Shire of Carpentaria

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Shire of Carpentaria
Queensland
Carpentaria LGA Qld.png
Location within Queensland
Population 2,149 (2010)[1]
 • Density 0.033384/km2 (0.086463/sq mi)
Established 1883
Area 64,372.7 km2 (24,854.4 sq mi)
Mayor Fred Pascoe
Council seat Normanton
Region Far North Queensland
State electorate(s) Mount Isa, Cook
Federal Division(s) Kennedy
Website www.carpentaria.qld.gov.au
LGAs around Shire of Carpentaria:
Gulf of Carpentaria Kowanyama Cook
Gulf of Carpentaria Shire of Carpentaria Mareeba
Burke Cloncurry, McKinlay Croydon

The Shire of Carpentaria is a local government area in Far North Queensland, Australia on the Gulf of Carpentaria, for which it is named.

It covers an area of 64,372.7 square kilometres (24,854.4 sq mi), and has existed as a local government entity since 1883. Its two main population centres are the towns of Karumba, a fishing port, and Normanton, the administrative centre, both of which are located on the Norman River.

History[edit]

Map of Carpentaria Division and adjacent local government areas, March 1902

The Doonmunya Division was created on 11 November 1879 as one of 74 divisions around Queensland under the Divisional Boards Act 1879 with a population of 396.[2] However, the divisional board appeared to be completely inactive, perhaps because the division was so large (being the area surrounding the southern part of the Gulf of Carpentaria) and was very sparsely settled.[3] Nonetheless some of the citizens were unhappy about this.[4] Consequently, on 11 January 1883, the Doonmunya Division was abolished and a new Carpentaria Division was created to replace it.[5][6][7]

Given the size of the Carpentaria Division, the distance to its headquarters in Normanton was an issue for residents in the Cloncurry area, leading to a desire to create their own local division.[8] On 7 February 1884, part of Carpentaria Division was separated to create the new Cloncurry Division.[9][10]

However, once the Carpentaria Divisional Board became operational, the residents of the Burketown area became concerned that their rates were likely to be spent on the Normanton area rather than their own and began to agitate for their own division west of the Leichhardt River.[11] On 30 January 1885, the Burke Division was created from lands formerly within the Carpentaria Division with some adjustments to the Cloncurry Division.[12][13][14]

With the passage of the Local Authorities Act 1902, Carpentaria Division became the Shire of Carpentaria on 31 March 1903.[7][15]

Prior to 2005, two Aboriginal communities (Kowanyama and Pormpuraaw) administered under Deed of Grant in Trust by community councils since the mid-1980s, were part of the Shire's area, but they were formally excised and given a new status as Aboriginal Shires.

Towns and localities[edit]

Chairmen and mayors[edit]

  • 1927: J. K. Casey[16]
  • March 2009— : Fred Pascoe[17]

Population[edit]

Prior to 1971, Aboriginal people who form a majority of the population were not counted in census statistics.

Until 1 July 2002, the Australian Bureau of Statistics included the Island and DOGIT councils within the Shire of Cook statistical local area. Information for the reduced Shire back to 1996 has been provided on the ABS website through the Time Series Profile.

Year Population
1879 396
1933 696
1947 610
1954 566
1961 834
1966 1,031
1971 2,558
1976 2,809
1981 3,273
1986 3,287
1991 3,807
1996 2,790 4,271
2001 3,178 4,844
2006 3,149 4,770

References[edit]

  1. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 March 2011). "Regional Population Growth, Australia, 2009–10". Retrieved 11 June 2011. 
  2. ^ "Proclamation [Doonmunya Division constituted]". Queensland Government Gazette. 11 November 1879. p. 25:1007. 
  3. ^ "Local Government Practically Applied.". The Queenslander (Brisbane, Qld. : 1866 – 1939) (Brisbane, Qld.: National Library of Australia). 15 January 1881. p. 71. Retrieved 4 October 2013. 
  4. ^ "NORMANTON.". The Brisbane Courier (Qld. : 1864 – 1933) (Qld.: National Library of Australia). 12 January 1883. p. 6. Retrieved 4 October 2013. 
  5. ^ "Proclamation [Doonmunya Division abolished]". Queensland Government Gazette. 13 January 1883. p. 32:98. 
  6. ^ "Proclamation [Carpentaria Division constituted]". Queensland Government Gazette. 13 January 1883. p. 32:98. 
  7. ^ a b "Agency ID556, Carpentaria Divisional Board". Queensland State Archives. Retrieved 12 September 2013. 
  8. ^ "CLONCURRY.". The Brisbane Courier (Qld. : 1864 – 1933) (Qld.: National Library of Australia). 23 January 1884. p. 6. Retrieved 5 October 2013. 
  9. ^ "Proclamation [Cloncurry Division constituted]". Queensland Government Gazette. 9 February 1884. p. 34:326-327. 
  10. ^ "Proclamation [Carpentaria Division amended]". Queensland Government Gazette. 9 February 1884. p. 34:326. 
  11. ^ "BURKETOWN.". The Brisbane Courier (Qld. : 1864 – 1933) (Qld.: National Library of Australia). 26 September 1884. p. 6. Retrieved 5 October 2013. 
  12. ^ "Proclamation [Burke Division constituted]". Queensland Government Gazette. 31 January 1885. p. 36:328-329. 
  13. ^ "Proclamation [Carpentaria Division amended]". Queensland Government Gazette. 31 January 1885. p. 36:328. 
  14. ^ "Proclamation [Cloncurry Division amended]". Queensland Government Gazette. 31 January 1885. p. 36:327-328. 
  15. ^ "Agency ID557, Carpentaria Shire Council". Queensland State Archives. Retrieved 12 September 2013. 
  16. ^ Pugh, Theophilus Parsons (1927). Pugh's Almanac for 1927. Retrieved 13 June 2014. 
  17. ^ "Mayor Fred Pascoe". Carpentaria Shire. Carpentaria Shire Counil. Archived from the original on 14 June 2014. Retrieved 15 June 2014. 

External links[edit]

  • "Carpentaria Shire". Queensland Places. Centre for the Government of Queensland, University of Queensland. 

Coordinates: 17°40′16.33″S 141°04′34″E / 17.6712028°S 141.07611°E / -17.6712028; 141.07611