Shirane-class destroyer

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Kurama (DDH-144) at sea in 2011
Kurama (DDH-144) at sea in 2011
Class overview
Name: Shirane class destroyer
Builders: Ishikawajima-Harima, Tokyo
Operators:  Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force
Preceded by: Haruna class
Built: 1977–1981
In commission: 1980–
Completed: 2
Active: 2
General characteristics
Type: destroyer
Displacement: 5,200 long tons (5,283 t) standard
7,500 long tons (7,620 t) full load
Length: 159 m (522 ft)
Beam: 17.5 m (57 ft 5 in)
Draft: 5.3 m (17 ft 5 in)
Propulsion: 2 × IHI boilers 850 psi (60 kg/cm², 5.9 MPa), 430 °C
2 × turbines
2 shafts
70,000 shp (52 MW)
Speed: 31 knots (36 mph; 57 km/h)
Complement: 350
360 (DDH-144)
20 staff
Sensors and
processing systems:
OPS-12 3D Air-search radar
• OPS-28 surface-search radar
• OQS-101 bow sonar
• SQS-35/SQR-18 VDS-TASS
Electronic warfare
& decoys:
• NOLQ-1 integrated suite
• OLR-9B RWR
Mark 36 SRBOC
Armament: Sea Sparrow SAM launcher
ASROC Mk 112 octuple launcher
• 2 × FMC 5"/54 caliber Mark 42 guns
• 2 × 20 mm Phalanx CIWS
• 2 × Mark 32 triple torpedo tubes (Mk-46 torpedoes)
Aircraft carried: 3 × SH-60J(K) anti-submarine helicopters

The Shirane-class destroyers are a pair of Japanese destroyers originally built during the late 1970s and still in active service. They are built around a large central hangar which houses up to three helicopters and they are the natural successor of the Haruna-class destroyers.

Design[edit]

The Shirane class incorporates an improved design based on the Haruna-class destroyers. The ships propulsion include two steam boilers with two shafts that produce 70.000 hp and gives a maximum speed of 32 knots.

Its armament includes two Mk.42 127mm guns, two 20-mm Phalanx close-in weapon systems, one Surface-to-air RIM-7 Sea Sparrow launcher, torpedoes and anti-submarine rockets.[1] The ships are expected to be replaced by the new Izumo-class helicopter destroyers.

Ships in the class[edit]

Pennant no. Name Laid down Launched Commissioned Decommissioned Home port
DDH-143 Shirane 25 February 1977 18 September 1978 17 March 1980 Expected in 2014 Yokosuka
DDH-144 Kurama 17 February 1978 20 September 1979 27 March 1981 Sasebo

Operational use[edit]

On December 15, 2007, a fire broke out on board the Shirane near the rudder house as it was anchored at Yokosuka. It took seven hours to extinguish and injured four crew members.[2]

On 27 October 2009, the JS Kurama collided with a South Korean container ship under the Kanmonkyo Bridge in the Kanmon Straits off the coast of Japan.[3] While neither ship sunk, the bow of the Kurama was badly damaged and burned for hours. Three Kurama crew members were reported injured.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.naval-technology.com/projects/shirane-class-helicopter-destroyers-japan/
  2. ^ "Latest Stories". www.dawn.com. December 15, 2007. Retrieved 2010-08-14. 
  3. ^ Mari Yamaguchi (2009-10-27). "World Naval Ships Forums - View Single Post - JDS Kurama (DDH-144) Collision". www.worldnavalships.com. Retrieved 2010-08-14. 
  4. ^ "CBC News - World - Japanese destroyer collides with Korean ship". cbc.ca. 2009-10-27. Retrieved 2010-08-14. 

External links[edit]