Shinhidaka, Hokkaido

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Shinhidaka, Hokkaidō)
Jump to: navigation, search
Shinhidaka
新ひだか町
Town
Location of Shinhidaka in Hokkaido (Hidaka Subprefecture)
Location of Shinhidaka in Hokkaido (Hidaka Subprefecture)
Shinhidaka is located in Japan
Shinhidaka
Shinhidaka
Location in Japan
Coordinates: 42°15′N 142°34′E / 42.250°N 142.567°E / 42.250; 142.567Coordinates: 42°15′N 142°34′E / 42.250°N 142.567°E / 42.250; 142.567
Country Japan
Region Hokkaido
Prefecture Hokkaido (Hidaka Subprefecture)
District Hidaka
Government
 • Mayor Yoshihide Sakai
Area
 • Total 1,147.75 km2 (443.15 sq mi)
Population (March 2008)
 • Total 26,502
 • Density 23/km2 (60/sq mi)
Time zone Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)
Symbols
- Tree Ezoyamazakura and Japanese Ash
- Flower Ezoyamatsutsuji (Rhododendron kaempferi) and Rugosa Rose
Address 3-2-50, Shizunai Miyukichō, Shinhidaka-chō, Hidaka-gun, Hokkaidō
056-8650
Phone number 0146-43-2111
Website Town of Shinhidaka

Shinhidaka (新ひだか町 Shinhidaka-chō?) is a town located in Hidaka District, Hidaka Subprefecture, Hokkaido, Japan. Shinhidaka is the most populous town and the economic center of Hidaka Subprefecture.

History[edit]

The river valleys of what is now Shinhidaka were occupied by the Ainu. From the 19th century, Japan began to settle the region in earnest. This led to conflict with the Ainu resulting in a failed revolt of the Ainu in the Shizunai River valley. This became known as Shakushain's Revolt.

On March 31, 2006, the town of Mitsuishi (from Mitsuishi District) merged with the town of Shizunai (from Shizunai District) to create the new town of Shinhidaka. Mitsuishi District and Shizunai District were both dissolved as a result of this merger.

Geography[edit]

Shinhidaka is in southeastern Hokkaido, between the Pacific Ocean to the South and the Hidaka Mountains to the North. Several rivers rise in the mountains and empty into the sea, including the Shizunai River and the Mitsuishi River.

Shinhidaka has total area of 1,147.74 km².[1] Its highest location is Mount Kamuiekuuchikaushi (42°37′30″N 142°45′58″E / 42.62500°N 142.76611°E / 42.62500; 142.76611) at 1,979.4 m (6,494 ft).

Demographics[edit]

As of December 31, 2007, the town has an estimated population of 26,714 and a density of 23.7 persons per km².[1]

Arts and culture[edit]

Nijikken-dōro (二十間道路?), literally, road 20 ken (36 metres (118 ft)) in width, is an avenue lined with Ezo mountain cherry Prunus sargentii, (エゾヤマザクラ Ezo-yamazakura?) trees and a major tourist attraction of the town. The 8 kilometres (5.0 mi) road was created for a visit of the Imperial Family to the nearby Niikappu horse ranch in 1903. The ranch is under the jurisdiction of the Imperial Household Agency. It took five years to transplant trees from the local mountains to create the avenue. It was finished in 1916. Shinhidaka holds a cherry blossom festival yearly in May at the road in Shizunai ward.[2]

Sister cities[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b (Japanese) Official Home Page of Shinhidaka, last access 30 May 2008.
  2. ^ (Japanese) Ezo-zakura Call, last access 30 May 2008
  3. ^ Lexington-Fayette Urban County Government Website, Sister Cities International, last access 30 May 2008

External links[edit]