The Fugueijiao Lighthouse at Taiwan's northernmost point
Location of Shimen in New Taipei City
|Country||Republic of China|
|Special municipality||New Taipei City|
|• Mayor||Wu Zong-ren (巫忠仁)|
|• Total||51.26 km2 (19.79 sq mi)|
|Population (January 2014)|
|Time zone||CST (UTC+8)|
|Literal meaning||Stone Gate|
Shimen District (Chinese: 石門區; pinyin: Shímén Qū) is a sparsely populated rural district in the northern part of New Taipei City in northern Republic of China (Taiwan). It is part of the north coast scenic area and includes Taiwan's northernmost point, Cape Fugui.
While known to earlier explorers, including the Dutch, the area was first explicitly mentioned in Chinese annals in 1694 as Shimenshan (石門山; Stone Gate Mountain). During the period of Imperial Japanese rule, Shimen was called Sekimon Village (石門庄), and was governed by the Tamsui district (淡水郡) of the Taihoku Prefecture. In 1945 when the Kuomintang took over administration of Taiwan the area became Shimen Rural Township, a part of Taipei County. With the reorganization of Taipei County in 2010, Shimen became a district of the newly created New Taipei City.
The interior of Shimen is predominantly mountainous, with small areas of flat land on the coast. The district is bordered to the north by the East China Sea, to the southwest by Sanzhi District, and to the southeast by Jinshan District.
Shimen is part of New Taipei City, a special municipality under the Republic of China government. The district itself is divided into nine villages: Shanxi (山溪里), Shimen (石門里), Laomei (老梅里), Jianlu (尖鹿里), Maolin (茂林里), Caoli (草里里), Qianhua (乾華里), Fuji (富基里), and Demao (德茂里).
Tourism is a major contributor to the economy of Shimen, which also produces a number of agricultural goods including mandarins peanuts, and tea.
Shimen has one junior high school, Shimen Junior High, and three elementary schools; Shimen, Laomei and Qianhua.
The main road route through the district is the Provincial Highway No. 2. It is also served by a number of other county-level roads. There is no rail transportation in the district.