Shiga 1st district

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Shiga 1st district (滋賀県第1区, Shiga-ken dai-ikku or simply 滋賀1区, Shiga-ikku) is a single-member constituency of the House of Representatives, the lower house of the national Diet of Japan. It is located in Western Shiga and covers the cities of Ōtsu, the prefectural capital, and Takashima. As of 2009, 314,742 eligible voters were registered in the district.[1]

The district's first representative for the district after its creation in the electoral reform of 1994 was Democratic Socialist Tatsuo Kawabata who had represented the five-member SNTV Shiga At-large district since 1986. After the party realignments of the 1990s, he like most former Democratic Socialists eventually joined the Democratic Party (Minshutō) of Japan where he became a leading figure in the Democratic Socialist faction, also often referred to as Kawabata group. In the landslide "postal election" of 2005, Kawabata lost Shiga 1st district to Liberal Democrat Ken'ichirō Ueno, but regained it in the 2009 general election that swept the Democrats to power. Kawabata became a minister of state in the Hatoyama, Kan and Noda cabinets; Ueno who failed re-election by proportional representation was a candidate in the 2010 Shiga gubernatorial race, but lost to centre-left supported incumbent Yukiko Kada. In the landslide Democratic defeat of 2012, Kawabata lost the district to Liberal Democratic former Shizuoka assemblyman Toshitaka Ōoka. Despite his comparatively narrow margin of defeat that gave him rank 4 on the DPJ list in Kinki, Kawabata also failed to win a proportional seat as the Democratic Party was reduced to fourth party (12.0%) in the Kinki proportional vote and only won three of 29 seats.

List of Representatives[edit]

Representative Party Dates Notes
Tatsuo Kawabata NFP 1996–2000 Joined Shintō Yūai ("New Fraternity Party") after the dissolution of the NFP, "New" Democratic Party in 1998
DPJ 2000–2005 Re-elected in the Kinki PR block ("loss ratio" 94.5%)
Ken'ichirō Ueno LDP 2005–2009 Failed re-election in the Kinki PR block ("loss ratio" 73.1%)
Tatsuo Kawabata DPJ 2009–2012 Failed re-election in the Kinki PR block ("loss ratio" 90.5%)
Toshitaka Ōoka LDP 2012– Incumbent

Election results[edit]

2012[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
LDP (Kōmeitō) Toshitaka Ōoka 67,259 34.9
DPJ (PNP) Tatsuo Kawabata 60,921 31.9
JRP (YP) Toshiki Okumura 43,003 22.3
JCP Michiyo Fushiki 19,643 10.2
Independent Yukimitsu Nishida 2,048 1.1
2009[3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
DPJ Tatsuo Kawabata 112,590 51.9
LDP (Kōmeitō) Ken'ichirō Ueno 82,262 37.9
JCP Takashi Kawauchi 19,920 9.2
HRP Yukinori Tainaka 2,037 0.9
Turnout 219,324 71.14
2005[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
LDP Ken'ichirō Ueno 94,671 46.1
DPJ Tatsuo Kawabata (elected by PR) 89,503 43.6
JCP Takashi Kawauchi 21,111 10.3
Turnout 207,994 69.53
2003[5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
DPJ Tatsuo Kawabata 87,857 51.0
LDP Ken'ichirō Ueno 64,002 37.2
JCP Takashi Kawauchi 20,340 11.8
Turnout 175,722 59.71
2000[6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
DPJ Tatsuo Kawabata 78,834 44.2
LDP Makoto Mekata 67,001 37.6
JCP Minoru Yoshihara 29,753 16.7
LL Yoshitaka Kurioka 2,627 1.5
1996[7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
NFP Tatsuo Kawabata 55,967 34.7
LDP Makoto Mekata (elected by PR) 53,476 33.2
DPJ Tsutomu Yamamoto (elected by PR) 28,231 17.5
JCP Toshikazu Inoue 23,590 14.6
Turnout 164,565 61.64

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ministry of general affairs: 平成24年9月2日現在選挙人名簿及び在外選挙人名簿登録者数
  2. ^ 総選挙2012>開票結果 小選挙区 滋賀. Yomiuri Shimbun (in Japanese). Retrieved 2013-03-27. 
  3. ^ 第45回衆議院議員選挙 - 滋賀1区. ザ・選挙 (in Japanese). K.K. VoiceJapan. Retrieved 2011-12-19. 
  4. ^ 第44回衆議院議員選挙 - 滋賀1区. ザ・選挙 (in Japanese). K.K. VoiceJapan. Retrieved 2011-12-19. 
  5. ^ 第43回衆議院議員選挙 - 滋賀1区. ザ・選挙 (in Japanese). K.K. VoiceJapan. Retrieved 2011-12-19. 
  6. ^ 第42回衆議院議員選挙 - 滋賀1区. ザ・選挙 (in Japanese). K.K. VoiceJapan. Retrieved 2011-12-19. 
  7. ^ 第41回衆議院議員選挙 - 滋賀1区. ザ・選挙 (in Japanese). K.K. VoiceJapan. Retrieved 2011-12-19.