Shiloh, Illinois

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Coordinates: 38°33′N 89°55′W / 38.550°N 89.917°W / 38.550; -89.917
Village of Shiloh
Village
Motto: "The Place To Be"
Country United States
State Illinois
County St. Clair
Coordinates 38°33′N 89°55′W / 38.550°N 89.917°W / 38.550; -89.917
Area 10.96 sq mi (28.39 km2)
 - land 10.86 sq mi (28 km2)
 - water 0.09 sq mi (0 km2), 0.82%
Population 7,643 (2000)
Density 760.2 / sq mi (293.5 / km2)
Mayor James A. Vernier II
Timezone CST (UTC-6)
 - summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
Location of Shiloh within Illinois
Location of Illinois in the United States
Website: http://www.shilohil.org/

Shiloh is a village in St. Clair County, Illinois, United States. A 2005 census recorded a population of 11,000.

History[edit]

A site known as "Three Springs" for its geological characteristics hosted an 11-day revival camp meeting in April 1807, which was the first in St. Clair County and possibly the second in Illinois Country, which was then part of Indiana Territory. It was organized by the Rev. William McKendree, Presiding Elder of the Western Conference and 4th Bishop of the Methodist Episcopal Church.

This assembly inspired construction of the log Shiloh Meeting House on the site shortly afterward, being the first Methodist church in the county and second in the Illinois Country. This meeting house came to be the longest-organized United Methodist church in the state of Illinois,[1] bequeathing its name to the village and township which grew up around it. Three members of this church[2] played significant roles in state government in the effort to prevent slaveholding from gaining a foothold in Illinois.[3]

Geography[edit]

Shiloh is located at 38°33′N 89°55′W / 38.550°N 89.917°W / 38.550; -89.917 (38.5501, -89.9149).[4]

According to the 2010 census, the village has a total area of 10.96 square miles (28.4 km2), of which 10.86 square miles (28.1 km2) (or 99.09%) is land and 0.09 square miles (0.23 km2) (or 0.82%) is water.[5]

Shiloh is the site of Scott Air Force Base and is also the present eastern terminus of the Saint Louis area electric interurban Metrolink Red Line.

Demographics[edit]

As of the census[6] of 2000, there were 7,643 people, 2,778 households, and 2,080 families residing in the village. The population density was 760.2 people per square mile (293.6/km²). There were 2,928 housing units at an average density of 291.2 per square mile (112.5/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 82.14% White, 13.32% African American, 0.27% Native American, 1.79% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 0.75% from other races, and 1.65% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.62% of the population.

There were 2,778 households out of which 40.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.8% were married couples living together, 10.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.1% were non-families. 20.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.63 and the average family size was 3.05.

In the village the population was spread out with 27.7% under the age of 18, 10.7% from 18 to 24, 34.6% from 25 to 44, 20.4% from 45 to 64, and 6.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 102.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.0 males.

The median income for a household in the village was $57,692, and the median income for a family was $67,054. Males had a median income of $42,083 versus $30,843 for females. The per capita income for the village was $25,550. About 6.1% of families and 7.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.1% of those under age 18 and 1.6% of those age 65 or over.

Life in Shiloh[edit]

A special annual event for residents of Shiloh is the Shiloh Homecoming. The Homecoming is a two-day celebration with various amusements and rides, held the first Friday and Saturday after Labor Day every year. The end of the Friday celebration is marked by a fireworks display.[7]

At the entrance of the Shiloh Park and Police Station is a September 11 memorial. This monument tells of the many different people and professions that helped in the aftermath of the tragic attacks on September 11, 2001. It is a memorial of those who were born to live, lived to help, and helped to live.

School[edit]

The Shiloh School District 85 consists of two schools. Most children attend Shiloh Elementary and Shiloh Middle School, both public schools. Shiloh students attend O'Fallon Township High School, District 203. Students west of Greenmount Road attend Whiteside Elementary School and attend Belleville Township High School East.

Notable people[edit]

  • Mary Wickes, actress is interred at Shiloh Valley Cemetery.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "History of Shiloh UMC". Shiloh United Methodist Church. Retrieved 2013-05-08. 
  2. ^ Risdon Moore, Jacob Ogle (son of Joseph Ogle, a church Trustee), and Andrew Bankson (nephew of Silas Bankson, another Trustee): Clarence Edwin Carter, Ed., Territorial Papers of the United States, Vol. XVI (Washington: U.S. Govt. Printing Ofc.; 1948), p. 392
  3. ^ E.B. Washburne, Sketch of Edward Coles (Chicago: Jansen, McClurg & Co.; 1882), pp. 104-108
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ "2010 Census U.S. Gazetteer Files for Places – Illinois". United States Census. Retrieved 2012-10-13. 
  6. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  7. ^ http://www.shilohil.org/annual.htm

External links[edit]