Shiogama, Miyagi

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Shiogama
塩竈市
City
Urato islandsShiogama Port, Shiogama ShrineAeon Shiogama, Shiogama Port Festival
Urato islands
Shiogama Port, Shiogama Shrine
Aeon Shiogama, Shiogama Port Festival
Flag of Shiogama
Flag
Official seal of Shiogama
Seal
Location of Shiogama in Miyagi Prefecture
Location of Shiogama in Miyagi Prefecture
Shiogama is located in Japan
Shiogama
Shiogama
 
Coordinates: 38°18′53″N 141°01′20″E / 38.31472°N 141.02222°E / 38.31472; 141.02222Coordinates: 38°18′53″N 141°01′20″E / 38.31472°N 141.02222°E / 38.31472; 141.02222
Country Japan
Region Tōhoku
Prefecture Miyagi
Area
 • Total 17.86 km2 (6.90 sq mi)
Population (August 2014)
 • Total 54,621
 • Density 3,060/km2 (7,900/sq mi)
Time zone Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)
- Tree Shiogama Sakura
- Flower White Chrysanthemum
Phone number 022-364-1111
Address 1-1 Asahimachi, Shiogama-shi, Miyagi-ken 985-8501
Website Official website

Shiogama (塩竈市 Shiogama-shi?) is a city located in Miyagi Prefecture, Japan. As of August 2014, the city had an estimated population of 54,621 and a population density of 3060 persons per km². The total area was 17.86  km².

Geography[edit]

Shiogama is in north-central Miyagi Prefecture, bordered by the Pacific Ocean to the east.

Neighboring municipalities[edit]

Entomology[edit]

Shiogama's name means "salt cauldron", and this refers to an ancient Shinto ritual involving the making of salt from sea water that is still performed every July at the Okama Jinja Shrine. "Shiogama" is sometimes written using the kanji "塩釜" rather than "塩竈". As 竈 is a furnace that a kettle (釜) is placed upon, the two kanji, although similar, are not interchangeable in regular usage. However, while "塩竈" is used in official place names under the jurisdiction of the city, other places typically use "塩釜", such as JR Shiogama Station.

Although much more rarely used, there is also a third form of 'Shiogama', taking as its first kanji the old character for salt "鹽". The only incidence of this form in contemporary use is at Shiogama Jinja "鹽竈神社".

History[edit]

The area of present-day Shiogama was part of ancient Mutsu Province, and has been settled since at least the Jomon period by the Emishi people. During the Nara period, the area came under the control of colonists from the Yamato dynasty based at nearby Tagajō and was the most important seaport in Mutsu. The ruins of the provincial capital of Mutsu Province have been found within the city borders. During later portion of the Heian period, the area was ruled by the Northern Fujiwara. During the Sengoku period, the area was contested by various samurai clans before the area came under the control of the Date clan of Sendai Domain during the Edo period, under the Tokugawa shogunate. The town of Shiogama was established with the creation of the municipalities system on April 1, 1889. Parts of Tagajō and Shichigahama were incorporated into Shiogama of September 1, 1938. Shiogama was raised to city status on November 23, 1941 (187th, nationally; 3rd in Miyagi). The city annexed the Gyūchi area of neighboring Tagajō on December 1, 1949 and the villgae of Urato on April 1, 1950.

The city was affected by the tsunami caused by the 2011 Tōhoku earthquake,[1] although damage to its fishing industry turned out to be light.[2]

Economy[edit]

The economy of Shiogama is largely based on commercial fishing, especially of tuna, and fish processing. The city also boasts of the highest density of sushi restaurants in Japan.

Transportation[edit]

Railway[edit]

Highway[edit]

National highways[edit]

Miyagi Prefectural Highways[edit]

  • Miyagi Prefectural Route 3 (Shiogama—Yoshioka)
  • Miyagi Prefectural Route 10 (Shiogama—Watari)
  • Miyagi Prefectural Route 11 (Shiogama—Shiogama-kō)
  • Miyagi Prefectural Route 23 (Sendai—Shiogama)
  • Miyagi Prefectural Route 35 (Izumi—Shiogama)
  • Miyagi Prefectural Route 58 (Shiogama—Shichigahama—Tagajō)

Local attractions[edit]

Festivals[edit]

Specialties and crafts[edit]

Visitor attractions[edit]

Notable people from Shiogama[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://themes.thestar.com/photo/0eira3V9EGfFA a tsunami wave engulfing vehicles and houses in Shiogama
  2. ^ Aoki, Mizuho, "Fish processors rise to challenge", Japan Times, 9 April 2011, p. 3.

External links[edit]