|Keladi Shivappa Nayaka|
|• Total||50 km2 (20 sq mi)|
|Elevation||569 m (1,867 ft)|
|Population (2011 census)|
|• Density||6,500/km2 (17,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|PIN||577201 - 577205|
|Vehicle registration||KA 14|
Shimoga (also called Shivamogga in Kannada) is a city in Shivamogga District in the central part of the state of Karnataka, India. It lies on the banks of the Tunga River and is the administrative headquarters of the Shimoga district. The city is popularly called "The Gateway of Malnad".
The city is 569 m above sea level and is surrounded by lush green paddy fields, arecanut and coconut groves. Being the gateway for the hilly region of the Western Ghats, the city is popularly known as Capital of Malnad. The population of Shimoga city is 322,428, consisting of 161,978 males and 160,450 females, as per 2011 census.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Climate
- 4 Education
- 5 Arts
- 6 Shimoga-Bhadravathi twin cities
- 7 Demographics
- 8 Activities
- 9 Transportation
- 10 Places of importance in and around Shimoga
- 11 Accommodation
- 12 Notable persons from Shimoga District
- 13 Gallery
- 14 See also
- 15 References
- 16 External links
The name of the city is derived from the term "Shiva-Moga", "Moga in Kannada means Face hence meaning Face of Shiva". An alternative etymology is that the name is derived from the term "Sihi-Mogge", meaning "sweet pot". The district formed the southern tip of Emperor Ashoka's Mauryan Empire in the third century BC. It was ruled during later centuries by the Kadambas (4th century), Chalukyas (6th century), Gangas, Rashtrakutas (8th century), Hoysalas (11th century), and the Vijayanagara rulers (15th century). The city got an independent identity under the Keladi Nayaka rule during the 16th century, reaching its pinnacle under the rule of Shivappa Nayaka. From the late 17th century onwards, the city was a part of the Kingdom of Mysore until the independence of India in 1947, when Mysore merged into the Republic of India.
On 1 November 2006, the government of Karnataka announced the renaming of Shimoga to "Shivamogga", along with nine other cities in the state, but the renaming is yet to get approval from the Central Government.
According to the Shimoga City Municipal Corporation, the city has a total area of about 50 km2 (19 sq mi). The climate is tropical wet and dry (Köppen climate classification) summer average temperature 20–35 °C (68–95 °F). This means that the winter and the early part of summer are typically dry periods. The majority of the rainfall occurs between June and early October. Shimoga is a part of a region known as Malnad (land of hills) in Karnataka. Most/all these hills are part of the Western Ghats, a region known for plentiful rainfall and lush greenery and declared during 2012 as a World Heritage site.
In Karnataka Budget 2013-14, Shimoga City Municipal Council upgraded to City Corporation.
The City Municipal Councils of Tumkur, Shimoga and Bijapur upgraded to city corporations. With this, the state will have 10 city corporations.
|Climate data for Shimoga|
|Average high °C (°F)||28
|Average low °C (°F)||16
|Precipitation mm (inches)||3
|Source: Shimoga Weather|
In summer (April–May), temperature crosses 36°C at Shimoga.
Shimoga is an important center for high school and pre-university education (classes 11th and 12th) in Karnataka, along with many other major cities in Karnataka. Bhadravathi is also a major education centre of the district. Notable institutes in Shimoga for pre-university (PU) education include: Sri Aurobindo Pre-University (Ind.) college, PACE Ultra Modern PU College, Acharya PU College (Nandana Education Trust ), Vidya Bharathi PU College, National College,JPN High School, Vidyanikethan College, Sacred Heart, Adichunchangiri P.U. College, DVS P.U. Independent college, DVS Composite College, PES P.U. College. The city gains its importance in part because of lack of good institutes in other parts of the district.
Government High School is the oldest education institution in Shimoga. It was started by the British in 1853. Some other schools include Enchara, Jnanadeepa, Saandeepani, Vikasa, National Public School, Swami Vivekananda, Oxford, Adi Chunchanagiri, PES, Sarvodaya, Mary Immaculate, Vasavi, Sanjos, RC School(Roman Cartolic School), Sacred Heart, Loyola, Ramakrishna, Rotary, Educare, Mahaveer, DVS.
Shimoga Institute of Medical Sciences is the medical sciences college at Shimoga and managed by Government Departments. Subbaiah Institute of Medical Sciences is located at Purle. Sharavathi Dental College is also located in Shimoga. Shimoga also has two engineering colleges, Jawaharlal Nehru National College of Engineering and PES Institute of Technology and Management. Sahyadri College for Science, Commerce and Arts is one of the oldest in Karnataka, run by the Government. Tegginamath Arts Education Society Ayurvedic medical is located in Nidige. There is a veterinary college, which is one among the 4 colleges present in Karnataka.
Shimoga is known as the cultural capital of Karnataka and is also called the 'Rice Bowl of Karnataka'. It is a modern, progressive city with strong cultural roots and warm hearted people.
"Kuvempu Rangamandira" and "Karnataka Sangha" are the major venues of the city for cultural activities.
Yakshagana, a dance drama, is popular in Thirthahalli, Hosanagara, Sagar, and Sorab Taluks of the district and this art is also performed in Shimoga. There are some professional and amateur troupes from Malnad region, performing this dance drama across Karnataka.
Shimoga-Bhadravathi twin cities
Bhadravathi is 20 km from Shimoga and a four-lane road connects the twin cities. Both are well connected by Road and Rail.There is a 20-year-old plan to make Shimoga and Bhadravathi twin cities and to establish Shimoga-Bhadravathi Mahanagara Palike and thereby develop both cities. Bhadravathi can be called as industrial town and factories like Visvesvaraya Iron and Steel Limited, Mysore Paper Mills etc. are located in Bhadravathi. Bhadravathi-Shimoga Industrial area, established at Machenahalli, in between the twin cities hosts several Industries. Companies like Xchanging have opened their units in Shimoga.
The population of Shimoga is 322,428, consisting of 161,978 males and 160,450 females, as per 2011 census. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Shimoga has an average literacy rate of 88.02%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 91.32%, and female literacy is 84.70%.Total children (0-6) in Shimoga city are 31,626 as per figure from Census India report on 2011. There were 16,130 boys while 15,496 are girls. Child sex ratio of girls is 961 per 1000 boys.
Kannada is widely spoken in the city.
Industries like Pearlite Industries, Malnad Alloys, Shanthala Sperocast, Perfect Alloys, are some foundries manufacture quality castings, supply to major Original Manufacturers in India and also exporting their products to many countries and several other Industries are located in Shimoga. APMC of Shimoga is main marketing point of arecanut, the major commercial crop grown in the district and well as in neighbouring districts like Uttara Kannada. Shimoga has the biggest areca nut market, and known for procuring high quality areca nuts. Other agricultural produces like rice, chili, coconut etc. are also marketed in APMC.
From the state capital Bangalore, Shivamogga can be reached on road by on NH-206. (via Tumkur, Arsikere, Banavara, Kadur, Birur, Tarikere, and Bhadravathi.) KSRTC, the Karnataka State Road Transport Corporation, runs several buses from Bangalore,including Hitech and night services. Shimoga is around 274 km (170 mi) by road from Bangalore. From coastal side, Shimoga is accessible by bus or car. This route passes through Agumbe Ghat or Balebare Ghat roads. Sringeri,Dharmastala, Hubli are connected by Road to this city. Shimoga is better connected with roads from all directions and as such, it is an important bus junction.
Shimoga Bus Terminal
The new bus station is spacious and can cater to 882 departures per day and it is one of the biggest bus terminals in the state. It offers facilities like parking bays, waiting lounges, restaurants, etc. This terminal, spread over five acres, has police outpost, computerized reservation counter and waiting rooms.
Shimoga Town has a railway station, and there are trains that run to and from Bangalore and Mysore. Direct trains to Shimoga from other parts of India are non-existent. Birur Junction, which is well-connected to most parts of India by rail (especially from Mumbai), is approximately 70 kilometres (45 mi) from Shimoga and can be used as an alternative. The most popular trains from Shivamogga to Bangalore are the Shimoga Express and the Inter City Express Connection train. Intercity train has been introduced between Mysore and Talaguppa via Sagar city (about 98 km or 61 mi from Shimoga and about 12 km or 7.5 mi from famous Jog Falls).
Places of importance in and around Shimoga
- Shivappa Nayaka's palace is located within the city.
- Jog Falls are a large series of waterfalls, located 105 km (65 mi) from Shimoga in Sagar taluk. The Sharavathi River takes a spectacular jump from a height of 292 metres (958 ft) in four distinct falls to form the highest waterfalls in India. The best time to visit is soon after the monsoon season during July and August.
- Agumbe, 90 km (56 mi) south-west, is notable for its foarests and sunset.
- Kodachadri is a beautiful hill station in the Western Ghats. It is 120 km (75 mi) from Shimoga.
- Gajanur dam lies 15 km or 9 mi to the southwest.
- Koodli lies 15 km away and is the place where the Tungaa and Bhadraa rivers meet and flow together as Tungebhadraa.
- Tyavarekoppa Lion and Tiger Safari lies 12 km on the way to Sagara. Safari drives are conducted by forest department.
- B R P Dam is 28 km (17 mi) from the city on the way to Lakkavalli. It is built on the Bhadra river with a height of 186 feet (57 m).
- Kavaledurga is a trekking spot around 80 km or 50 mi from Shimoga. A fort built on the hill top and the enchanting view of the western ghats can be seen from this place.
- Mrugavadhe lies in Thirthahalli taluk and is famous for its Mallikarjuna Temple and its scenic beauty.
- Sigandooru is 108 km (67 mi) from Shimoga in Sagar taluk. This place is famous for Sigandhoor Sridevi temple and to reach this place one has to go in a launch (due to backwaters of river Sharavathi) run by the state government.
- Sringeri is 105 km or 65 mi from Shimoga. This place is famous for the Sharada Temple and Sringeri Mutt.
- Sakkare Bayalu, elephant training camp 2 km away from Gajanur Dam on the way to Thirthahalli.
- Ikkeri near Sagara city is known for rock temple of Aghoreshwara.
- Keladi also has rock temple; both of these temples belong to the Shivappa Nayaka period.
- Sagara city is known for wood carving articles, particularly of sandalwood and Marikamba Temple.
- The village of Ambuthirtha is about 16 km or 10 mi northwest of Thirthahalli. The Sharavathi River originates here and a Shivalinga is installed at the spot.
- Kemmannagundi is a popular hill station near Shimoga which is in Chickmagalur district.
- Chibbalagude, Thirthahalli, is known for Siddhivinayaka Temple and fishs in Tunge river.
- A Shiva statue made of concrete,on river banks is installed at Harakere, near Shivamogga.
- Gudavi Bird Sanctuary is spread almost over an area of 0.7 km in Soraba Taluk of Shimoga District.
- Mandagadde Bird Sanctuary, near Thirthahalli is home to wide variety of water birds.
- Guddekal has Subrahmanya Temple near Tunge River on Holehonnur Road.
- Kuppalli, near Thirthahalli, is famous for its historic Kavishaila and Kavimane.
- Sharavathi Wildlife Sanctuary, in Sagara Taluk, is home to mammals, reptiles and birds.
- Nagara was the last capital of the Keladi rulers and known for Shivappa Nayaka Palace, Fort, Devaganga Tank, Neelakanteshwara Temple and Gudde Venkataramana Swamy Temple.
- Balligavi, 21 km (13 mi) from Shikaripura, was the capital of Banavasi rulers. It is also known as 'Dakshina Kedara' and it has many historic temples like the Kedareshwara temple made out of soap stone.
- Humcha, a renowned Jain pilgrimage centre has many Jain basadis, temples and mutts.
There are several hotels and guest houses of all categories in Shimoga, for a comfortable stay.
Notable persons from Shimoga District
- Kuvempu, winner of Jnanpith Award and Kendra Sahitya Academy Award, written an epic 'Shree Ramayana Darshsnam'
- U. R. Ananthamurthy, Jnanpith Award winner
- Girish Kasaravalli, film director and National Film Award winner
- B. S. Yeddyurappa, former Chief Minister of Karnataka
- Poornachandra Tejaswi, son of Kuvempu, writer and environmentalist, winner of Kendra Sahitya Academy Award
- M. K. Indira, novelist whose books have been adapted for Kannada movies
- P. Lankesh, writer-journalist and tabloid publisher (Lankesh Patrike), winner of Kendra Sahitya Academy Award
- Ha. Ma. Nayaka, columnist, winner of Kendra Sahitya Academy Award (for his columns) and former vice chancellor of Gulbarga University, who was responsible for the development of Kannada department (Kannada Adhyayana Samsthe) at the University of Mysore.
- G. S. Shivarudrappa, award-winning Kannada poet, writer, professor and researcher
- Gundappa Viswanath, former India cricket player
- K. V. Subbanna, Magsaysay award winner
- S. Bangarappa, former Chief Minister of Karnataka
- K. S. Eshwarappa, Ex-State BJP President, former Deputy chief minister of Karnataka.
- J. H. Patel, former Chief Minister of Karnataka
- Kadidal Manjappa, former Chief Minister of Karnataka
- Khadi Shankarappa, veteran freedom fighter
- Shantaveri Gopala Gowda, leader of socialist movement
- N. S. Lakshminarayan Bhat, poet, winner of Sahitya Academy Award
- Justice M. Rama Jois, former Chief Justice of the Punjab and Haryana High Court, former member of Rajya Sabha, former Governor of Jharkhand and Bihar states and a senior advocate in the Supreme Court of India
- Shimoga Subbanna, Kannada Sugama Sangeetha singer and playback singer
- Sudeep, actor and director of Kannada cinema
- Diganth, Kannada film actor and former model
- Archana Udupa,Singer
- Arun Sagar, Runner of kannada bigboss in the year 2013 and artist kannada cinema
- Na D'Souza, Novel Writer (Dweepa , Kadina Benki are famous)
- Bharat Chipli, cricketer who plays for Karnataka and Deccan Chargers
- Raghaveshwara Bharathi- Ramachandrapura Mutt Pontiff and Guru of Havyakas
- Kagodu Thimmappa, Speaker of Karnataka Assembly 2013
- Ashok Pai, psychiatrist and writer.
- H D chandrappa Gowda, physician and Kannada writer
- Lakshmana Kodase, Journalist and writer of over 25 books, which includes seven novels and three literary criticism books.
- T R Krishnappa, Human rights activist.
- "Home". Shimoga City Municipal Council.
- About Shivamogga-Shimoga City Municipal Council
- census2011, co.in. "Shimoga City". Census of India 2011. Population census of India. Retrieved 29 July 2012.
- "It's Bengaluru for Pranab". The Times Of India. 2009-07-07.
- "Shimoga Municipal corporation".
- World weather online, .com. "Shimoga weather". Retrieved 26 July 2012.
- "Nandana Education Trust".
- "Shimoga school turns 150". The Times of India.
- "Contact Us". Subbaiah Institute of Medical Science.
- "About Us". Tegginamath Arts Education Society.
- "Welcome to shimoga".
- "Xchanging opens global delivery centre in Shimoga". Business-Standards. 11-jul-2012.
- "Shimoga City Census 2011 data". Census2011.
- Spl.correspondent, The Hindu (8 April 2006). "Airport at Shimoga likely to come up at Sogane". Bangalore: The Hindu. Retrieved 10 August 2012.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Shimoga.|
- Profiles of all the Districts in Karnataka
- Shimoga Zilla Panchayat
- Shimoga Profile
- Western Ghats
- Map of Shimoga District
- U.S. Army Corps of Engineers detailed map of Shimoga district 1959
- Shimoga City Website