Shimsky District

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Shimsky District
Шимский район (Russian)
Location of Shimsky District (Novgorod Oblast).svg
Location of Shimsky District in Novgorod Oblast
Coordinates: 57°12′N 30°43′E / 57.200°N 30.717°E / 57.200; 30.717Coordinates: 57°12′N 30°43′E / 57.200°N 30.717°E / 57.200; 30.717
Veksha reka.JPG
The Vekhsa River and the village of Uspolon in Shimsky District
Location
Country Russia
Federal subject Novgorod Oblast[1]
Administrative structure (as of April 2014)
Administrative center work settlement of Shimsk[1]
Administrative divisions:[2]
Urban-type settlements 1
Settlements 3
Inhabited localities:[2]
Urban-type settlements 1
Rural localities 126
Municipal structure (as of March 2010)
Municipally incorporated as Shimsky Municipal District[3]
Municipal divisions:[3]
Urban settlements 1
Rural settlements 3
Statistics
Area (municipal district) 1,836 km2 (709 sq mi)[4]
Population (2010 Census) 11,750 inhabitants[5]
- Urban 33.1%
- Rural 66.9%
Density 6.4 /km2 (17 /sq mi)[6]
Time zone MSK (UTC+04:00)[7]
Established February 15, 1935[8]
Official website
Shimsky District on WikiCommons

Shimsky District (Russian: Ши́мский райо́н) is an administrative[1] and municipal[3] district (raion), one of the twenty-one in Novgorod Oblast, Russia. It is located in the west of the oblast and borders with Batetsky District in the north, Novgorodsky District in the northeast, Starorussky District in the southeast, Volotovsky District in the south, Soletsky District in the southwest, Strugo-Krasnensky and Plyussky Districts, both of Pskov Oblast, in the west, and with Luzhsky District of Leningrad Oblast in the northwest. The area of the district is 1,836 square kilometers (709 sq mi).[4] Its administrative center is the urban locality (a work settlement) of Shimsk.[1] Population: 11,750 (2010 Census);[5] 13,312 (2002 Census);[9] 13,477 (1989 Census).[10] The population of Shimsk accounts for 33.1% of the district's total population.[5]

Geography[edit]

The district is located west of Lake Ilmen, and a section of the western shore of the lake belongs to the district. The principal river within the limits of the district is the Shelon, which crosses the southern part of the district and forms an estuary. Shimsk is located on the left bank of the Shelon. Almost the whole area of the district lies in the basin of the Shelon. The biggest (left) tributary of the Shelon within the district is the Mshaga. Minor areas in the north of the district belong to the basin of the Luga River.

History[edit]

In the Middle Ages, the Shelon River played an important role as a part of the trade route connecting Novgorod with Pskov and further with the Narva River. In the end of the 15th century, the area was annexed, together with Novgorod, by the Grand Duchy of Moscow, where it was a part of Shelonskaya pyatina of Novgorod. In the course of the administrative reform carried out in 1708 by Peter the Great, it was included into Ingermanland Governorate (known since 1710 as Saint Petersburg Governorate). In 1727, separate Novgorod Governorate was split off. In the beginning of the 20th century, Shimsk, then known as Shimsky Perevoz, was the seat of Shimskaya Volost of Novgorodsky Uyezd of Novgorod Governorate.[11]

In August 1927, the governorates and uyezds were abolished. The territory of modern Shimsky District was at the time divided between newly established Medvedsky (with the administrative center in the selo of Medved), Novgorodsky, Soletsky, and Starorussky Districts. Those districts were a part of Novgorod Okrug of Leningrad Oblast. On July 23, 1930, the okrugs were abolished, and the districts were directly subordinated to the oblast.[12] On February 15, 1935, Shimsky District, with the administrative center in the selo of Shimsk, was established.[8] It included parts of Novgorodsky, Soletsky, and Starorussky Districts.[8] Between August 1941 and February 1944, Shimsky District was occupied by German troops.[8] On July 5, 1944, Shimsky District was transferred to newly established Novgorod Oblast.[8] In the course of the abortive administrative reform by Nikita Khrushchev, Shimsky District was abolished on February 1, 1963, with its territory split between Soletsky and Starorussky Rural Districts.[13] Subsequently, the area was divided between Novgorodsky, Soletsky, and Starorussky Districts. On February 1, 1973, Shimsky District was re-established.[13] On February 5, 1981, Shimsk was granted urban-type settlement status.[13]

Another district established effective October 1, 1927 was Utorgoshsky District, which was a part of Luga Okrug of Leningrad Oblast and had its administrative center in the railway station of Utorgosh.[14] It included parts of former Luzhsky Uyezd of Petrograd Governorate.[14] On September 20, 1931, Utorgoshsky District was abolished and merged into Soletsky District.[14] On February 15, 1935, it was re-established, and on July 5, 1944 transferred to newly established Novgorod Oblast.[14] On December 10, 1962, the district was abolished and merged into Soletsky Rural District.[15] After a number of administrative transformations, its territory ended up divided between Soletsky and Shimsky Districts.

Economy[edit]

Industry[edit]

Industry in Shimsky District includes food industry and flax textile production. In 2010, the flax factory, located in Utorgosh, was in crisis and had difficulties selling its production.[16]

Agriculture[edit]

The main agricultural specializations in the district are the production of meat, milk, and eggs.[16]

Transportation[edit]

Shimsk is located on the A116 highway which connects Veliky Novgorod and Porkhov (and continues to Pskov under a different code). It is also connected by roads with Luga, Staraya Russa, and Volot. There are local roads as well.

The Shelon is navigable within the district; however, there is no passenger navigation.

Culture and recreation[edit]

Korostyn Palace

The district contains nine cultural heritage monuments of federal significance and additionally ninety-nine objects (one of them in Shimsk) classified as cultural and historical heritage of local significance.[17] The federal monuments are the complex of the palace in the village of Korostyn built by architect Vasily Stasov, the Assumption Church, also in Korostyn, and an archeological site.

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Law #559-OZ
  2. ^ Resolution #121
  3. ^ a b c Law #398-OZ
  4. ^ a b "Туристу" (in Russian). Администрация Шимского муниципального района. Retrieved June 19, 2012. 
  5. ^ a b c "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  6. ^ The value of density was calculated automatically by dividing the 2010 Census population by the area specified in the infobox. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox does not necessarily correspond to the area of the entity proper or is reported for the same year as the population.
  7. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  8. ^ a b c d e Snytko et al., p. 147
  9. ^ "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. May 21, 2004. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  10. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров." [All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989) (in Russian). Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  11. ^ Snytko et al., p. 68
  12. ^ Snytko et al., pp. 87–88
  13. ^ a b c Snytko et al., p. 246–247
  14. ^ a b c d Snytko et al., p. 140
  15. ^ Snytko et al., p. 235
  16. ^ a b "Анализ социально-экономического развития Шимского муниципального района за 9 месяцев 2010 года" (in Russian). Администрация Шимского муниципального района. Retrieved April 15, 2012. 
  17. ^ "Памятники истории и культуры народов Российской Федерации" (in Russian). Russian Ministry of Culture. Retrieved April 13, 2011. 

Sources[edit]

  • Новгородская областная Дума. Областной Закон №559-ОЗ от 11 ноября 2005 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Новгородской области», в ред. Областного закона №533-ОЗ от 1 апреля 2014 г. «О преобразовании некоторых муниципальных образований, входящих в состав территории Новгородского муниципального района, и внесении изменений в некоторые областные законы». Вступил в силу 1 января 2006 г. Опубликован: "Новгородские ведомости", №75, 23 ноября 2005 г. (Novgorod Oblast Duma. Oblast Law #559-OZ of November 11, 2005 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Novgorod Oblast, as amended by the Oblast Law #533-OZ of April 1, 2014 On the Transformation of Several Municipal Formations On the Territory of Novgorodsky Municipal District and on Amending Various Oblast Laws. Effective as of January 1, 2006.).
  • Администрация Новгородской области. Постановление №121 от 8 апреля 2008 г. «Об реестре административно-территориального устройства области», в ред. Постановления №349 от 13 ноября 2013 г. «О внесении изменений в реестр административно-территориального устройства области». Опубликован: "Новгородские ведомости", №49–50, 16 апреля 2008 г. (Administration of Novgorod Oblast. Resolution #121 of April 8, 2008 On the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Novgorod Oblast, as amended by the Resolution #349 of November 13, 2013 On Amending the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Novgorod Oblast. ).
  • Новгородская областная Дума. Областной закон №398-ОЗ от 17 января 2005 г. «Об установлении границ муниципальных образований, входящих в состав территории Шимского муниципального района, наделении их статусом городского и сельских поселений, определении административных центров и перечня населённых пунктов, входящих в состав территорий поселений», в ред. Областного закона №728-ОЗ от 30 марта 2010 г. «О преобразовании некоторых муниципальных образований, входящих в состав территории Шимского муниципального района, и внесении изменений в некоторые Областные законы». Вступил в силу со дня, следующего за днём официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Новгородские ведомости", №11–12, 26 января 2005 г. (Novgorod Oblast Duma. Oblast Law #398-OZ of January 17, 2005 On Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formations Within the Territory of Shimsky Municipal District, on Granting Them the Status of Urban and Rural Settlements, on Establishing Their Administrative Centers, and on Compiling the Lists of Inhabited Localities Within the Settlement Territories, as amended by the Oblast Law #728-OZ of March 30, 2010 On the Transformation of Several Municipal Formations Within the Territory of Shimsky Municipal District and on Amending Various Oblast Laws. Effective as of the day following the day of the official publication.).
  • Снытко, О. В.; et al. (2009). С. Д. Трифонов, Т. Б. Чуйкова, Л. В. Федина, А. Э. Дубоносова, ed. Административно-территориальное деление Новгородской губернии и области 1727-1995 гг. Справочник (in Russian). Saint Petersburg. Retrieved June 23, 2014.