The Shimada (島田) is a women's hairstyle in Japan, similar to a chignon. Its modern usage is mainly limited to geisha (wearing it as a wig), but during the Edo period it was also worn by ordinary girls in their late teens. Generally the hair is gathered together at the crown of the head and a small portion of the bun is sectioned off to point outward.
There are four major types of the shimada:
- Taka Shimada, a high chignon (a kind of knot of hair), usually worn by young, single women
- Tsubushi shimada, a more flattened chignon generally worn by older women
- Uiwata, a chignon that is usually bound up with a piece of color cotton crepe
- Momoware, a style that ends up looking like a divided peach, typically worn by maiko
Asano, Tamaki (1990). "Women's Hairdressing". In Dr. Junichi Saga. Memories of Silk and Straw: a Self-Portrait of Small-Town Japan. translated by Garry O. Evans (1st paperback ed. ed.). Tokyo: Kodansha International. pp. 150–154. ISBN 0-87011-988-5.
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