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Shikoku dialect area. Orange: Kyoto-type pitch accent. Yellow: Kyushu-type.
The Shikoku dialects consists of:
- Awa AKA Tokushima dialect (Tokushima Prefecture, formerly known as Awa Province)
- Sanuki dialect (Kagawa Prefecture formerly known as Sanuki Province)
- Iyo dialect (Ehime Prefecture, formerly known as Iyo Province)
- Tosa AKA Kōchi dialect (Kōchi Prefecture, formerly known as Tosa Province)
- Hata Dialect (Hata district, westernmost of Kochi)
The Shikoku dialect has many similarities to Chūgoku dialect in grammar. Shikoku dialect uses ken for "because", and -yoru in progressive aspect and -toru or -choru in the perfect. Some people in Kōchi Prefecture use kin, kini, or ki instead of ken, -yō or -yū instead of -yoru, and -chō or -chū instead of -choru.
The largest difference between Shikoku dialect and Chūgoku dialect is in pitch accent. Many dialects in Shikoku uses Kyoto-Osaka-type accent or its variations and are similar to Kansai dialect, but Chūgoku dialect uses a Tokyo-type accent.