Shin Ik-hee

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Shin Ik-hee

Shin Ik-hee (Korean:신익희, hanja:申翼熙) (June 9, 1892 - May 5, 1956) was a Korean Resistance activist and South Korean politician. A first term Speaker of the First Republic (4 August 1948 and 30 May 1950) and leader of Second term of the First Republic in 19 June 1950 and 30 May 1954. His nickname was Haegong(해공, 海公), Haehoo(해후, 海候) also courtesy name was Yeogu(여구, 如耉).


Shin Ik-hee was a descendant of Shin Rip and Shin Kyung-hee, Shin Saimdang. He was born in Samaru country in Gwangju, Gyeonggi Province. He became an orphan and his second elder half-brother Shin Kyu-hee nurtured him. In his early years, he studied abroad in Japan.

In 1918, he was exiled to Shanghai in China, in April 1919.


He was involved in the creation of the Provisional National Assembly of Koreas. He was elected as a Congressman of the Provisional National Assembly of Korea. On April 23, he was appointed to Vice minister of Foreign Affairs of Provisional Government of Korea.

On August 1919, Shin became vice Minister of Justice and in September, he was appointed as Justice Minister and in September 1920, Minister of Foreign Affairs. In 1930s he became an English professor at a Chinese University.

In May 1940 he was appointed to Provisional Government of Korea, and in 1944 he was reappointed to Interior Minister to the Provisional Government.

In May 1948 he was elected Congressman of National Assembly of Korea. On August 4, 1948 he was 2nd term head of First Republic and 19 June 1950, he again was Speaker until 30 May 1954.

In 1955 he was involved with the founding of the Democratic Party and elected as its fourth leader. In 1956 he ran for president, but died of heart failure and overwork at age 64.

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