|Shinnecock Reservation, New York|
|— Indian Reservation —|
|• Total||1.3 sq mi (3.4 km2)|
|• Land||1.3 sq mi (3.4 km2)|
|• Water||0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)|
|Elevation||203 ft (62 m)|
|• Density||506.4/sq mi (195.5/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID|
Shinnecock Reservation is an Indian reservation for members of the Shinnecock Indian Nation in the town of Southampton in Suffolk County, New York, United States. It lies on the east side of Shinnecock Bay on southeastern Long Island, near Tuckahoe, Shinnecock Hills, and the village of Southampton. The population was 662 as of the 2010 census.
On December 15, 2009, The New York Times reported an announcement by the Obama administration that the Shinnecock Indians on Long Island meet the criteria for federal recognition, signaling the end of a 30-year court battle. This will enable the tribe to move forward with its plans for a casino in New York City or its suburbs. The announcement all but assures that the 1,066-member Shinnecock Indian Nation will receive formal federal recognition, following a public-comment period of up to six months which must be held before the final order is issued. The reservation has been recognized by New York State but not the U.S. Bureau of Indian Affairs—a discrepancy which has defined the lines in proposals for the reservation to introduce Indian gaming.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the Indian reservation has a total area of 1.3073 mi² (3.3859 km² ), all land.
As of the census of 2010, there were 662 people and 256 households in the Indian reservation. The population density was 506.4/mi² (195.5/km²). There were 204 housing units at an average density of 156.0/mi² (60.2/km²). The racial makeup of the Indian reservation was 6.04% White, 4.53% Black or African American, 76.59% Native American, 0.45% Asian, 0.03% from other races, and 12.08% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.34% of the population.
There were 256 households out of which 36.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 11.7% are vacant, 8.6% are for rent.
In the Indian reservation, the population was spread out with 24.5% under the age of 18, 4.2% from 18 to 20, 7.4% from 20 to 24, 11.3% from 25 to 34, 18.7% from 35 to 49, 21.3% from 50 to 64, and 12.5% who were 65 years of age or older. For every 100 females there were 88.1 males.
According to the 2000 Census, the median income for a household in the Indian reservation was $14,055, and the median income for a family was $14,143. Males had a median income of $28,750 versus $13,750 for females. The per capita income for the Indian reservation was $8,843. About 61.3% of families and 50.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 66.1% of those under age 18 and none of those age 65 or over.
Tribal recognition and gambling prospects 
The Shinnecock Nation formally requested federal recognition from the United States government in 1978.
The Shinnecock Nation plans to build a casino, which is being fought by Southampton town. But the Nation has some associates: they get funding from Marian Ilitch-owned Gateway Casinos Resorts, LLC, and support from California Rep. Richard Pombo (R) who sponsored a new bill in Congress, H.R. 512, to speed up federal recognition for some tribes. Pombo got money for his 2006 campaign at a Mike Ilitch-backed fundraiser. Disclosure documents on file with the Secretary of the U.S. Senate indicate that the Shinnecock Indian Nation and their partners (Gateway Casino Resorts, LLC and Michael J Malik Sr. dba MJM Enterprises and MJM Enterprises & Development) have paid D.C. lobbyists $1,140,000 since 2004.
- Hakim, Danny (December 15, 2009). "U.S. Eases Way to Recognition for Shinnecock". The New York Times. Retrieved 2010-01-29.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Shinnecock (state) Reservation, New York United States Census Bureau