|品川区 · Shinagawa City|
|• Total||22.77 km2 (8.79 sq mi)|
|• Density||15,740/km2 (40,800/sq mi)|
|Time zone||Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)|
Shinagawa (品川区 Shinagawa-ku ) is a special ward located in Tokyo Metropolis, Japan. While somewhat misleadingly referred to as Shinagawa City in bureaucratic English translations (it is not a city in its own right, but a subsection of the city of Tokyo), in natural English it is more commonly known simply as Shinagawa, as Shinagawa Ward or (particularly in street addresses) as Shinagawa-ku. The ward is home to nine embassies.
- 1 Geography
- 2 History
- 3 Politics and government
- 4 Economy
- 5 Places
- 6 Education
- 7 Transport
- 8 Events
- 9 Sister cities
- 10 References
- 11 External links
Shinagawa includes natural uplands and lowlands, as well as reclaimed land. The uplands are the eastern end of the Musashino hills. They include Shiba Shiroganedai north of the Meguro River, Megurodai between the Meguro and Tachiai Rivers, and Ebaradai south of the Tachiai River.
The ward consists of five districts:
- the Shinagawa district, including the former Shinagawa post on the Tōkaidō
- the Ōsaki district, formerly a town, stretching from Ōsaki Station to Gotanda and Meguro Stations
- the Ebara district, formerly a town of that name
- the Ōi district, previously a town
- the Yashio district, consisting of reclaimed land
Most of Tokyo east of the Imperial Palace is reclaimed land. A large portion of reclamation happened during the Edo period. Following the Meiji restoration and the Abolition of the han system, Shinagawa prefecture was instituted in 1869. The prefectural administration was planned to be set up in present-day Shinagawa in the Ebara district. In 1871, Shinagawa prefecture was integrated into Tokyo Prefecture.
The ward was founded on March 15, 1947 through the administrative amalgamation of the former Ebara Ward with the former Shinagawa Ward. Both Ebara Ward and Shinagawa Ward had been created in 1932, with the outward expansion of the municipal boundaries of the Tokyo City following the 1923 Great Kantō Earthquake.
In the Edo period, Shinagawa was the first post town a traveler would reach after setting out from Nihonbashi on the Tōkaidō highway from Edo to Kyoto. The post-town function is retained today with several large hotels near the train station offering 6,000 hotel rooms, the largest concentration in the city. The Tokugawa shogunate maintained the Suzugamori execution grounds in Shinagawa.
Politics and government
Many companies are headquartered in Shinagawa. Isuzu, an auto manufacturer; JTB Corporation, a major travel agency; MOS Burger (in the ThinkPark Tower, Ōsaki); Lawson (East Tower of Gate City Ohsaki in Ōsaki), Namco Bandai Holdings; Namco Bandai Games; Banpresto; Rakuten, Honda brand Acura; NSK Ltd., a bearing maker; Imagica, a media post-production company; and Pola Cosmetics all have their headquarters within Shinagawa Ward. Marza Animation Planet also has its headquarters in Shinagawa.
Japan Airlines (JAL), the head office of its subsidiary JAL Hotels, and registered offices of JAL Express and JALways are located in the Tennōzu Isle area. In addition, Jalux, a subsidiary, has its head office in the I·S Building. One group of employees moved into the building on July 26, 2010, and one on August 2, 2010. Prior to its dissolution, JAL subsidiary Japan Asia Airways was also headquartered in the JAL Building.
Other companies maintain branch offices or research facilities in Shinagawa. Sony operates the Gotenyama Technology Center and the Osaki East Technology Center in Shinagawa. Sony used to have its headquarters in Shinagawa. Sony moved to Minato, Tokyo around the end of 2006 and closed the Osaki West Technology Center in Shinagawa around 2007. Adobe Systems maintains its Japan headquarters on the 19th Floor of Gate City Ohsaki near Ōsaki Station, while Siemens AG has its Japan offices in Takanawa Park Tower. Phoenix Technologies operates its Japan office on the 8th floor of the Gotanda NN Building in Gotanda. Siemens Japan and Philips also have offices in Shinagawa.
- The Institute for Research in Human Happiness
- National Institute of Japanese Literature
- Suzugamori Execution Grounds (Edo period)
- TV Tokyo Tennozu Studios
Tokyo Metropolitan Government Board of Education operates two special colleges in Shinagawa:
- Tokyo Metropolitan College of Technology 
- Tokyo Metropolitan College of Industrial Technology 
Primary and secondary
Public elementary and junior high schools are operated by the Shinagawa Ward Board of Education. Public high schools are operated by the Tokyo Metropolitan Government Board of Education.
Public high schools in Shinagawa include:
Important railway stations
- East Japan Railway Company (JR East)
- Tokyu Corporation (Tōkyū)
- Tokyo Waterfront Area Rapid Transit: Tennōzu Isle, Shinagawa Seaside, Ōimachi, Ōsaki Stations
- Tokyo Monorail: Tennōzu Isle, Ōi Keibajō-mae Stations
- Keihin Electric Express Railway (Keikyū)
- Main Line: Kita-Shinagawa, Shin-Bamba, Aomono Yokocho, Samezu, Tachiaikawa, Ōmori-Kaigan Stations
- Tokyo Metro
- Namboku Line: Meguro Station
- Tokyo Metropolitan Bureau of Transportation
- Shuto Expressway
- No. 1 Haneda Route (Edobashi JCT - Iriya)
- No.2 Meguro Route (Ichinohashi JCT - Togoshi)
- Bayshore Route (Kawasaki-Ukishima JCT - Koya)
- National highways of Japan
Shinagawa is also home to the main motor vehicle registration facility for central Tokyo (located east of Samezu Station). As a result, many license plates in Tokyo are labeled with the name "Shinagawa."
The abduction of Kiyoshi Kariya by the Aum Shinrikyo cult occurred in Shinagawa. On February 28, 1995, cult members abducted Kariya, a public employee, and took him to their facility in Kamikuishiki, Yamanashi. Cult members, including Ikuo Hayashi, injected Kariya with sodium thiopental in order to discover the location of the man's sister (a former Aum member), but Kariya unexpectedly died.
- Geneva, Switzerland
- Auckland, New Zealand
- Harbin, People's Republic of China
- Hayakawa, Japan
- Portland, Maine
- "Corporate Profile." Isuzu. Retrieved on December 8, 2008.
- "Company Profile." JTB Corporation. Retrieved on September 16, 2009.
- "Corporate Profile." MOS Burger. Retrieved on January 6, 2011. "Address of Headquarters 4F ThinkPark Tower, 2-1-1 Osaki, Shinagawa-ku, Tokyo 141-6004 JAPAN" - Address in Japanese: "〒141-6004 東京都品川区大崎2-1-1 ThinkPark Tower 4階 "
- "Corporate Profile." Lawson. Retrieved on July 4, 2011. "East Tower, Gate City Ohsaki 11-2, Osaki 1-chome, Shinagawa-ku, Tokyo 141-8643 Japan"
- "Corporate Data." Namco Bandai Holdings. Retrieved on December 8, 2008. "Head Office NamcoBandai Miraikenkyusho 4-5-15, Higashi-Shinagawa, Shinagawa-ku, Tokyo 140-8590, Japan"
- "Corporate Overview." Namco Bandai Games. Retrieved on March 16, 2010.
- "Company Outline." Banpresto. February 18, 2008. Retrieved on March 16, 2010.
- "Company Overview." Rakuten. Retrieved on February 3, 2011. "”Rakuten Tower” (Headquarters) Shinagawa Seaside Rakuten Tower, 4-12-3 Higashishinagawa, Shinagawa-ku, Tokyo, 140-0002 (MAP)."
- "Rakuten Tower." (Direct map image link) Rakuten. Retrieved on February 3, 2011.
- "Corporate Data." NSK Ltd.. Retrieved on December 12, 2009.
- "Company Profile." Marza Animation Planet. Retrieved on October 17, 2011. "NYK Tennoz Bldg., 18F, 2-2-20, Higashi-Shinagawa, Shinagawa-ku, Tokyo, 140-0002 JAPAN"
- "会社概要." Marza Animation Planet. Retrieved on October 17, 2011. "所在地 〒140-0002 東京都品川区東品川2-2-20 天王洲郵船ビル18階"
- "Information & Reservations." Japan Airlines. Retrieved on December 8, 2008.
- "Company Profile." Japan Airlines. Retrieved on December 8, 2008.
- "Company Profile." JALways. Retrieved on May 19, 2009.
- "会社案内." JAL Express. Retrieved on May 19, 2009.
- "Company Profile." Japan Airlines. Retrieved on December 8, 2008.
- "会社概要." JAL Hotels. Retrieved on February 5, 2010. "本社 ： 〒140-0002 東京都品川区東品川２-４-11 JALビル１３F."
- "Corporate Profile." Jalux. Retrieved on December 6, 2011. "Head Office I·S Building, 3-32-42 Higashi Shinagawa, Shinagawa-ku, Tokyo"
- "Notice of Office Relocation." Jalux. Retrieved on December 6, 2011.
- "会社概要." Japan Asia Airways. October 25, 2005. Retrieved on May 20, 2009.
- "会社概要." GEOS. February 23, 2009. Retrieved on July 16, 2011. "〒141-0032 東京都品川区大崎1丁目6番4号 新大崎勧業ビルディング4F"
- "World Airline Directory." Flight International. April 1–7, 1998. "All Nippon Airways" 45.
- "Access & Map." Sony. Retrieved on January 19, 2009.
- "Corporate Data." Sony. September 9, 2008. Retrieved on January 19, 2009.
- Suzuki, Kyoko. "Sony Considers Sale of Properties Including Former Headquarters." Bloomberg. August 3, 2006. Retrieved on January 19, 2009.
- "Sony to close symbol of TV business.." Kyodo News International. February 1, 2007. Retrieved on January 19, 2009.
- "Locations." Adobe Systems. Retrieved on December 8, 2008.
- "About us > Locations." Siemens K.K.. Retrieved on December 8, 2008.
- "Worldwide Corporate Offices." Phoenix Technologies. Retrieved on May 6, 2009.
- "Our Office Locations."Retrieved on March 6th, 2011.
- The Aum Supreme Truth Terrorist Organization - The Crime library
- 国際交流事業の紹介 | 品川区 ("Introduction to International Relations | Shinagawa") Retrieved on March 10, 2009
- "Sister Cities". Consulate-General of Japan in Auckland. Embassy of Japan. Archived from the original on 2008-12-08. Retrieved 2008-12-09.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Shinagawa, Tokyo.|
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Shinagawa.|