Shimr ibn Dhi 'l-Jawshan

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Shimr ibn Dhi 'l-Jawshan ibn Rabi'ah al-Kalbi (Arabic: شمر بن ذي الجوشن بن ربيعة الكلبي) was with the commander of Yazid I's army during the Battle of Karbala.[1] He was the brother of Umm ul-Banin, the second wife of Ali ibn Abi Talib, and hailed from the tribe of Banu Kalb. He was the maternal uncle of Abbas ibn Ali and Uthman ibn Ali, the martyrs of Karbala.

Shimr is notable for his participation in both the Battle of Siffin and the Battle of Karbala and, particularly, he is remembered for his responsibility for beheading Hussain ibn Ali, the grandson of the Islamic Prophet Muhammad.[2]

Battle of Karbala[edit]

Main article: Battle of Karbala

Shimr is notable for his participation in the Battle of Karbala. He was the commander of Yazid I’s army who fought against the grandson of the Islamic Prophet Muhammad, Hussain ibn Ali, as well as his family and companions accompanying him at the time. The battle ended after Shimr beheaded Hussain on the 10th of Muharram, 61 AH (680 CE).[3]


Shia legend relates that Shimr was eventually killed by Mukhtar al-Thaqafi's troops who wished to take revenge upon Hussain and his family's killers.