokyo Metro. Retrieved 23 February 2013. 

External links[edit]