Shiloh, New Jersey

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Shiloh, New Jersey
Borough
Borough of Shiloh
Shiloh highlighted in Cumberland County. Inset map: Cumberland County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Shiloh highlighted in Cumberland County. Inset map: Cumberland County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Shiloh, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Shiloh, New Jersey
Coordinates: 39°27′44″N 75°17′33″W / 39.462259°N 75.29252°W / 39.462259; -75.29252Coordinates: 39°27′44″N 75°17′33″W / 39.462259°N 75.29252°W / 39.462259; -75.29252[1][2]
Country  United States of America
State  New Jersey
County Cumberland
Incorporated April 9, 1929
Government[5]
 • Type Borough
 • Mayor Harold Davis (term ends December 31, 2015)[3]
 • Clerk Ron Campbell[4]
Area[2]
 • Total 1.209 sq mi (3.129 km2)
 • Land 1.208 sq mi (3.128 km2)
 • Water 0.001 sq mi (0.002 km2)  0.05%
Area rank 485th of 566 in state
14th of 14 in county[2]
Elevation[6] 112 ft (34 m)
Population (2010 Census)[7][8][9]
 • Total 516
 • Estimate (2012[10]) 514
 • Rank 555th of 566 in state
14th of 14 in county[11]
 • Density 427.3/sq mi (165.0/km2)
 • Density rank 454th of 566 in state
4th of 14 in county[11]
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 08353[12][13]
Area code(s) 856 exchanges: 451, 455[14]
FIPS code 3401167020[15][2][16]
GNIS feature ID 0885393[17][2]
Website www.shilohborough.com

Shiloh is a borough in Cumberland County, New Jersey, United States. It is part of the Vineland-Millville- Bridgeton Primary Metropolitan Statistical Area for statistical purposes. As of the 2010 United States Census, the borough's population was 516,[7][8][9] reflecting a decline of 18 (-3.4%) from the 534 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 126 (+30.9%) from the 408 counted in the 1990 Census.[18]

Shiloh was incorporated as a borough by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on April 9, 1929, from portions of Hopewell Township and Stow Creek Township, based on the results of a referendum held on May 16, 1929.[19] It is a dry town, where alcohol cannot be sold, though alcohol is available at the winery in the borough.[20][21]

Geography[edit]

Shiloh is located at 39°27′44″N 75°17′33″W / 39.462259°N 75.29252°W / 39.462259; -75.29252 (39.462259,-75.29252). According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough had a total area of 1.209 square miles (3.129 km2), of which, 1.208 square miles (3.128 km2) of it was land and 0.001 square miles (0.002 km2) of it (0.05%) was water.[1][2]

Shiloh borders Hopewell Township and Stow Creek Township.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1930 401
1940 387 −3.5%
1950 427 10.3%
1960 554 29.7%
1970 573 3.4%
1980 604 5.4%
1990 408 −32.5%
2000 534 30.9%
2010 516 −3.4%
Est. 2012 514 [10] −0.4%
Population sources:1930-2000[22]
1930[23] 1930-1990[24]
2000[25][26] 2010[7]

Census 2010[edit]

At the 2010 United States Census, there were 516 people, 198 households, and 138 families residing in the borough. The population density was 427.3 per square mile (165.0 /km2). There were 214 housing units at an average density of 177.2 per square mile (68.4 /km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 93.80% (484) White, 1.74% (9) Black or African American, 2.33% (12) Native American, 0.19% (1) Asian, 0.00% (0) Pacific Islander, 0.58% (3) from other races, and 1.36% (7) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 4.07% (21) of the population.[7]

There were 198 households, of which 27.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.0% were married couples living together, 14.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.3% were non-families. 24.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.10.[7]

In the borough, 21.1% of the population were under the age of 18, 7.0% from 18 to 24, 26.0% from 25 to 44, 30.4% from 45 to 64, and 15.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42.0 years. For every 100 females there were 85.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.3 males.[7]

As of the 2010 United States Census, the borough's population was 516,[7][8][9] reflecting a decline of 18 (-3.4%) from the 534 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 126 (+30.9%) from the 408 counted in the 1990 Census.[27]

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $61,000 (with a margin of error of +/- $18,454) and the median family income was $63,594 (+/- $11,716). Males had a median income of $44,375 (+/- $18,670) versus $32,105 (+/- $13,923) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $23,003 (+/- $4,509). About 7.0% of families and 8.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.6% of those under age 18 and 10.7% of those age 65 or over.[28]

Census 2000[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[15] there were 534 people, 194 households, and 152 families residing in the borough. The population density was 446.7 people per square mile (171.8/km²). There were 204 housing units at an average density of 170.6 per square mile (65.6/km²). The racial makeup of the borough was 95.13% White, 2.62% African American, 0.56% Native American, 0.00% from other races, and 1.69% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.00% of the population.[25][26]

There were 194 households out of which 34.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.9% were married couples living together, 11.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 21.6% were non-families. 18.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.75 and the average family size was 3.09.[25][26]

In the borough the population was spread out with 24.5% under the age of 18, 5.8% from 18 to 24, 27.9% from 25 to 44, 26.0% from 45 to 64, and 15.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 88.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.7 males.[25][26]

The median income for a household in the borough was $49,191, and the median income for a family was $54,219. Males had a median income of $34,643 versus $20,000 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $16,880. 5.8% of the population and 4.1% of families were below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 4.5% are under the age of 18 and 0.0% are 65 or older.[25][26]

Government[edit]

Local government[edit]

Shiloh is governed under the Borough form of New Jersey municipal government. The governing body consists of a Mayor and a Borough Council comprising six council members, with all positions elected at-large on a partisan basis as part of the November general election. A Mayor is elected directly by the voters to a four-year term of office. The Borough Council consists of six members elected to serve three-year terms on a staggered basis, with two seats coming up for election each year in a three-year cycle.[5]

As of 2013, the Mayor of Shiloh is Harold Davis, whose term of office ends December 31, 2015. Members of the Borough Council are Council President Dallas Bruso (2015), Dustin Ayars (2013), Brad Campbell (2014), Carman Daddario (2014), Everett Newkirk, Jr. (2013) and Glenn Newkirk (2015).[4][29][30][31]

Federal, state and county representation[edit]

Shiloh is located in the 2nd Congressional District[32] and is part of New Jersey's 1st state legislative district.[8][33][34] Prior to the 2011 reapportionment following the 2010 Census, Shiloh had been in the 3rd state legislative district.[35]

New Jersey's Second Congressional District is represented by Frank LoBiondo (R, Ventnor City).[36] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark; took office on October 31, 2013, after winning a special election to fill the seat of Frank Lautenberg)[37][38] and Bob Menendez (D, North Bergen).[39][40]

The 1st Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Jeff Van Drew (D, Dennis Township) and in the General Assembly by Bob Andrzejczak (D, Middle Township) and Sam Fiocchi (R, Vineland).[41] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township).[42] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).[43]

Cumberland County is governed by a seven-member Board of Chosen Freeholders, who are elected at-large in partisan elections to serve staggered three-year terms in office, with two or three seats coming up for election each year. At an annual reorganization meeting held each January, the freeholders select one member to serve as Freeholder Director and another as Deputy Director.[44][45] As of 2014, Cumberland County's Freeholders (with committee liaison assignments, political party, residence and term-end dates listed in parentheses) are Freeholder Director Joseph Derella (Administration / Public Safety; D, Millville, term ends December 31, 2015),[46] Freeholder Deputy Director Douglas M. Long (NA; D, Upper Deerfield Township, 2015),[47] Darlene Barber (Education; D, 2016, Upper Deerfield Township),[48] Carol Musso (Community Services; D, Deerfield Township, 2014),[49] James Sauro (Agriculture; R, Vineland, 2014),[50] Thomas Sheppard (Health; R, Lawrence Township, 2016)[51] and Tony Surace (Public Works; D, Millville, 2014).[52][53][54][55] The county's constitutional officers are County Clerk Gloria Noto (Vineland, 2014),[56] Sheriff Robert A. Austino (Vineland, 2014)[57] and Surrogate Douglas M. Rainear (Bridgeton, 2018).[58]

Politics[edit]

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 374 registered voters in Shiloh, of which 80 (21.4%) were registered as Democrats, 117 (31.3%) were registered as Republicans and 176 (47.1%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There was one voter registered to another party.[59]

In the 2008 presidential election, Republican John McCain received 57.1% of the vote here (160 cast), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama, who received 40.4% (113 votes), with 280 ballots cast among the borough's 371 registered voters, for a turnout of 75.5%.[60] In the 2004 presidential election, Republican George W. Bush received 66.8% of the vote here (183 ballots cast), outpolling Democrat John Kerry, who received around 33.6% (92 votes), with 274 ballots cast among the borough's 352 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 77.8.[61]

In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 56.5% of the vote here (109 ballots cast), ahead of both Democrat Jon Corzine with 32.6% (63 votes) and Independent Chris Daggett with 6.7% (13 votes), with 193 ballots cast among the borough's 378 registered voters, yielding a 51.1% turnout.[62]

Education[edit]

The Shiloh School was closed after the end of the 2006-07 school year, and all public school students in Kindergarten through eighth grade now attend Hopewell Crest School as part of a sending/receiving relationship with the Hopewell Township School District.[29][63]

For ninth through twelfth grades, students in public school attend Cumberland Regional High School, which also serves students from Deerfield Township, Fairfield Township, Greenwich Township, Hopewell Township, Stow Creek Township and Upper Deerfield Township.[64][65] The school is located in the Rosenhayn section of Deerfield Township.

History[edit]

The settlement of Shiloh was founded in 1705 by Robert Ayars. He brought over 2,000 people from Rhode Island to be free of religious persecution.[66][67]

Transportation[edit]

The borough had a total of 5.84 miles (9.40 km) of roadways, of which 1.54 miles (2.48 km) are maintained by the municipality, 3.17 miles (5.10 km) by Cumberland County and 1.13 miles (1.82 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.[68]

Route 49 (Shiloh Pike) traverses the borough from north to south, connecting Hopewell Township on one side and Stow Creek Township on the other.[69]

Wineries[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f Gazetteer of New Jersey Places, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 14, 2013.
  3. ^ 2013 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed May 13, 2013.
  4. ^ a b Borough of Shiloh, Cumberland Development Corporation. Accessed July 20, 2013.
  5. ^ a b 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 19.
  6. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Borough of Shiloh, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 14, 2013.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Shiloh borough, Cumberland County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed October 24, 2012.
  8. ^ a b c d Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 1. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  9. ^ a b c Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Shiloh borough, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed October 24, 2012.
  10. ^ a b PEPANNRES - Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012 - 2012 Population Estimates for New Jersey municipalities, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 7, 2013.
  11. ^ a b GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed October 24, 2012.
  12. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Shiloh, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed October 24, 2012.
  13. ^ Zip Codes, State of New Jersey. Accessed August 29, 2013.
  14. ^ Area Code Lookup - NPA NXX for Shiloh, NJ, Area-Codes.com. Accessed August 29, 2013.
  15. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  16. ^ A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed October 24, 2012.
  17. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  18. ^ Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed July 20, 2013.
  19. ^ Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 121. Accessed October 23, 2012.
  20. ^ New Jersey Division of Alcoholic Beverage Control. New Jersey ABC list of dry towns (May 1, 2013)
  21. ^ Giordano, Rita. "More towns catching liquor-license buzz; Moorestown considers ending its dry spell", The Philadelphia Inquirer, June 24, 2007. Accessed February 16, 2014.
  22. ^ Barnett, Bob. Population Data for Cumberland County Municipalities, 1810 - 2010, WestJersey.org. January 6, 2011. Accessed October 24, 2012.
  23. ^ Fifteenth Census of the United States : 1930 - Population Volume I, United States Census Bureau, p. 715. Accessed October 24, 2012.
  24. ^ New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 - 1990, Workforce New Jersey Public Information Network. Accessed October 24, 2012.
  25. ^ a b c d e Census 2000 Profiles of Demographic / Social / Economic / Housing Characteristics for Shiloh borough, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed October 24, 2012.
  26. ^ a b c d e DP-1: Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 - Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Shiloh borough, Cumberland County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed October 24, 2012.
  27. ^ Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed October 24, 2012.
  28. ^ DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics from the 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for Shiloh borough, Cumberland County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed October 24, 2012.
  29. ^ a b Schools, Borough of Shiloh. Accessed November 5, 2013.
  30. ^ Mayor and Borough Council, Borough of Shiloh. Accessed November 5, 2013.
  31. ^ 2012 Municipal Data Sheet, Borough of Shiloh. Accessed November 5, 2013.
  32. ^ Plan Components Report, New Jersey Redistricting Commission, December 23, 2011. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  33. ^ 2012 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, p. 64, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  34. ^ Districts by Number for 2011-2020, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  35. ^ 2011 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, p. 64, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  36. ^ Directory of Representatives: New Jersey, United States House of Representatives. Accessed January 5, 2012.
  37. ^ Cory A. Booker, United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013.
  38. ^ Nutt, Amy Ellis (October 31, 2013). "Booker is officially a U.S. senator after being sworn in". NJ.com/Associated Press. Accessed October 31, 2013.
  39. ^ Biography of Bob Menendez, United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013. "He currently lives in North Bergen and has two children, Alicia and Robert."
  40. ^ Senators of the 113th Congress from New Jersey. United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013.
  41. ^ Legislative Roster 2014-2015 Session, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 14, 2014.
  42. ^ "About the Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  43. ^ "About the Lieutenant Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  44. ^ What is a County Freeholder?, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014. "Freeholders are elected at-large and serve three year staggered terms. Each January, the Board reorganizes and selects its leadership."
  45. ^ About Cumberland County Government, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014. "By law, Cumberland County is allowed 7 freeholders, who serve staggered, overlapping three year terms. Two are elected in two successive years, three in the third year, elected from the county at-large. A Director of the Board is selected by his colleagues for a one year term."
  46. ^ Joseph Derella, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  47. ^ Douglas Long, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  48. ^ Darlene Barber, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  49. ^ Carol Musso, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  50. ^ James R. Sauro, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  51. ^ Thomas Sheppard, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  52. ^ Tony Surace, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  53. ^ County Freeholders, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  54. ^ 2014 County Data Sheet, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  55. ^ Marko, Deborah M.; and Kov, Daniel. "GOP keeps two seats on freeholder boardRainear re-elected as surrogate; Mercado ousted", The Daily Journal (New Jersey), November 6, 2013. Accessed July 28, 2014. "GOP candidate Tom Sheppard wins a three-year seat. His running mate, James Sauro, wins a one-year seat. The pair will be the only GOP representatives on the seven-member freeholder board. Darlene Barber, a Democrat in her first race, won the other three-year freeholder seat that was available.... In the surrogate race, incumbent Democrat Douglas Rainear defeated Republican newcomer Timothy Codispoti."
  56. ^ Cumberland County Clerk's Office, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  57. ^ Cumberland County Sheriff's Department, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  58. ^ Cumberland County Surrogate Office, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014. As of date accessed, a 2013 term-end year is listed incorrectly.
  59. ^ Voter Registration Summary - Cumberland, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, March 23, 2011. Accessed October 24, 2012.
  60. ^ 2008 Presidential General Election Results: Cumberland County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 23, 2008. Accessed October 24, 2012.
  61. ^ 2004 Presidential Election: Cumberland County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 13, 2004. Accessed October 24, 2012.
  62. ^ 2009 Governor: Cumberland County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 31, 2009. Accessed October 24, 2012.
  63. ^ Walsh, Daniel. "Shiloh School to close for good", Press of Atlantic City, November 30, 2006. Accessed June 8, 2008. "Shiloh's school board voted to send all of the borough's students to Hopewell Township next year as part of a one-year interlocal agreement."
  64. ^ About Us, Cumberland Regional High School. Accessed October 24, 2012. "The Cumberland Regional High School is carved out of the northwest section of Cumberland County, New Jersey. Seven municipalities whose boundaries are the same as the school districts in them, are served by the school. Districts include (1) Deerfield Township, (2) Fairfield Township, (3) Greenwich Township, (4) Hopewell Township, (5) Shiloh Borough, (6) Stow Creek Township, and (7) Upper Deerfield Township."
  65. ^ Cumberland Regional School District 2013 Report Card Narrative, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed November 5, 2013. "The Cumberland Regional School District, located in Western Cumberland County provides students with a comprehensive learning environment in a nurturing and personalized setting. The district serves students in grades 9 – 12 who reside in Deerfield, Fairfield, Greenwich & Stow Creek, Hopewell & Shiloh, and Upper Deerfield Townships."
  66. ^ Sources on the Life of Robert Ayars, accessed March 13, 2007
  67. ^ County's Towns Are What Makes the Region Tick, Cumberland County, New Jersey, United States. Accessed March 13, 2007.
  68. ^ Cumberland County Mileage by Municipality and Jurisdiction, New Jersey Department of Transportation, May 2010. Accessed November 5, 2013.
  69. ^ Route 49 Straight Line Diagram, New Jersey Department of Transportation, January 2009. Accessed November 5, 2013.

External links[edit]