- For the grandson of Simeon ben Gamliel (I), see Shimon ben Gamliel (II).
Simeon ben Gamliel (I) (Hebrew: שמעון בן גמליאל or רשב"ג הראשון, c. 10 BCE - 70 CE) was a Tanna sage and leader of the Jewish people. He succeeded his father Gamliel I as the nasi of the Sanhedrin after his father's death in 50 CE and just before the destruction of the Second Temple. According to Josephus Flavius he was killed by the Zealots during the civil war that accompanied the Jewish Revolt of 66-70 AD.
He was a direct descendant of King David and the great-grandson of Hillel the Elder.
His tomb, located in Kafr Kanna near the Golani Interchange in the lower Galilee of northern Israel, has remained an important site for Jewish pilgrims for almost 2,000 years.