Shipova

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Shipova
Shipova fruit.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Rosales
Family: Rosaceae
Subfamily: Amygdaloideae[1]
Genus: × Sorbopyrus
Species: × S. auricularis
Binomial name
× Sorbopyrus auricularis
C.K.Schneid.
Synonyms[2]
  • Azarolus pollvilleriana Borkh.
  • Lazarolus pollveria Medik.
  • Pyrus bollwylleriana DC.
  • Pyrus irregularis Münchh.
  • Pyrus malifolia Spach
  • Pyrus pollveria L.
  • Pyrus pollvilla C. C. Gmel.
  • Pyrus pollwilleriana J. Bauhin ex Decne.
  • Pyrus tomentosa Moench
  • × Sorbopyrus malifolia (Spach) C. K. Schneid. ex Bean

The ShipovaSorbopyrus auricularis) is a hybrid between the European Pear (Pyrus communis) and the Common Whitebeam (Sorbus aria). It is a small to medium-sized tree growing to 10-18 m tall, with deciduous oval leaves 7-11 cm long and 5-6 cm broad. The fruit is a pome 2.5-3 cm long; it is edible with a sweet, yellowish flesh, which tastes similar to a Nashi Pear.

History[edit]

The hybrid, known as the Bollwiller Pear, first arose at Bollwiller in Alsace, France, before 1619, and has mostly been propagated by grafting since then; it is nearly sterile, only rarely producing any viable seeds. Two successful seedling propagations have been named as the cultivar 'Bulbiformis' and as the species Pyrus malifolia. However shipova trees are not widely cultivated. Shipova is the only known species in the nothogenus × Sorbopyrus (the hybrid genus of Sorbus and Pyrus)

Similar hybrids[edit]

Other intergeneric hybrids within tribe Maleae that include Sorbus as one of the parents are:

Alternative genus names[edit]

The genus Sorbopyrus (a name published in 1906) has also been known as Bollwilleria Zabel (published 1907), and as Pyraria A.Chev. (published 1925).[3]

References and external links[edit]

  1. ^ Potter, D.; Eriksson, T.; Evans, R.C.; Oh, S.H.; Smedmark, J.E.E.; Morgan, D.R.; Kerr, M.; Robertson, K.R.; Arsenault, M.P.; Dickinson, T.A.; Campbell, C.S. (2007). Phylogeny and classification of Rosaceae. Plant Systematics and Evolution. 266(1–2): 5–43. [Using the name Spiraeoideae to refer to the subfamily now known as Amygdaloideae]
  2. ^ "USDA GRIN Taxonomy". 
  3. ^ Alfred Rehder (1949). "Bibliography of cultivated trees and shrubs hardy in the cooler temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere". Arnold Arboretum of Harvard University. p. 260.