Shin-Kurashiki Station provides both local train services on the Sanyo Line, and, as implied by the 'Shin' in the name, is also is the intermediate Shinkansen station between Okayama and Fukuyama Station (in Hiroshima Prefecture). As Shin-Kurashiki is an intermediate Shinkansen Station, it only receives 'Kodama' Shinkansens which stop at every station. To travel to popular destinations such as Osaka or Tokyo, one usually transfers from the Kodama to a Nozomi (Super Express) at Okayama Station.
Shin-Kurashiki Station is located in Tamashima City, and indeed, when it first opened in 1891 was called Tamashima Station. The name was changed to Shin-Kurashiki in 1975 at the same time the Shinkansen was introduced.