Shin Suk-ju

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This is a Korean name; the family name is Shin.
Prime Minister in Joseon Dynasty
Shin Suk-ju.jpg
Korean name
Hangul 신숙주
Hanja 申叔舟
Revised Romanization Sin Sukju
McCune–Reischauer Sin Sukchu
Pen name
Hangul 희현당 or 보한재
Hanja 希賢堂 or 保閑齋
Revised Romanization Huihyundang or Bohanjae
McCune–Reischauer Hŭihyŏndang or Pohanjae
Courtesy name
Hangul 범옹
Hanja 泛翁
Revised Romanization Beomong
McCune–Reischauer Pŏmong
Posthumous name
Hangul 문충
Hanja 文忠
Revised Romanization Munchung
McCune–Reischauer Munch'ung

Shin Suk-ju (Korean: 신숙주, hanja: 申叔舟; August 2, 1417 – July 23, 1475) was a Korean politician and soldier during the Joseon Dynasty. He served as Prime Minister from 1461 to 1464 and from 1471 to 1475.

Shin was an accomplished polyglot, and was particularly well educated in the Chinese language.[1] He served as a personal linguistic expert to King Sejong, and was intimately involved in the creation and application of the Korean alphabet known in modern times as Hangul.[1] Sin used the newly-created hangul system to create an accurate transcription of spoken Mandarin Chinese in 15th century Ming dynasty China.[1] These transcriptions haven proven accurate and reliable, and his transcriptions are now "an invaluable source of information on the pronunciations of Ming-era [Mandarin]."[1]

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References[edit]

Footnotes
  1. ^ a b c d Handel (2014): 294.
Works Cited
  • Handel, Zev (2014). "Why Did Sin Sukju Transcribe the Coda of the Yào 藥 Rime of 15th Century Guānhuà with the Letter ㅸ <f>?". Studies in Chinese and Sino-Tibetan Linguistics: Dialect, Phonology, Transcription and Text, eds. Richard VanNess Simmons, Newell Ann Van Auken. Language and Linguistics Monograph Series 53. Taipei: Academia Sinica, pp. 293-308.

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