Shields, North Dakota

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Shields
Unincorporated community
Post contract station in Shields
Post contract station in Shields
Nickname(s): "The Gateway City to Southern Grant County."
Shields is located in North Dakota
Shields
Shields
Location within the state of North Dakota
Coordinates: 46°14′1″N 101°7′33″W / 46.23361°N 101.12583°W / 46.23361; -101.12583Coordinates: 46°14′1″N 101°7′33″W / 46.23361°N 101.12583°W / 46.23361; -101.12583
Country United States
State North Dakota
County Grant
Elevation 1,808 ft (551 m)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP codes 58569
GNIS feature ID 1032061

Shields (Arikara: nahtsú nawahná [NAhtsuu naWAhná], tawihkuwaákux [taWIhkuwaákUx]) [1] is an unincorporated community in Grant County, North Dakota, United States. Founded by Nathaniel J. Shields and his wife Mary and their four children in 1896. Shields' population peaked in 1920 with 250 people. Its elevation is 1,808 feet (551 m).[2] Although it is unincorporated, it has a post office, with the ZIP code of 58569.[3]

History[edit]

Shields was established September 16, 1896, when Nathaniel J. Shields established a rural post office in his sod home. Shields and his wife Mary had four children, Mark, Arthur, Maude (Browning), and Laura (Martin) who were the first to live in Shields in the 1880s, when the Dakota Territory still existed. Nathaniel Shields built St. James Catholic Church in 1890 and other buildings.[citation needed] The government soon designated Shields as a village in 1891.[citation needed] In 1901, the townsite was relocated 2 miles south along the banks of the Cannonball River.[4] The town grew initially, reporting a population of 250 in the 1920s. Shields billed itself as "The Gateway City of Southern Grant County".[4] By 1923 no sod houses existed in Shields; they were replaced by wooden homes. Three of the most famous Native Americans lived near or in Shields at one time, Rain-in-the-Face, Chief Gall, and Sitting Bull.[citation needed] The population declined to just 99 in 1950.[4] In 2002, it was reported that 15 people called Shields home.[5]

2002 Wildfire[edit]

On July 1, 2002, a wild-fire destroyed most of Shields, destroying 30 structures and displacing 15 families.[6][7] The wildfire was said to be caused by lightning striking dry pastures.[6] After the fire, the Bismarck Tribune newspaper ran a headline asking "Is this the end of Shields?", and the local sheriff was quoted saying "There is no more Shields." However, one resident interviewed by the paper said the community would survive.[8]

Climate[edit]

This climatic region is typified by large seasonal temperature differences, with warm to hot (and often humid) summers and cold (sometimes severely cold) winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Shields has a humid continental climate, abbreviated "Dfb" on climate maps.[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "AISRI Dictionary Database Search-- Arikara. Prototype version". Retrieved 2012-07-08. 
  2. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Shields, North Dakota, Geographic Names Information System, 1980-02-13. Accessed 2008-03-31.
  3. ^ Zip Code Lookup
  4. ^ a b c Wick, Douglas A. (1988). North Dakota Place Names. Bismarck, North Dakota: Hedemarken Collectibles. p. 178. ISBN 0-9620968-0-6. OCLC 191277027. 
  5. ^ Winter, Deena (30 June 2002). "Is this the end for Shields?". Bismarck Tribune. 
  6. ^ a b Spilde, Tony (1 July 2002). "Grant County grass fires contained". Bismarck Tribune. 
  7. ^ Herzog, Karen (1 July 2002). "Diocese, Red Cross helping victims of wildfires". Bismarck Tribune. 
  8. ^ Rogers, Ken (1 July 2002). [Shields: How can we help? "Diocese, Red Cross helping victims of wildfires"]. Bismarck Tribune. [dead link]
  9. ^ Climate Summary for Shields, North Dakota