The Shimada (島田) is a women's hairstyle in Japan, similar to a chignon. Its modern usage is mainly limited to geisha, but during the Edo period it was also worn by ordinary girls in their late teens. Generally the hair is gathered together at the crown of the head and a small portion of the bun is sectioned off to point outward.
There are four major types of the shimada:
- Taka Shimada, a high chignon (a kind of knot of hair), usually worn by young, single women
- Tsubushi shimada, a more flattened chignon generally worn by older women
- Uiwata, a chignon that is usually bound up with a piece of color cotton crepe
- Momoware, a style that ends up looking like a divided peach, typically worn by maiko
Asano, Tamaki (1990). "Women's Hairdressing". In Dr. Junichi Saga. Memories of Silk and Straw: a Self-Portrait of Small-Town Japan. translated by Garry O. Evans (1st paperback ed. ed.). Tokyo: Kodansha International. pp. 150–154. ISBN 0-87011-988-5.
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