Shimanovsk

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Shimanovsk (English)
Шимановск (Russian)
-  Town[1]  -
Shimanovsk is located in Amur Oblast
Shimanovsk
Shimanovsk
Location of Shimanovsk in Amur Oblast
Coordinates: 52°00′N 127°42′E / 52.000°N 127.700°E / 52.000; 127.700Coordinates: 52°00′N 127°42′E / 52.000°N 127.700°E / 52.000; 127.700
Shimanov.gif
Coat of arms
Administrative status (as of December 2008)
Country Russia
Federal subject Amur Oblast[1]
Administratively subordinated to Shimanovsk Urban Okrug[1]
Administrative center of Shimanovsk Urban Okrug,[1] Shimanovsky District[1][2]
Municipal status (as of November 2004)
Urban okrug Shimanovsk Urban Okrug[3]
Administrative center of Shimanovsk Urban Okrug,[3] Shimanovsky Municipal District[2]
Head[citation needed] Nikolay Dontsov[citation needed]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 19,815 inhabitants[4]
Time zone YAKT (UTC+10:00)[5]
Founded 1910[citation needed]
Town status since 1950[citation needed]
Dialing code(s) +7 41651[citation needed]

Shimanovsk (Russian: Шима́новск) is a town in Amur Oblast, Russia, located on the Bolshaya Pyora River (a right-hand tributary of the Zeya), 250 kilometers (160 mi) northwest of Blagoveshchensk. Population: 19,815 (2010 Census);[4] 22,267 (2002 Census);[6] 26,274 (1989 Census).[7]

History[edit]

It was founded in conjunction with the construction of the Amur railway in 1910, originally named Pyora after the river on which it stands.[citation needed] It was renamed Gondatti in 1914 in honor of the then-governor of Amur Oblast, Nikolay Gondatti. In 1920, it was renamed Vladimiro-Shimanovsky after Vladimir Shimanovsky, a railway engineer and member of the Red Army who was shot dead in Blagoveshchensk during the Russian Civil War. It was granted town status and its name shortened to Shimanovsk in 1950.[citation needed]

During the construction of the Baikal-Amur Mainline in the 1970s, Shimanovsk saw new growth as a center for production of construction materials.

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Shimanovsk serves as the administrative center of Shimanovsky District,[2] even though it is not a part of it.[1] As an administrative division, it is incorporated separately as Shimanovsk Urban Okrug—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts.[1] As a municipal division, this administrative unit also has urban okrug status.[3]

Economy[edit]

The town's primary industries are production of heavy machinery and building materials. Kranspetsburmash corporation produces cranes and drilling equipment in Shimanovsk.

Transportation[edit]

The town has a railway station (Shimanovskaya) on the Trans-Siberian Railway. The Shimanovsk Airport is situated 4 kilometers (2.5 mi) southwest of the town.

Climate[edit]

Monsoon influenced humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification Dwb). The average January temperature is −25.6 °C (−14.1 °F). The absolute minimum observed was −49.0 °C (−56.2 °F). Average July temperature is +20.1 °C (68.2 °F).

During the transition period (April-May) occasionally observed strong winds of up to 20 m / s. In winter, the wind is weak. The average annual background atmospheric pressure above normal, humidity 50-60%, during the year there is not less than 310 days of sunshine.

Climate data for Shimanovsk
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) −1.0
(30.2)
2.7
(36.9)
17.0
(62.6)
26.7
(80.1)
34.0
(93.2)
39.1
(102.4)
37.4
(99.3)
35.0
(95)
32.6
(90.7)
27.4
(81.3)
11.0
(51.8)
0.0
(32)
39.1
(102.4)
Average high °C (°F) −18.5
(−1.3)
−12.8
(9)
−3.8
(25.2)
7.8
(46)
17.0
(62.6)
23.9
(75)
25.9
(78.6)
23.3
(73.9)
16.6
(61.9)
6.1
(43)
−8.6
(16.5)
−17.8
(0)
5.0
(41)
Daily mean °C (°F) −25.6
(−14.1)
−20.6
(−5.1)
−10.5
(13.1)
2.0
(35.6)
10.4
(50.7)
17.5
(63.5)
20.1
(68.2)
17.4
(63.3)
10.0
(50)
−0.3
(31.5)
−14.7
(5.5)
−24.1
(−11.4)
−1.5
(29.3)
Average low °C (°F) −32.5
(−26.5)
−28.9
(−20)
−19.4
(−2.9)
−5.4
(22.3)
2.2
(36)
9.2
(48.6)
13.2
(55.8)
10.6
(51.1)
2.8
(37)
−7.2
(19)
−21.4
(−6.5)
−30.4
(−22.7)
−8.9
(16)
Record low °C (°F) −49
(−56)
−46.1
(−51)
−37.2
(−35)
−23.9
(−11)
−8.5
(16.7)
−2.0
(28.4)
1.2
(34.2)
−0.5
(31.1)
−10
(14)
−24
(−11)
−37.7
(−35.9)
−48.9
(−56)
−49
(−56)
Precipitation mm (inches) 6.3
(0.248)
8.3
(0.327)
10.2
(0.402)
28.8
(1.134)
38.4
(1.512)
78.6
(3.094)
125.9
(4.957)
84.0
(3.307)
62.7
(2.469)
24.9
(0.98)
17.1
(0.673)
10.7
(0.421)
495.9
(19.524)
 % humidity 74.2 69.4 64.1 57.5 60.3 68.5 78.0 78.8 72.7 66.1 74.4 75.1 69.9
Source: climatebase.ru [8]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Law #127-OZ
  2. ^ a b c Law #12-OZ
  3. ^ a b c Law #374-OZ
  4. ^ a b "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  5. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  6. ^ "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. May 21, 2004. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  7. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров." [All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989) (in Russian). Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  8. ^ "Climatebase.ru - Simanovsk, Russia". 2011.  Retrieved on November 24, 2011.

Sources[edit]

  • Амурский областной Совет народных депутатов. Закон №127-ОЗ от 23 декабря 2005 г. «О порядке решения вопросов административно-территориального устройства Амурской области», в ред. Закона №272-ОЗ от 11 ноября 2013 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Амурской области "О порядке решения вопросов административно-территориального устройства Амурской области"». Вступил в силу со дня первого официального опубликования, за исключением подпункта "б" пункта 2 статьи 7, вступающего в силу с 1 января 2006 г. Опубликован: "Амурская правда", №11, 24 января 2006 г. (Amur Oblast Council of People's Deputies. Law #127-OZ of December 23, 2005 On the Procedures of Handling the Issues of the Administrative and Territorial Structure of Amur Oblast, as amended by the Law #272-OZ of November 11, 2013 On Amending the Law of Amur Oblast "On the Procedures of Handling the Issues of the Administrative and Territorial Structure of Amur Oblast". Effective as of the day of the first official publication, with the exception of subitem "b" of item 2 of Article 7, which is effective January 1, 2006.).
  • Амурский областной Совет народных депутатов. Закон №374-ОЗ от 22 ноября 2004 г. «О наделении муниципального образования города Шимановска статусом городского округа и об установлении его границ». Вступил в силу со дня первого официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Амурская правда", №326–327, 24 ноября 2004 г. (Amur Oblast Council of People's Deputies. Law #374-OZ of November 22, 2004 On Granting the Municipal Formation of the Town of Shimanovsk the Urban Okrug Status and on Establishing Its Borders. Effective as of the day of the first official publication.).
  • Амурский областной Совет народных депутатов. Закон №12-ОЗ от 20 июня 2005 г. «Об установлении границ и наделении соответствующим статусом муниципального образования Шимановского района и муниципальных образований в его составе», в ред. Закона №48-ОЗ от 4 июня 2012 г. «Об объединении Новогеоргиевского, Актайского и Свободнотрудского сельсоветов в Шимановском районе и внесении изменений в Закон Амурской области "Об установлении границ и наделении соответствующим статусом муниципального образования Шимановского района и муниципальных образований в его составе"». Вступил в силу со дня первого официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Амурская правда", №125, 28 июня 2005 г. (Amur Oblast Council of People's Deputies. Law #12-OZ of June 20, 2005 On Establishing the Borders of and Granting a Corresponding Municipal Formation Status to Shimanovsky District and to the Municipal Formations It Comprises, as amended by the Law #48-OZ of June 4, 2012 On the Merger of Novogeorgiyevsky, Aktaysky, and Svobodnotrudsky Selsoviets in Shimanovsky District and on Amending the Law of Amur Oblast "On Establishing the Borders of and Granting a Corresponding Municipal Formation Status to Shimanovsky District and to the Municipal Formations It Comprises". Effective as of the date of the first official publication.).