Al-Shifa Hospital

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Al-Shifa Hospital
Geography
Location Gaza, Palestinian territories
Organisation
Care system Internal medicine, surgery, pediatrics, ophthalmology, obstetrics, gynecology
Hospital type Treatment
History
Founded 1920s

Al-Shifa Hospital (Arabic: مستشفى الشفاءMustashfa al-Shifa) is the largest medical complex and central hospital of Gaza, located in the district of North Rimal.[1] The current director of the hospital is Khaled Hassan.[2]

History[edit]

Al-Shifa, which means "healing" in Arabic, was originally a British Army barracks, but was transformed into a center to provide treatment for quarantine and febrile diseases by the government of the British Mandate of Palestine. Prior to the 1948 Arab-Israeli War, al-Shifa was the only hospital in Gaza. When the Egyptians administered the Gaza Strip after the war, the quarantine and febrile diseases department was relocated to another area in the city and al-Shifa developed into the central hospital of Gaza. Initially, a department for internal medicine was established, followed by a new wing for surgery, and subsequently new buildings for pediatrics and ophthalmology were added to the hospital.[3]

After a brief occupation by Israel during the 1956 Suez Crisis, the returning Egyptian administration, under directives by president Gamal Abdel Nasser, paid more attention to the health and social situation of Gaza, and al-Shifa was expanded to include departments for obstetrics and gynecology. They established a new health administration for the Gaza region, later building several clinics throughout the city that were attended by doctors from the hospital.[4] The largest department in al-Shifa was internal medicine (100 beds), then pediatrics (70 beds), surgery (50 beds), ophthalmology (20 beds) and gynecology (10 beds).[5]

Israeli occupation and Palestinian control[edit]

Erik Fosse. Norwegian medical doctor working at the hospital.
Mads Gilbert. Norwegian medical doctor known for his humanitarian work at the hospital.

When Israel reoccupied Gaza in the 1967 Six-Day War, the entire Egyptian administration and staff in the hospital were taken prisoner.[6] By 1969, the internal medicines department grew to contain several sub-departments.[7] The hospital underwent a major Israeli renovation in the 1980s as part of a showcase project to improve the living conditions of Gaza residents.[8]

Much of the media coverage of the 2008–2009 Israel–Gaza conflict was broadcast or written by correspondents reporting from the hospital.[9]

The two Norwegian medical doctors, Erik Fosse and Mads Gilbert, have done humanitarian work at the hospital.

Hamas bunker[edit]

Several reports by Shin Bet officials (Yuval Diskin, Yitzhak Ilan) stated that Hamas used Al-Shifa hospital as bunker and refuge, knowing it will be spared by air-strikes. Ahmed Jabari hid there during the 2008–2009 Israel–Gaza conflict.[8][10]

In 2009, The Palestinian Health Ministry, run by the Palestinian Authority in the West Bank, accused Hamas members of taking control of wards in Shifa Hospital, using them for interrogation and imprisonment, while withholding medical care.[11]

During 2014, Operation Protective Edge, the hospital was described by The Washington Post as being a "de facto headquarters for Hamas leaders, who can be seen in the hallways and offices."[12] According to the WorldNetDaily, a conservative website[13] Middle Eastern security officials were said to believe that Hamas members are using the Al-Shifa Hospital complex in Gaza not only as a hiding place but also as a sanctuary command center for some of the Islamist group's operations targeting Israel and are using tunnels to move in and out of the complex.[14] A Palestinian journalist reported for Libération that just a few meters from the emergency room a section was being used by Hamas as offices.[15] Reporting from the Gaza hospital to the Finnish Helsingin Sanomat Aishi Zidan told that a rocket was fired in the middle of the night from a parking lot at the hospital.[16]

During Operation Protective Edge, Wall Street Journal correspondent Nick Casey tweeted a photo of a Hamas official using Shifa hospital for media interviews, but then later deleted it.[17]

Against these reports has stood the testimony of the Norwegian medical doctor, Mads Gilbert, who, in 2009, saved Hamas leader Ahmed Jabari at Shifa Hospital:[18]

"I have been able to roam freely at the hospital and take the pictures that I wanted and talk to whomever I wanted. I can of course not say that I have been in every corner of the hospital, but concerning what I and Dr. Erik Fosse have seen, then none of us have seen that it is a command center for Hamas."

References[edit]

  1. ^ Al-Shifa Hospital and Israel's Gaza Siege Defence for Children International Palestine Section. 2006-07-16.
  2. ^ Edelson, Daniel. Gaza hospital director: Israel lying: Gaza doctors slam 'crazy' Shin Bet charges that hospitals in Strip used as Hamas hideouts YNET.
  3. ^ Husseini and Barnea, 2002, p.135.
  4. ^ Husseini and Barnea, 2002, p.136.
  5. ^ Husseini and Barnea, 2002, p.137.
  6. ^ Husseini and Barnea, 2002, p.139.
  7. ^ Husseini and Barnea, 2002, p.141.
  8. ^ a b Harel, Amos. Hamas leaders hiding in basement of Israel-built hospital in Gaza Haaretz. 2009-12-01
  9. ^ Richman, Rick. Omissions of the Times; the paper of record's reportage from Gaza was most notable for what wasn't covered. March 2009
  10. ^ Hamas leaders believed hunkered under Gaza hospital, Klein, Aaron, WorldNetDaily
  11. ^ Roee Nahmias (02.07.09). "PA: Hamas converts hospitals into jails". Ynetnews.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  12. ^ "While Israel held its fire, the militant group Hamas did not". Washington Post. July 15, 2014. 
  13. ^ John F. Burns (May 5, 2009). "Britain Identifies 16 Barred From Entering U.K.". The New York Times. 
  14. ^ "Hamas leaders believed hunkered under Gaza hospital". WND. 07/08/2014.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  15. ^ David Frum (2 August 2014). "Photographs as Weapons of War in the Middle East". The Atlantic. 
  16. ^ "VIDEO: Finnish reporter sees rockets fired from Gaza hospital". Ynetnews. 2 August 2014. 
  17. ^ "Gaza reporters’ tweets: Hamas using human shields". Jerusalem Post. July 24, 2014. Retrieved July 28, 2014. 
  18. ^ Martin Krasnik (3. august 2014 (interview from 3. august)). "Norsk Gaza-læge: Palæstinenserne har ret til at gøre modstand" (in Danish and Norwegian). DR.  Check date values in: |date= (help) Danish translation from Norwegian (approx.): "Jeg har kunnet færdes frit på sygehuset og tage de billede, jeg ville og tale med dem, jeg ville. Jeg kan selvfølgelig ikke sige, at jeg har været i hver eneste krinkelkrog men når det gælder det, jeg og dr. Erik Fosse har set, så har vi ikke set, at det er et kommandocenter for Hamas."

Bibliography[edit]

Coordinates: 31°31′26.92″N 34°26′39.13″E / 31.5241444°N 34.4442028°E / 31.5241444; 34.4442028