Shinobi (series)

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Shinobi series
Shinobi Title Screen.jpg
The title screen from Shinobi (2002) bears the shinobi kanji (in red) that adorns every title in the series
Genres action
Developers Sega
Publishers Sega
Platforms various
Year of inception 1987
First release Shinobi
1987 (1987)

Shinobi (忍び?) is a series of video games created by Sega. When a survey revealed that Americans struggle to pronounce words like Musashi, the game was renamed to Shinobi as the one suggestion that the people of the survey could cope with. Shinobi is used as a nickname for Joe throughout the series. It has been adopted by various characters, most prominently Joe Musashi, the protagonist of the original series of games (Shinobi to Shinobi III).[1]

Along with Alex Kidd and Sonic the Hedgehog, the ninja Joe Musashi has long been one of Sega's flagship characters, acting as a mascot for a short time in the late 1980s when the ninja boom was in full force. Its games are a showcase of Sega's technical accomplishment. Today the games are still noted for their high quality of graphics, gameplay and music, as well as their high level of difficulty.[1]

The first Shinobi game debuted in the arcades in 1987, in the title Shinobi, and has since featured in eleven other official Shinobi titles and one spin-off game. Nightshade ("Kunoichi" in Japan) is currently the latest game released, with a new game for the Nintendo 3DS released in 2011.[2]


Identity and backstory[edit]

The role of "Shinobi" is most commonly associated with that of Joe Musashi, the protagonist of the original arcade game and many of its sequels. His name is a combination of both an archetypical western first name and Japanese last name, Musashi likely being derived from the legendary Japanese swordsman Miyamoto Musashi. In the manual of The Revenge of Shinobi, Musashi's backstory is told as that of a weak boy who first entered the dojo of the Oboro clan at a young age and gradually, through tireless practice and meditation, worked himself up to become the most skilled and respected ninja of his clan.[1]

His peaceful existence in the mountains of Japan is shattered when the totalitarian crime syndicate "Zeed" rises to power and threatens to take over the world. After being defeated by Musashi in the original Shinobi, Zeed reforms three years later as "Neo Zeed" and attacks the Oboro clan directly. With his master assassinated and his girlfriend Naoko taken hostage by the enemy, Musashi swears revenge, and in the ensuing battles, as chronicled in The Revenge of Shinobi, all but annihilates Neo Zeed. When Neo Zeed returns in Shinobi III: Return of the Ninja Master the ninja comes out of retirement one final time and destroys the crime organization for good.[1][3]

In the Japanese Shadow Dancer plot, Musashi's title is passed down to his son Hayate, who now assumes the Shinobi identity and battle the Union Lizard syndicate. The English localization of the Mega Drive version, however, identifies the character as being Joe Musashi himself rather than his son.[4]

Shinobi Legions, however, presents an entirely different plotline. The titular shinobi is now played by Sho, the youngest of two brothers raised by a lone ninja master. The elder brother becomes corrupted and abducts the master's daughter in search of the ultimate ninjitsu technique, and Sho has to prevent him from destroying the world. Neither Joe Musashi nor the Oboro clan are mentioned.[1]

Following a seven-year hiatus in the series, the lead archetype returns in Shinobi for PlayStation 2 as Hotsuma, another member of the Oboro clan. In a similar theme to Shinobi Legions, the game starts with Hotsuma slaying his elder brother Moritsune during a full moon Oboro ritual. The main plot revolves around Hotsuma's battle with a powerful sorcerer called Hiruko. The game also featured Joe Musashi as a hidden character, as well as Moritsune himself (who appears in the game's storyline as an enemy named Aomizuchi).[1]

In a complete break with tradition, Nightshade featured a female shinobi named Hibana. Hotsuma himself appears as a hidden character, though it requires a completed Shinobi PS2 game save on the memory card to unlock him. Joe Musashi also returns as he did in the PS2 Shinobi by completing 88 missions in the game.[1]

The protagonist of the 3DS Shinobi game is Jiro Musashi, Joe's father.


Shinobi's main weapons of choice are the shuriken (or throwing knives), but over the course of the series the emphasis gradually shifted to a ninjato. One of the most important moves in the games is Shinobi's somersault, performed by tapping the jump-button a second time at the height of a jump. The somersault is used to leap onto high-places, perform trick jumps and use the hedgehog shuriken attack to wipe out several opponents at once. The ability to run was not introduced until Shinobi III.[1]

Another staple of the series are the four magical ninjitsu attacks Shinobi can use to kill his foes, or improve his own abilities. The four ninjitsu techniques are: Ikazuchi, Fushin, Kariu and Mijin. An in depth discussion of said techniques can be found in Shinobi III. Another common feature of the early Shinobi games is the enemy AI, where enemies could duck behind boxes to reload their weapons after firing at Musashi, or hide behind boxes or shields to block Musashi's shurikens.[5][6]

Each level in Shinobi is usually divided into two or three scenes, and the final scene is always a battle against a powerful boss character. Standard Shinobi stages include bamboo forests, dojos, Hong Kong styled docksides, and industrial complexes filled with biological monstrosities.


Following is a timeline of releases in the Shinobi series. Listed are the name of each game, the corresponding release date and the consoles for which they were developed/ported. Further below is a brief discussion of each release. For a more detailed examination of each game, click on the corresponding link in the timetable.

No. International title Japanese title Year Game system
1. Shinobi Shinobi 1987 Arcade
1988 Sega Master System
1989 Commodore 64, Amiga, Atari ST, ZX Spectrum, PC Engine, NES
2009 Xbox Live Arcade, Wii (Virtual Console), PlayStation 3, Xbox 360
2. Shadow Dancer Shadow Dancer 1989 Arcade
1991 Commodore 64, Amiga, Atari ST, Sega Master System, ZX Spectrum
Shadow Dancer: The Secret of Shinobi Shadow Dancer: The Secret of Shinobi 1990 Sega Mega Drive/Sega Genesis
2006 PlayStation 2, PSP (Sega Genesis Collection [A])
3. The Revenge of Shinobi The Super Shinobi 1989 Sega Mega Drive/Sega Genesis
2009 Wii (Virtual Console)
2012 PlayStation Network, Xbox Live Arcade
4. The Cyber Shinobi N/A 1990 Sega Master System
5. Shinobi The G.G. Shinobi 1991 Sega Game Gear
2012 Nintendo 3DS (Virtual Console)
6. Shinobi II: The Silent Fury The G.G. Shinobi II 1992 Sega Game Gear
7. Shinobi III: Return of the Ninja Master The Super Shinobi II 1993 Sega Mega Drive/Sega Genesis
2006 PlayStation 2, PSP (Sega Genesis Collection)
2007 Wii (Virtual Console)
2009 PlayStation 3, Xbox 360 (Sonic's Ultimate Genesis Collection)
2013 Nintendo 3DS (Virtual Console)
8. Shinobi Legions [B] Shin Shinobi Den 1995 Sega Saturn
9. The Revenge of Shinobi N/A 2002 Game Boy Advance
10. Shinobi Shinobi 2002 PlayStation 2
2012 PlayStation Network
11. Nightshade Kunoichi 2003 PlayStation 2
12. Shinobi Shinobi 3D 2011 Nintendo 3DS

The series[edit]

Shinobi (1987)[edit]

Main article: Shinobi (video game)

The game that started the franchise and launched Shinobi into fame, the original Shinobi is still considered a classic game of the arcade era. Released in 1987, it was ported to the Commodore Amiga, Commodore 64, Atari ST, Amstrad CPC, Spectrum, MSX and Sega Master System. Shinobi introduced several novelties to traditional platform mechanics, such as sophisticated enemy AI and multiple layers in each level.[7]

Shadow Dancer (1989, 1991)[edit]

Main article: Shadow Dancer

Shadow Dancer was an arcade sequel to the original Shinobi. The plot follows Hayate, Joe Musashi's son. As opposed to his father, Hayate is accompanied by his pet dog Yamato. The American localization changed the plot to Joe Musachi returning from Hayate. The changes were made in the games manual and in the games opening transcript. The actual game remains unaltered.[4]

The Revenge of Shinobi (1989)[edit]

In Japan it was known as The Super Shinobi. The debut of the ninja on the Sega Mega Drive console, The Revenge of Shinobi was widely praised at the time of its release and long one of the most popular games on the Mega Drive and is still regarded as the best entry in the series by many. Its soundtrack was written by acclaimed composer Yuzo Koshiro.[1][8]

Shadow Dancer: The Secret of Shinobi (1990)[edit]

The Sega Mega Drive version of Shadow Dancer is titled Shadow Dancer: The Secret of Shinobi, and is completely different game. In the backstory depicted in Western releases, Hayate was replaced with Musashi, where as the original Japanese backstory retained Hayate and fleshes out his origin. Although the basic gameplay is similar to the arcade version, none of the actual game content — from levels to character art — is the same.[4]

The Cyber Shinobi (1990)[edit]

Main article: The Cyber Shinobi

The Cyber Shinobi was a Sega Master System exclusive title, released as a follow-up to the Master System port of the original Shinobi. Neo Zeed has resurfaced once more and threatens to destroy the world, this time under the name of Cyber Zeed. Equipped with shuriken as well as automatic weapons, Joe Musashi must prevent them from acquiring enough plutonium to melt the earth. The Cyber Shinobi is notorious for being one of the worst games in the series. Since it is mentioned in the manual that the hero's grandfather defeated Neo Zeed, the Joe Musashi-character in this game appears to be the grandson of the original Joe Musashi.[1]

The G.G. Shinobi (1991)[edit]

Main article: The G.G. Shinobi

The debut of Shinobi on the Game Gear system was simply titled Shinobi, though in Japan it was known as The GG Shinobi (The Game Gear Shinobi) and the game still carries this name internally in all regions. Its gameplay is largely reminiscent of The Revenge of Shinobi. In a take on the popular Japanese Super Sentai series, Shinobi revolves around the quest of five coloured ninjas (red, pink, blue, yellow and green) to bring down a powerful crime organization. The game starts with the player just controlling the red ninja and then freeing more and more of his compatriots as he progresses through each level. The soundtrack was once again composed by Yuzo Koshiro.[8][9]

The G.G. Shinobi II: The Silent Fury (1992)[edit]

The Silent Fury (also The G.G. Shinobi II) is a direct sequel to the original The G.G. Shinobi game on Game Gear, and features much of the same gameplay mechanics as its predecessor. Both The G.G. Shinobi and The Silent Fury were Game Gear exclusive games. It was scored by Yuzo Koshiro and Motohiro Kawashima.[1][8]

Shinobi III: Return of the Ninja Master (1993)[edit]

Known as The Super Shinobi II in Japan, Shinobi III is regarded by many as the high point of the series. It introduced a much smoother, faster style of gameplay while keeping the series' familiar trademarks firmly intact. The game marked Musashi's last appearance in a Shinobi game until Shinobi was released in 2002 for the PlayStation 2.[10] This iteration of the Shinobi game is the twelfth title in the Shinobi series since the 1987 original arcade game.[11]

Spin-off games[edit]

In 1990, Sega released Alex Kidd in Shinobi World on Sega Master System, a spoof of the original Shinobi game in which Alex Kidd takes the position of Joe Musashi. In the game, Alex Kidd has to rescue his girlfriend, a native of Shinobi World, from an evil ninja named Hanzo. A good ninja fuses into him and gives him his powers. Often related to the series is The Revenge of Shinobi, however, this game shares only the name and basic premise (ninja action) with other Shinobi titles.

In other media[edit]

Sega has formed the production company Stories International and teaming up with Evan Cholfin for film and TV projects based on theirs games with Shinobi as an animated project.[12]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "History of Shinobi". SEGA-16. May 25, 2011. Retrieved May 26, 2011. 
  2. ^ "Latest Nintendo Power confirms Sonic Generations, Shinobi for 3DS". GoNintendo. May 25, 2011. Retrieved May 26, 2011. 
  3. ^ "Return of the Ninja Master: Shinobi 3 Review". SEGA-16. May 25, 2011. Retrieved July 2014. 
  4. ^ a b c "Shadow Dancer: Secret of Shinobi Review". Sega-16. May 25, 2011. Retrieved July 8, 2014. 
  5. ^ Kalata, Kurt. "Shinobi". Hardcore Gaming 101. Retrieved 10 September 2011. 
  6. ^ Lesser, Hartley, Patricia, and Kirk (August 1991). "The Role of Computers". Dragon (172): 55–64 [58]. 
  7. ^ All platform release dates can be found in the article
  8. ^ a b c "Sega Stars Yuzo Koshiro". SEGA-16. May 25, 2011. Retrieved July 2014. 
  9. ^ History of Shinobi Sega-16
  10. ^ Crecente, Brian (26 May 2011). "Shinobi Delivers a Rare 3DS Game To Get Excited About". Kotaku. Gawker Media. Retrieved 27 May 2012. This is a Shinobi that leans heavily on the classic gameplay elements of that original arcade... 
  11. ^ Frank Cifaldi, Gamasutra. "Sega Revives Classic Shinobi Franchise With New 3DS Game." May 26, 2011. Retrieved May 31, 2011.
  12. ^ Marc Graser (December 11, 2014). "Sega Taps Evan Cholfin to Adapt its Videogames for Films, TV, Digital Platforms (EXCLUSIVE)". Variety. Retrieved December 11, 2014. 

External links[edit]