The Shire is governed and administered by the Towong Shire Council; its seat of local government and administrative centre is located at the council headquarters in Tallangatta, it also has a service centre located in Corryong. The Shire is named after an earlier shire, the Shire of Towong (1874–1920), which occupied the same region as the current LGA.
The council meets in the council chambers at the council headquarters in the Tallangatta Municipal Offices, which is also the location of the council's administrative activities. It also provides customer services at both its administrative centre in Tallangatta, and its service centre in Corryong.
^ abCensus QuickStats (2011). "Towong (S) – LGA26670". Australian Bureau of Statistics. Government of Australia. Retrieved 10 January 2014.
^ abVictoria Government Gazette – Online Archive (1837–1997). Order estg (Part 2) the Shire of Towong. "S87 of 1994". State Library of Victoria. State Government of Victoria (published 18 November 1994). p. 3. Retrieved 10 January 2014.
^Local Government in Victoria. "Towong Shire Council". Department of Transport, Planning and Local Infrastructure. State Government of Victoria. Retrieved 10 January 2014.