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Shinnyo-en (真如苑) (meaning "Borderless Garden of Truth") is a Buddhist sangha open to lay practitioners, people from different religions or beliefs, and monks alike. Its principle teachings are based on the Mahayana Mahaparinirvana Sutra. The teachings also combine elements of traditional Theravada, Mahayana, and Vajrayana Buddhism with teachings and practices initiated by the founders of Shinnyo-en, Shinjō Itō (né Fumiaki Itō; March 28, 1906 – July 19, 1989) who trained in Shingon, and his wife Tomoji Itō (née Tomoji Uchida, May 9, 1912 – August 6, 1967), the first woman in the 1,000-year history of Daigo-ji monastery in Kyoto to receive the rank of daisōjō (大僧正) as a laywoman.
Today, Shinnyo-en has more than one million practitioners worldwide, and temples and training centers in several countries in Asia, Europe and the Americas. The temples are characterised by the statue of the reclining Buddha.
Central to Shinnyo-en is the belief, expressed in the Nirvana Sutra, that all beings possess a natural, unfettered purity that can respond creatively and compassionately to any situation in life.
The current head of Shinnyo-en is Her Holiness Keishu Shinsō Itō (b. 1942), who holds the rank of daisōjō, the highest rank in traditional Shingon Buddhism. On October 16, 2009 she accepted an invitation from Daigo-ji monastery to officiate at a ceremony marking Great Master Shobo Rigen's 1,100th memorial, becoming the first woman to officiate a service there.
Shinnyo-en was established in 1936 by Shinjō Itō and his wife Tomoji Ito in the Tokyo suburb of Tachikawa. The organization was originally named Risshōkaku. In December 1935, Shinjō Itō and Tomoji Itō enshrined an image of Mahavairochana Achala (believed to have been sculpted by the renowned Buddhist sculptor, Unkei) and they began a 30-day period of winter austerities in early 1936. Tomoji cultivated her spiritual faculty (Jpn. "reino") on February 4, inheriting it from her aunt. From that time, Tomoji and Shinjō began a new life together entirely devoted to encouraging people's spiritual growth. Shinjō Itō became a Great Master Acharya in the Shingon tradition of Japanese Buddhism.
 Organizational structure
The basic organizational unit of the Shinnyo-en sangha is the “lineage” (Jpn. suji), which consists of a number of members linked to a “lineage parent” (Jpn. sujioya). Practitioners usually gather at the temple and training centre for prayer, meditation and training, and, if they so wish, also at home meetings. The sangha as a whole encourages and participates in volunteer activities in the spirit of Buddhist practice.
 Social action
Shinnyo-en believes an individual's action can contribute to creating a harmonious society. Working towards this goal, the organization engages in interfaith dialogue, environmental activities, and disaster relief. Shinnyo-en also supports organizations such as Médecins sans Frontières (Doctors Without Borders), the Red Cross Society, and the World Wildlife Fund. Their cultural projects include the reconstruction of ancient musical instruments, support for the Kiyosato Museum of Photographic Arts, the excavation of ruins at Angkor Wat in Cambodia, and collecting Cambodian oral folk tales for a children’s book project.  (See also Press report of The Indian National Trust for Art & Cultural Heritage(INTACH))
 Shinnyo-en practice
Shinnyo-en practices a form of meditation called sesshin training. Sesshin (the word is composed of the two Chinese characters, “touch” and “heart”) is meditation with the addition of guidance or insights given to trainees by specially trained “spiritual guides” (Jpn. reinōsha).
Through mindfulness and seated meditation, practitioners reflect on themselves and resolve to practice harmony, gratitude, kindness, and acceptance. The school teaches that one realizes his or her true potential by acting with compassion and concern for others. Therefore, practitioners are encouraged to cultivate mindfulness and self-reflection, and to apply in daily life the insights gained in seated meditation.
Shinnyo-en practitioners in pursuing the Path to Nirvana vow to abide by the Five Precepts (Pali: pañca-sīlāni) and follow the Eightfold Path. By learning to identify with others (or "place oneself in the shoes of another"), practitioners aim to cultivate the virtues of a bodhisattva.
 Shinnyo-en Buddhist ceremonies
Traditional ceremonies, derived from Shingon Buddhism—many of which can be traced back to ancient Vedic and Hindu ceremonies—are an important aspect of Shinnyo Buddhist practice. Rituals are used as means to purify the mind, awaken compassion, or to express gratitude for the chance to develop oneself and practice the Buddhist teachings. Prayers for ancestors and departed souls, such as the Lantern Floating ceremony, and O-bon (Sanskrit: Ullambana), are believed to also help cultivate kindness and compassion within practitioners. Traditional fire ceremonies such as homa are performed to help practitioners overcome obstacles that hinder their spiritual progress and liberation. (See also Saisho Goma ceremony and Lantern Floating ceremony).
 Shinnyo-en and the arts
Shinnyo-en believes art is a way to communicate universal, spiritual truth. Shinnyo-en sponsors many international cultural events to share their aesthetic philosophy. In addition, Shinnyo-en has staged several concerts showcasing the drumming of the Shinnyo-en Taiko Drumming Ensemble.
 See also
- A Bibliography of...; 7
- Usui, p.234–235.
- Shinnyo-en official Japanese website
- Spiritual Wonders, p.39
- Kealii, "Ninth Annual Lantern Floating Ceremony," May 2007
- "Address by Her Holiness Keishu Shinso, Saisho Homa, Taiwan, October 27th, 2007."In Step. Number 7, November 2007.
- "Buddha Ripples," p. 7
- Melville, 'More than a Drop in the Ocean,' "Buddha Ripples," p. 162–167.
- Abeysekara, Ananda (2002). Colors of the Robe: Religion, Identity, and Difference. The University of South Carolina Press. ISBN 1-57003-467-2.
- Clarke, Peter Bernard (2000). Japanese New Religions: In Global Perspective. Routledge. ISBN 0-7007-1185-6.
- Clarke, Peter Bernard (1999). A Bibliography of Japanese New Religions Movements With Annotations. Japan Library. ISBN 1-873410-80-8.
- De Bary, William Theodore; Carol Gluck; Arthur E. Tiedemann (2006). Sources of Japanese tradition. Volume 2, 1600 to 2000. Columbia University Press. ISBN 0-231-13916-0.
- Dumoulin, Heinrich; Maraldo, John C. (1976). Buddhism in the Modern World. ISBN 0-02-533790-4.
- Hori, Ichiro (1974). Japanese Religion: A Survey by the Agency for Cultural Affairs. Kodanska International. ISBN 0-87011-183-3.
- Leonard, Karen Isaksen (2005). Immigrant Faiths: Transforming Religious Life In America. Rowman Altamira. ISBN 0-7591-0817-X.
- Melville, Sinclair. 'More than a Drop in the Ocean,' "Buddha Ripples," IAD publishing, 2009.
- Shimazono, Susumu. doi = From Salvation to Spirituality: Popular Religious Movements in Modern Japan. Trans Pacific Press. ISBN 1-876843-12-8.
- Usui,Atsuko. "Women's 'Experience'in New Religious Movements: The Case of Shinnyo-en." Japanese Journal of Religious Studies 30/3–4: 217–241. Nagoya, Japan: Nanzan Institute for Religion and Culture, 2003.
- Ito, Shinjo: Shinjo: Reflections, Somerset Hall Press, USA, 2009.
||This article's use of external links may not follow Wikipedia's policies or guidelines. (August 2010)|
- Shinnyo-En (official website in English)
- Shinnyo-En – USA
- Shinjo Ito Center
- Saisho Goma/Homa Ceremony -Berlin
- Lantern Floating Ceremony – Hawaii
- Smile Foundation Newsletter India
- UC Berkeley Press Release
- Article in Art Knowledge News
- Friends of Shinjo Ito
 Shinjo Ito quotes
- "The spirit of Buddhism is, more than anything, about valuing harmony and unity, in which others are respected and embraced rather than denounced. This has been the way of Buddhism since the beginning, and this is true Buddhism".
- "The Buddha shared his teachings so that everyone, without exception, could reach the same supreme state of liberation that he had attained through practice and effort".
- "Sometimes when people see a successful person, they either become envious or attribute their success to luck, forgetting the efforts the person has made to get there."
- "Examine the present and learn from the past to see how the future will unfold. Too often we just look at the present and base our actions solely on that".
- "What is most important is to go deep into ourselves and discover the loving kindness and compassion of the buddha within – the awakened nature we all possess".
- "You may have seen people praying to an image as if it had special power. Perhaps they're wishing for the well-being of their family, for material prosperity, or to recover from illness. But this way of practicing faith only leads to a dead end. Buddha images should serve as inspirations to cultivate the infinite loving kindness latent in the buddha within us".
 Shinso Ito quote
- “When we act for the sake of others, it gives rise to joy. Mutual understanding is a result of our efforts to expand the practice of loving kindness and altruism, starting with those around us. I believe that such efforts will ultimately lead to lasting peace in the world.”