Statue of Keladi Shivappa Nayaka
|• Total||50 km2 (20 sq mi)|
|Elevation||569 m (1,867 ft)|
|Population (2011 census)|
|• Density||6,500/km2 (17,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|PIN||577201 - 577205|
|Vehicle registration||KA 14|
Shimoga (also called Shivamogga in Kannada) is a city in Shimoga District in the central part of the state of Karnataka, India. It lies on the banks of the Tunga River and is the administrative headquarters of the Shimoga district. The city is popularly called "The Gateway of Malnad".
The city is 569 m above sea level and is surrounded by lush green paddy fields, arecanut and coconut groves. Being the gateway for the hilly region of the Western Ghats, the city is popularly known as Capital of Malnad. The population of Shimoga city is 322,428, consisting of 161,978 males and 160,450 females, as per 2011 census.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Climate
- 4 Education
- 5 Arts
- 6 Shimoga-Bhadravathi twin cities
- 7 Demographics
- 8 Industries
- 9 Transportation
- 10 Places of importance in Shimoga
- 11 Notable persons from Shimoga
- 12 Gallery
- 13 See also
- 14 References
- 15 External links
The name of the city is derived from the term "Shiva-Moga", "Moga in Kannada means Face hence meaning Face of Shiva". An alternative etymology is that the name is derived from the term "Sihi-Mogge", meaning "sweet pot". The district formed the southern tip of Emperor Ashoka's Mauryan Empire in the third century BC. It was ruled during later centuries by the Kadambas (4th century), Chalukyas (6th century), Gangas, Rashtrakutas (8th century), Hoysalas (11th century), and the Vijayanagara rulers (15th century). The city got an independent identity under the Keladi Nayaka rule during the 16th century, reaching its pinnacle under the rule of Shivappa Nayaka. From the late 17th century onwards, the city was a part of the Kingdom of Mysore until the independence of India in 1947, when Mysore merged into the Republic of India.
On 1 November 2006, the government of Karnataka announced the renaming of Shimoga to "Shivamogga", along with nine other cities in the state, but the renaming is yet to get approval from the Central Government.
According to the Shimoga City Municipal Corporation, the city has a total area of about 50 km2 (19 sq mi). The climate is tropical wet and dry (Köppen climate classification) summer average temperature 20–35 °C (68–95 °F). This means that the winter and the early part of summer are typically dry periods. The majority of the rainfall occurs between June and early October. Shimoga is a part of a region known as Malnad (land of hills) in Karnataka. Most/all these hills are part of the Western Ghats, a region known for plentiful rainfall and lush greenery and declared during 2012 as a World Heritage site.
In Karnataka Budget 2013-14, Shimoga City Municipal Council upgraded to City Corporation.
The City Municipal Councils of Tumkur, Shimoga and Bijapur upgraded to city corporations.
The presidents and vice-presidents of the City Municipal Councils (CMCs) of Shimoga, Tumkur and Bijapur, which have been upgraded as corporations, will don the role of mayor and deputy mayor and the members will become corporators.
The State government on Friday 20 December 2013 gazetted the notification upgrading three CMCs as corporations. The State Cabinet in September this year had given its nod for giving the three CMCs the status of corporations as their population has crossed the three-lakh mark as per the 2011 census.
The government is likely to grant Rs 100 crore each for the development of these corporations.
With the upgrading of the CMCs, the total number of corporations in the State will rise to 11. The others are: Bangalore, Mysore, Mangalore, Gulbarga, Hubli-Dharwad, Belgaum, Davangere and Bellary.
|Climate data for Shimoga|
|Average high °C (°F)||28
|Average low °C (°F)||16
|Precipitation mm (inches)||3
|Source: Shimoga Weather|
In summer (April–May), temperature crosses 36 °C at Shimoga.
Shimoga is an important center for high school and pre-university education (classes 11th and 12th) in Karnataka, along with many other major cities in Karnataka. Bhadravathi is also a major education centre of the district. Notable institutes in Shimoga for pre-university (PU) education include: Sri Aurobindo Pre-University (Ind.) college, PACE Ultra Modern PU College, Acharya PU College (Nandana Education Trust ), Vidya Bharathi PU College, National College,JPN High School, Vidyanikethan College, Sacred Heart, Adichunchangiri P.U. College, DVS P.U. Independent college, DVS Composite College, PES P.U. College. The city gains its importance in part because of lack of good institutes in other parts of the district.
Government High School is the oldest education institution in Shimoga. It was started by the British in 1853. Some other schools include Enchara, Jnanadeepa, Saandeepani, Vikasa, National Public School, Swami Vivekananda, Oxford, Adi Chunchanagiri, PES, Sarvodaya, Mary Immaculate, Vasavi, Sanjos, RC School (Roman Cartolic School), Sacred Heart, Loyola, Ramakrishna, Rotary, Educare, Mahaveer, DVS.
Shimoga Institute of Medical Sciences is the medical sciences college at Shimoga and managed by Government Departments. Subbaiah Institute of Medical Sciences is located at Purle. Sharavathi Dental College is also located in Shimoga. Shimoga also has two engineering colleges, Jawaharlal Nehru National College of Engineering and PES Institute of Technology and Management. Sahyadri College for Science, Commerce and Arts is one of the oldest in Karnataka, run by the Government. Tegginamath Arts Education Society Ayurvedic medical is located in Nidige. There is a veterinary college, which is one among the 4 colleges present in Karnataka.
"Kuvempu Rangamandira" and "Karnataka Sangha" are the major venues of the city for cultural activities.
Yakshagana, a dance drama, is popular in Thirthahalli, Hosanagara, Sagar, and Sorab Taluks of the district and this art is also performed in Shimoga. There are some professional and amateur troupes from Malnad region, performing this dance drama across Karnataka.
Shimoga-Bhadravathi twin cities
Bhadravathi is 20 km from Shimoga and a four-lane road connects the twin cities. Both are well connected by Road and Rail.There is a 20-year-old plan to make Shimoga and Bhadravathi twin cities and to establish Shimoga-Bhadravathi Mahanagara Palike and thereby develop both cities. Bhadravathi can be called as industrial town and factories like Visvesvaraya Iron and Steel Limited, Mysore Paper Mills etc. are located in Bhadravathi. Bhadravathi-Shimoga Industrial area, established at Machenahalli, in between the twin cities hosts several Industries. Companies like Xchanging have opened their units in Shimoga.
The population of Shimoga is 322,428, consisting of 161,978 males and 160,450 females, as per 2011 census. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Shimoga has an average literacy rate of 88.02%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 91.32%, and female literacy is 84.70%.Total children (0-6) in Shimoga city are 31,626 as per figure from Census India report on 2011. There were 16,130 boys while 15,496 are girls. Child sex ratio of girls is 961 per 1000 boys.
Kannada is widely spoken in the city. Hindi, Urdu, Tamil,Marwari languages are spoken by certain sections of the people.
Industries like Pearlite Industries, Malnad Alloys, Shanthala Sperocast, Perfect Alloys, are some foundries manufacture quality castings, supply to major Original Manufacturers in India and also exporting their products to many countries and several other Industries are located in Shimoga. APMC of Shimoga is main marketing point of arecanut, the major commercial crop grown in the district and well as in neighbouring districts like Uttara Kannada. Shimoga has the biggest areca nut market, and known for procuring high quality areca nuts. Other agricultural produces like rice, chili, coconut etc. are also marketed in APMC.
From the state capital Bangalore, Shivamogga can be reached on road by on NH-206. (via Tumkur, Arsikere, Banavara, Kadur, Birur, Tarikere, and Bhadravathi.) KSRTC, the Karnataka State Road Transport Corporation, runs several buses from Bangalore,including Hitech and night services. Shimoga is around 274 km (170 mi) by road from Bangalore. From coastal side, Shimoga is accessible by bus or car. This route passes through Agumbe Ghat or Balebare Ghat roads. Mangalore,Sringeri,Dharmastala, Udupi, Hubli are connected by Road to this city. Shimoga is better connected with roads from all directions and as such, it is an important bus junction.
Shimoga Bus Terminal
The new bus station is spacious and can cater to 882 departures per day and it is one of the biggest bus terminals in the state. It offers facilities like parking bays, waiting lounges, restaurants, etc. This terminal, spread over five acres, has police outpost, computerized reservation counter and waiting rooms.
Shimoga Town has a railway station, and there are trains that run to and from Bangalore and Mysore. Direct trains to Shimoga from other parts of India are non-existent. Birur Junction, which is well-connected to most parts of India by rail (especially from Mumbai), is approximately 51 kilometres (30 mi) from Shimoga and can be used as an alternative. The most popular trains from Shivamogga to Bangalore are the Shimoga Express and the Inter City Express Connection train. Intercity train has been introduced between Mysore and Talaguppa via Sagar city (about 98 km or 61 mi from Shimoga and about 12 km or 7.5 mi from famous Jog Falls).
Places of importance in Shimoga
- Shivappa Nayaka's palace is located within the city.
- Gajanur dam lies 15 km or 9 mi to the southwest.
- Koodli lies 15 km away and is the place where the Tungaa and Bhadraa rivers meet and flow together as Tungebhadraa.
- Tyavarekoppa Lion and Tiger Safari lies 12 km on the way to Sagara. Safari drives are conducted by forest department.
- Sakkare Bayalu, elephant training camp 2 km away from Gajanur Dam on the way to Thirthahalli.
- A Shiva statue made of concrete,on river banks is installed at Harakere, near Shivamogga.
- Mandagadde Bird Sanctuary, near Thirthahalli is home to wide variety of water birds.
- Guddekal has Subrahmanya Temple near Tunge River on Holehonnur Road.
- Gudde Mardi is a small hill near Shimoga city.
Notable persons from Shimoga
- B. S. Yeddyurappa,Member of Parliament (Shivamogga), Former Chief Minister of Karnataka
- K. S. Eshwarappa, Ex-State BJP President, former Deputy chief minister of Karnataka.
- Khadi Shankarappa, veteran freedom fighter.
- Justice M. Rama Jois, former Chief Justice of the Punjab and Haryana High Court, former member of Rajya Sabha, former Governor of Jharkhand and Bihar states and a senior advocate in the Supreme Court of India.
- Shimoga Subbanna, Kannada Sugama Sangeetha singer and playback singer.
- Sudeep, actor and director of Kannada cinema.
- Ashok Pai, psychiatrist and writer.
- H D chandrappa Gowda, physician and Kannada writer.
- Lakshmana Kodase, Journalist and writer of over 25 books, which includes seven novels and three literary criticism books.
- T R Krishnappa, Human rights activist.
- K B Prasanna Kumar, Member of legislative assembly representing Shimoga city.
Mahisha Mardhini: A monument in the backyard of Shivappa Nayaka's palace
- "Home". Shimoga City Municipal Council.
- About Shivamogga-Shimoga City Municipal Council
- census2011, co.in. "Shimoga City". Census of India 2011. Population census of India. Retrieved 29 July 2012.
- "It's Bengaluru for Pranab". The Times Of India. 2009-07-07.
- "Shimoga Municipal corporation".
- World weather online, .com. "Shimoga weather". Retrieved 26 July 2012.
- "Nandana Education Trust".
- "Shimoga school turns 150". The Times of India.
- "Contact Us". Subbaiah Institute of Medical Science.
- "About Us". Tegginamath Arts Education Society.
- "Xchanging opens global delivery centre in Shimoga". Business-Standards. 11 Jul 2012.
- "Shimoga City Census 2011 data". Census2011.
- Spl.correspondent, The Hindu (8 April 2006). "Airport at Shimoga likely to come up at Sogane". Bangalore: The Hindu. Retrieved 10 August 2012.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Shimoga.|
- Profiles of all the Districts in Karnataka
- Shimoga Zilla Panchayat
- Shimoga Profile
- Western Ghats
- Map of Shimoga District
- U.S. Army Corps of Engineers detailed map of Shimoga district 1959
- Shimoga City Website