Shirak Province administration in Gyumri
Location of Shirak within Armenia
|• Governor||Felix Tsolakyan (2013-)|
|• Total||2,681 km2 (1,035 sq mi)|
|• Density||94/km2 (240/sq mi)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+05 (UTC)|
|ISO 3166 code||AM-SH|
Shirak (Armenian: Շիրակ) is a province (marz) of Armenia. It is located in the north-west of the country, bordering Turkey in the west and Georgia in the north. Its capital is Gyumri. Shirak is known as the homeland of khash. It is as much semi-desert as it is mountain meadow or high alpine. In the south, the high steppes crash into mountain terrain, verdant green in the spring, hues of reddish brown in the summer. Shirak is served by Shirak International Airport near Gyumri.
The ancient history of Shirak is similar to its cousin the Ararat Valley, steeped in legend to some, but found by archaeologists to have been inhabited 25,000 years ago, with settlements popping up along the Akhurian Valley beginning around 9000 BC. Agriculturally based, the region has few of the metallurgical centers found South, but still had sophisticated settlements.
Shirak borders the following provinces:
The province of Shirak consists of the following 119 communities (hamaynkner), of which 3 are considered urban and 116 are considered rural.
Towns or urban communities
|Image||City (town)||Province||Founded||Land area (km2)||Population (2011 est.)|
|Gyumri||Shirak||5th century BC as Kumayri
rebuilt in 1837 as Alexandropol
|Maralik||Shirak||5th century (first mentioned)||4||6,100|
Villages or rural communities
- Shirak guide with detailed descriptions, by Rick Ney
- Shirak Marz Tourist Guide
- Shirak Regional Museum
- Report of the results of the 2001 Armenian Census, National Statistical Service of the Republic of Armenia
- Shirak Marz: page 3 of 35 – TourArmenia
- "RA Shirak Marz". Marzes of the Republic of Armenia in Figures, 2002–2006. National Statistical Service of the Republic of Armenia. 2007.