Shipley (UK Parliament constituency)

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Shipley
County constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Shipley in West Yorkshire.
Outline map
Location of West Yorkshire within England.
County West Yorkshire
Electorate 68,129 (December 2010)[1]
Major settlements Shipley, Bingley, Baildon
Current constituency
Created 1885
Member of Parliament Philip Davies (Conservative)
Number of members One
Created from Northern West Riding of Yorkshire
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency Yorkshire and the Humber

Shipley is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2005 by Philip Davies, a Conservative.[n 2]

Boundaries[edit]

Shipley is composed of the following wards within the City of Bradford: Bingley Rural, Bingley, Shipley, Baildon, Wharfedale and Windhill and Wrose.[2]

History[edit]

1885-1970[edit]

This seat was created in the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885. Until 1923 the seat was almost exclusively represented by elected Liberals and Arthur Creech Jones was Secretary of State for the Colonies (1946-1950) during most of the Attlee Ministry.

MPs since 1970[edit]

Shipley was for a long time the seat of ex-Chairman of the Conservative 1922 Committee, Sir Marcus Fox. He held the seat for almost 30 years between the 1970 and 1997 general elections.

At the 1997 general election, the young Labour candidate Chris Leslie won the seat from Fox, becoming the youngest MP of that parliament. He held the seat at the 2001 election and went on to become a junior minister. A number of traditional Labour supporters considered Leslie to be an ardent Blairite, though he was in fact equally close to Gordon Brown, one of whose staff he married, and whose campaign for election as Labour leader he helped run.[3]

Leslie narrowly lost the seat in the 2005 election, when the Conservative candidate Philip Davies scored a narrow victory and won by 422 votes, then to be re-elected with an increased majority of nearly ten thousand votes in the May 2010 general election.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member[4] Party
1885 Joseph Craven Liberal
1892 William Pollard Byles Lib-Lab
1895 James Fortescue Flannery Liberal Unionist
1906 Percy Holden Illingworth Liberal
1915 Oswald Partington Liberal
1918 Henry Norman Rae Liberal
1923 William Mackinder Labour
1930 James Horace Lockwood Conservative
1935 Arthur Creech Jones Labour
1950 Geoffrey Hirst Conservative
1970 Marcus Fox Conservative
1997 Chris Leslie Labour
2005 Philip Davies Conservative

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2010: Shipley[5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Philip Davies 24,002 48.6 +9.7
Labour Susan Hinchcliffe 14,058 28.4 -9.4
Liberal Democrat John Harris 9,890 20.0 +4.8
Green Kevin Warnes 1,477 3.0 -0.4
Majority 9,944 20.1
Turnout 49,427 73.0 +4.9
Conservative hold Swing +9.6

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

Shipley, shown here after the 2005 general election as the only Conservative constituency in West Yorkshire
General Election 2005: Shipley
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Philip Davies 18,608 39.0 −1.9
Labour Chris Leslie 18,186 38.2 −5.8
Liberal Democrat John Briggs 7,018 14.7 +3.8
BNP Tom Linden 2,000 4.2 N/A
Green Quentin Deakin 1,665 3.5 +0.5
Iraq War. Not In My Name David Crabtree 189 0.4 N/A
Majority 422 0.9
Turnout 47,666 80.0 +13.8
Conservative gain from Labour Swing 2.0
General Election 2001: Shipley
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Chris Leslie 20,243 44.0 +0.6
Conservative David Senior 18,815 40.9 +3.1
Liberal Democrat Helen Wright 4,996 10.9 −4.2
Green Martin Love 1,386 3.0 N/A
UKIP Walter Whitaker 580 1.3 N/A
Majority 1,428 3.1
Turnout 46,020 66.2 −10.2
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: Shipley
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Chris Leslie 22,962 43.3 +14.8
Conservative Marcus Fox 19,996 37.8 -12.6
Liberal Democrat John Cole 7,984 15.1 -4.9
Referendum Party Stephen Ellams 1,960 3.7
Majority 2,966 4.3
Turnout 52,902 76.3 -5.8
Labour gain from Conservative Swing +13.8
General Election 1992: Shipley[6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Marcus Fox 28,463 50.4 +0.9
Labour Annie Lockwood 16,081 28.5 +5.2
Liberal Democrat John Cole 11,288 20.0 -6.3
Green C M Harris 680 1.2 +0.3
Majority 12,382 21.9 -0.3
Turnout 56,512 82.1 +2.9
Conservative hold Swing -2.2

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1987: Shipley
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Marcus Fox 26,941 49.5 -0.2
Liberal William Wallace 14,311 26.3 -1.4
Labour Christopher Butler 12,699 23.3 +1.7
Green C M Harris 507 0.9 -0.1
Majority 12,630 23.2 +1.2
Turnout 54,428 79.2 +2.2
Conservative hold Swing +0.6
General Election 1983: Shipley
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Marcus Fox 25,866 49.7 -2.8
Liberal William Wallace 14,421 27.7 +14.5
Labour Martin Leathley 11,218 21.6 -11.6
Ecology S Shepherd 521 1.0 -0.1
Majority 11,445 22.0 +2.7
Turnout 52,026 77.0 -3.5
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1979: Shipley
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Marcus Fox 22,641 52.5 +8.5
Labour P R Ward 14,281 33.2 -3.6
Liberal G G Roberts 5,673 13.2 -6.0
Ecology D R Pedley 486 1.1
Majority 8,360 19.3 +12.1
Turnout 43,081 80.5 -0.5
Conservative hold Swing
General Election, October 1974: Shipley
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Marcus Fox 18,518 44.0 +0.9
Labour M J Wedgeworth 15,482 36.8 +2.9
Liberal G G Roberts 8,094 19.2 -3.4
Majority 3,036 7.2 -2.0
Turnout 42,094 81.0 +6.4
Conservative hold Swing
General Election, February 1974: Shipley
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Marcus Fox 19,439 43.1
Labour M J Wedgeworth 15,284 33.9
Liberal G G Roberts 10,158 22.6
Independent Democratic Alliance C G Campion 192 0.4
Majority 4,155 9.2
Turnout 45,073 87.4
Conservative hold Swing
General Election, 1970: Shipley
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Marcus Fox 20,938 50.37
Labour N. Free 16,161 38.88
Liberal A.M. Micklem 4,468 10.75
Majority 4,777 11.49
Turnout 82.42
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

General Election 1966: Shipley
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Geoffrey Hirst 18,466 46.47
Labour J. Collins 16,966 42.70
Liberal J.P. Heppell 4,304 10.83
Majority 1,500 3.77
Turnout 86.58
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1964: Shipley
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Geoffrey Hirst 19,076 57.95
Labour C. Price 15,545 39.07
Liberal J.P. Heppell 5,165 12.98
Majority 3,531 8.87
Turnout 86.67
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1959: Shipley
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Geoffrey Hirst 22,536 56.97
Labour M. English 17,025 43.03
Majority 5,511 13.93
Turnout 87.02
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1955: Shipley
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Geoffrey Hirst 22,582 56.69
Labour E.E. Gardner 17,251 43.31
Majority 5,331 13.38
Turnout 86.21
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1951: Shipley
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Geoffrey Hirst 20,396 47.78
Labour T.J. Roberts 18,893 44.26
Liberal S.J. Berwin 3,399 7.96
Majority 1,503 3.52
Turnout 90.48
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1950: Shipley
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Geoffrey Hirst 18,390 43.83
Labour Arthur Creech Jones 18,309 43.64
Liberal W.A. Lupton 5,021 11.97
Communist L.T. Robb 237 0.56
Majority 81 0.19
Turnout 89.31
Conservative gain from Labour Swing

Election in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1945: Shipley
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Arthur Creech Jones 25,027 50.11
Conservative H. Hylton Foster 17,097 34.23
Liberal E. Robinson 7,820 15.66
Majority 7,930 15.88
Turnout 80.39
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 1935: Shipley
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Arthur Creech Jones 16,102 36.0
Liberal Percy Guy Illingworth 11,595 25.9
Conservative Thomas Howarth 10,998 24.6
Independent Conservative James Horace Lockwood 6,025 13.5
Majority 4,507 10.1
Turnout 77.5
Labour gain from Conservative Swing
General Election 1931: Shipley
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative James Horace Lockwood 27,304 64.0
Labour William Albert Robinson 14,725 34.5
New Party W.J. Leaper 601 1.4
Majority 12,579 29.5
Turnout 79.7
Conservative hold Swing
Shipley by-election 1930

52,856

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative James Horace Lockwood 15,238 36.0 +4.9
Labour William Albert Robinson 13,537 32.1
Liberal Arthur Davy 12,785 30.2
Communist William Gallacher 701 1.7
Majority 1,665 3.9
Turnout 80.0
Conservative gain from Labour Swing

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

Francis W. Hirst
General Election 1929: Shipley[7]

Electorate 51,838

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour William Mackinder 18,654 42.3 +6.3
Unionist Sir Robert Clough 13,693 31.1 -3.1
Liberal Francis Wrigley Hirst 11,712 26.6 -3.2
Majority 4,961 11.2 +9.4
Turnout 85.0 -1.4
Labour hold Swing +4.7
General Election 1924: Shipley[8]

Electorate 38,120

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour William Mackinder 11,862 36.0 -2.4
Unionist Hon. Thomas Hall Rokeby Plumer 11,266 34.2 +5.6
Liberal Percy John Pybus 9,800 29.8 -3.2
Majority 596 1.8 -3.6
Turnout 86.4 +3.7
Labour hold Swing -4.0
General Election 1923: Shipley[9]

Electorate 37,552

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour William Mackinder 11,918 38.4 +1.2
Liberal Percy John Pybus 10,262 33.0 +20.8
Unionist Richard Garnett 8,872 28.6 n/a
Majority 1,656 5.4 8.8
Turnout 82.7 +1.0
Labour gain from National Liberal Swing n/a
General Election 1922: Shipley[10]

Electorate 36,781

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
National Liberal Sir Henry Norman Rae 12,201 40.6 -34.0
Labour William Mackinder 11,160 37.2 +11.8
Liberal Arthur Davy 6,674 12.2 n/a
Majority 3.4
Turnout 81.7 +18.7
National Liberal hold Swing

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General Election 1918: Shipley[11]

Electorate 35,566

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Coalition Liberal Henry Norman Rae 16,700 74.6
Labour Thomas Snowden 5,690 25.4
Majority 11,010 49.2
Turnout 63.0
Coalition Liberal hold Swing
Shipley by-election, 1915: Shipley
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Oswald Partington unopposed
General Election December 1910: Shipley
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Percy Holden Illingworth unopposed
Ministerial by-election, 10 March 1910
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Percy Holden Illingworth unopposed
General Election January 1910: Shipley
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Percy Holden Illingworth 9,144 63.0
Liberal Unionist W A S Hewins 5,369 37.0
Majority 3,775 26.0
Turnout 12,507 88.9
Liberal hold Swing

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

General Election 1906: Shipley
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Percy Holden Illingworth
General Election 1900: Shipley
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Unionist James Fortescue Flannery 6,284 50.2 -0.1
Liberal Percy Holden Illingworth 6,223 49.8 +0.1
Majority 61 0.4 -0.2
Turnout 12,507 83.4 +0.4
Liberal Unionist hold Swing

Elections in the 1890s[edit]

General Election 1895: Shipley
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Unionist James Fortescue Flannery 5,999 50.3 +1.6
Lib-Lab William Pollard Byles 5,921 49.7 -1.6
Majority 78 0.6
Turnout 11,920 83.0
Liberal Unionist gain from Lib-Lab Swing
General Election 1892: Shipley
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Lib-Lab William Pollard Byles 5,746 51.3 -8.0
Liberal Unionist T Peel 5,464 48.7 +8.0
Majority 282 2.6 -16
Turnout 11,210 76.0
Lib-Lab hold Swing

Elections in the 1880s[edit]

General Election 1886: Shipley
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Joseph Craven
General Election 1885: Shipley
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Joseph Craven 7,022 59.3
Conservative L Hardy 4,825 40.7
Majority 2,197 18.6
Turnout 11,847 84.2

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
References
  1. ^ "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  2. ^ 2010 post-revision map Greater London and metropolitan areas of England
  3. ^ Chris Leslie: Statement in full BBC News, 29 November 2007
  4. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "S" (part 3)[self-published source][better source needed]
  5. ^ "UK > England > Yorkshire & the Humber > Shipley". Election 2010 (BBC News). 7 May 2010. Retrieved 12 May 2010. 
  6. ^ "UK General Election results April 1992". Election 1992. Political Science Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 6 December 2010. 
  7. ^ Craig, F. W. S. (1983). British parliamentary election results 1918-1949 (3 ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.
  8. ^ Craig, F. W. S. (1983). British parliamentary election results 1918-1949 (3 ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.
  9. ^ Craig, F. W. S. (1983). British parliamentary election results 1918-1949 (3 ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.
  10. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1918-1949, Craig
  11. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1918-1949, Craig

Sources[edit]

Coordinates: 53°51′N 1°48′W / 53.850°N 1.800°W / 53.850; -1.800