Shijō Street

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View from the Shijō Karasuma intersection
Shijō Street c. 1886

Shijō Street (四条通 Shijō-dōri?) runs center of Kyoto, Japan east to west through the commercial center of the city. Shijō literally means fourth street of Heian-kyō, the ancient capital.

Along the street[edit]

Yasaka Shrine, eastern end of the street
Kyoto Marui

The eastern end of the street is Yasaka Shrine and the western end is Matsunoo Shrine. The street is particularly busy with pedestrians and traffic from the east end to Karasuma Street. The east end passes through the courtesan's district of Gion, with the historic street of Hanami Lane branching off to the south, with the famous Ichiriki Chaya at the corner. It then crosses the Kamo River at Shijō Bridge, and from there to Karasuma Street (Shijō Karasuma) the sidewalk is covered (except at major streets) and features several department stores, such as Daimaru and Marui. The center of this area is the intersection with Kawaramachi Street (Shijō Kawaramachi), a very busy shopping area.

The city of Kyoto has enforced a smoking ban on this street, on the busy section from Yasaka Shrine to Karasuma street, and in the surrounding districts.

Public transport[edit]

The street is one of trunk routes of the city bus. Beneath the street are the tracks of the Hankyu Kyoto Line railway with the stations at Kawaramachi Street (Kawaramachi Station), Karasuma Street (Karasuma Station), Ōmiya Street (Ōmiya Station) and Nishiōji Street (Saiin Station). The Keihan Main Line (Gion-Shijō Station), the Karasuma Line subway (Shijō Station), the Keifuku Arashiyama Main Line (Shijo-Omiya Station and Sai Station), the Sanin Main Line (no nearby station) and the Hankyu Arashiyama Line (Matsuo-taisha Station) are the railways crossing the street.

The Shijō Line of Kyoto City Tram operated on the street (between Gion and Shijō Ōmiya) from 1912 to 1972. The extension of the tram westward from Shijō Ōmiya was built as a trolleybus line to Nishiōji Shijō in 1932, to Umezu in 1958 (replacing existing Umezu Line tram) and to Matsuobashi in 1962. The trolleybus was discontinued in 1969.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Okinaka, Tadayori (2000). 京都市電が走った街今昔 [The Towns Where Kyoto City Tram Ran, Now and Then] (in Japanese). Tokyo: JTB. pp. 8, 151. ISBN 4-533-03421-7. 

External links[edit]

35°00′14″N 135°46′38″E / 35.003825°N 135.777222°E / 35.003825; 135.777222Coordinates: 35°00′14″N 135°46′38″E / 35.003825°N 135.777222°E / 35.003825; 135.777222 (Gion intersection, Higashioji Shijō, eastern end)