Shirlee Emmons (August 5, 1923 – April 16, 2010) was an American classical soprano, voice teacher, and author on vocal pedagogy. She began her career in the early 1940s as a concert soprano, eventually becoming one of the original singers in the Robert Shaw Chorale in 1948. She branched out into opera in the 1950s; performing mainly with regional companies in the United States. She achieved several honours as a performer, including winning the Marian Anderson Award in 1953 and an Obie Award in 1956.
In 1964 Emmons abandoned her career as a singer to begin a second career as a voice teacher which lasted until her death 46 years later. She taught on the faculties of several universities, including Boston University and Princeton University, and gave masterclasses and guest lectures at schools like the University of California and Westminster Choir College. Several of her students have had successful singing careers, including Metropolitan Opera stars Harolyn Blackwell and Hei-Kyung Hong. She co-authored 4 books on the art of singing, penned a biography on tenor Lauritz Melchior, and also contributed articles to numerous music publications.
Early life and education
Born in Stevens Point, Wisconsin, Emmons was the daughter of Myron Emmons and Irene Emmons (née Kortendick). She attended P.J. Jacobs High School in her native town from which she graduated in 1940. She then entered Lawrence University in Appleton, Wisconsin where she earned a Bachelor of Music degree in 1944 and was later awarded an honorary doctorate from the university in 2000. She pursued further studies at the Curtis Institute of Music under Elisabeth Schumann and studied in New York City with William Herman. In 1950 she was awarded a Fulbright Scholarship which enabled her to study opera in Italy at the University for Foreigners Perugia and with conductor Mario Cordone at the Music Conservatoire "Giuseppe Verdi", Milan. She later studied with Berton Coffin and at the University of Mary Washington.
Emmons began her career as a concert soprano in cities in Wisconsion, Minnesota, and in Chicago in the early 1940s. In 1947 she gave her first performance in New York City as the soprano soloist in Ludwig van Beethoven's Mass in C major with the Collegiate Chorale under conductor Robert Shaw at Town Hall. She performed with that choir and Shaw again at Town Hall in the world premiere of Peter Mennin's Symphony No. 4 in 1949. In 1948 she joined Shaw's newly formed Robert Shaw Chorale with whom she performed both as an ensemble member and as a soloist into the early 1950s. She made several recordings with the group on the RCA Victor label. She also appeared as a soloist on a number of occasions with the Dessoff Choirs under conductor Paul Boepple in the 1950s; including appearing with the choir at Carnegie Hall as the soprano soloist in Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart's Mass in C minor (1954, with tenor John McCollum) and George Frideric Handel's Israel in Egypt (1957).
In 1953 Emmons won the Marian Anderson Award and that same year was featured on the very first program of the Lauritz Melchior Show. She also toured Brazil in recital that year under the auspices of the National Music League. In 1955 she sang the title role in Giacomo Puccini's Tosca with the Baltimore Symphony Orchestra. In 1956 she portrayed Guadalena in the American Opera Society's production of Jacques Offenbach's La Périchole at Town Hall with Jennie Tourel in the title role. That same year she portrayed Susan B. Anthony in Virgil Thomson's The Mother of Us All Off-Broadway in New York, a performance for which she won an Obie Award. In 1957 she created the role of Sister Rose Ora Easter in the world premiere of Jack Beeson's opera The Sweet Bye and Bye at the Juilliard School. That same year she sang Fiordiligi in Mozart's Così fan tutte and the title role in Richard Strauss's Ariadne auf Naxos at the Santa Fe Opera. She also sang at the Festival dei Due Mondi in Spoleto, Italy and performed in leading roles with the NBC Opera Theatre.
Emmons abandoned her performance career in favor of teaching in the mid 1960s. She served on the voice faculties of numerous institutions during her lifetime, including Columbia University (1964–1967), Princeton University (1967–1981), Boston University (1982–1989), the American Institute of Musical Studies in Graz (1983, 1985), Rutgers University (1990–1993), the State University of New York (1990–1996), and the City University of New York (1990–1997). She was also a visiting professor at Daegu University (1998) and Myongji University (2002), and operated a private voice studio in New York City from 1964 until her death in 2010. Three of her notable pupils were operatic sopranos Harolyn Blackwell, Hei-Kyung Hong, and Patrice Michaels.
In 1994 Emmons became the first female national president of the American Academy of Teachers of Singing, a position she held for several years. She co-authored four books on the art of singing: The Art of Song Recital, Power Performance for Singers, Researching the Song, and Prescriptions for Choral Excellence. She also wrote a biography on legendary tenor Lauritz Melchior, Tristanissimo, and contributed articles to a variety of music publications; including American Music Teacher, The Classical Singer, The Journal of Voice, The NATS Journal, and The Singer's Foundation Magazine.
- "Obituaries: Shirlee Emmons Baldwin". The Portage County Gazette. April 2010.
- "Local Girl Makes Good: Homecoming For Shirlee Emmons". The Milwaukee Sentinel. May 11, 1952.
- "Shirlee Emmons Flys to Brazil in New Program". The Free Lance–Star. July 28, 1953.
- Ross Parmenter (November 17, 1947). "Beethoven Mass FOR New Friends; Work in C Major Is Feature of Concert -- Collegiate Choral and Shaw Assist". The New York Times.
- "CHORALE PRESENTS NEW MENNIN WORK; Collegiate Group Under Shaw Features 'Cycle' in Annual Concert in Carnegie Hall". The New York Times. March 19, 1949.
- Howard Taubman (June 28, 1954). "Boepple Directs Dessoff Choirs In Mozart Mass at Carnegie Hall; Shirlee Emmons and Christina Cardillo Appear as Soloists -- John McCollum Is Tenor". The New York Times.
- Ross Parmenter (May 2, 1957). "Music: Handel Oratorio; Paul Boepple Leads 'Israel in Egypt'". The New York Times.
- "Soprano to Tour Brazil in Exchange of Artists". The New York Times. July 24, 1953.
- Lauritz Melchior: The golden years of Bayreuth By Ib Melchior, Lauritz Melchior
- "Opera: 'La Perichole' at Town Hall; Final Work in Series Stars Jennie Tourel". The New York Times. February 15, 1956.
- Howard Taubman (April 17, 1956). "Opera: The Aging 'Mother of Us All'; Thomson-Stein Work Revived at Phoenix Americana Mood Piece Shows Its Slickness Virginia Fleming Sings". The New York Times.
- Howard Taubman (November 25, 1957). "Opera: Debut at Juilliard". The New York Times.
- Santa Fe Opera Archives