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The Shikike (式家 Ceremonials House?) was a cadet branch of the Fujiwara clan founded by Fujiwara no Umakai,[1] i.e., one the four great houses of the Fujiwara, founded by the so-called Fujiwara Four (ja), who were sons of Fujiwara no Fuhito.[2]

The name Shikike (式家?) derives from the fact that the founder Umakai held the office of Shikibu-kyō (式部卿?), or the head of the Shikibu-shō (式部省?, "Ministry of Ceremonial").[3][4] Thus Shikike may be translated the "Ceremonials House."[5]

The other branches were the Nanke (the eldest brother Muchimaro's line), Hokke (Fusasaki's line), and the Kyōke (Fujiwara no Maro's line).[3]

Umakai's son Hirotsugu (ja) mounted a rebellion named after his name in 740, which ended with suppression and his death, spelling ill-fortune for the Shikike.[6] The Nanke then gained hegemony again (back from the non-Fujiwara Tachibana no Moroe) until Nakamaro mounted his own uprising.

Shikike came into ascendancy with Fujiwara no Momokawa.[5] The notorious Fujiwara no Kusuko (ja) who enticed and held sway over Emperor Heizei is also of the Shikike clan.[7]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric et al. (2005). "Fujiwara no Umakai" at Japan Encyclopedia, p. 211, p. 211, at Google Books.
  2. ^ Naoki, Kōjirō (1993). "4. The Nara state" (preview). In Hall, John W. The Cambridge History of Japan: Ancient Japan 1 (Cambridge University Press). pp. 248–. ISBN 0521223520.  13-ISBN 9780521223522
  3. ^ a b Brinkley, p. 203., p. 203, at Google Books; excerpt, "Muchimaro's home, being in the south (nan) of the capital, was called Nan-ke; Fusazaki's, being in the north (hoku), was termed Hoku-ke; Umakai's was spoken of as Shiki-ke, since he presided over the Department of Ceremonies (Shiki), and Maro's went by the name of Kyō-ke, this term also having reference to his office."
  4. ^ Jinnō Shōtōki (14th century), under Emperor Mommu: 武笠, 三 (Mukasa, San), ed. (1914). 神皇正統記(Jinnō Shōtōki), 讀史餘論 (Tokushi yoron), 山陽史論 (Sanyō shiron) (Internet Archive). 有朋堂書店. p. 64. "三門は式部卿宇合の龍、式家といふ" 
  5. ^ a b McCullough, William H. (1999). "Chapter 2: The Capital and its Society" (preview). In Hall, John Whitney; Shively, Donald H.; McCullough, William H. The Cambridge History of Japan 2. Cambridge University Press. p. 26. ISBN 0521550289.  13-ISBN 9780521550284}
  6. ^ Nussbaum, "Fujiwara no Hirotsugu" at p. 211, p. 211, at Google Books
  7. ^ McCullough 199, pp. 33-5