||This biographical article needs additional citations for verification. (December 2013)|
|1st United States Secretary of Education|
November 30, 1979 – January 20, 1981
|Preceded by||Position established|
|Succeeded by||Terrel Bell|
|Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit|
September 12, 1968 – November 30, 1979
|Appointed by||Lyndon Johnson|
|Preceded by||Seat established|
|Succeeded by||Robert Boochever|
August 24, 1925 |
Denver, Colorado, U.S.
|Alma mater||University of New Mexico, Albuquerque
Shirley Mount Hufstedler was born August 24, 1925 in Denver, Colorado. As a teenager she was befriended by famed war correspondent Ernie Pyle after her father built the Pyle house in Albuquerque. She attended the University of New Mexico (B.B.A. 1945) and Stanford Law School (LL.B. 1949).
Hufstedler has had a distinguished career at the highest levels of legal and public service. She began in private practice in Los Angeles in 1950. From 1960 to 1961, she served as Special Legal Consultant to the Attorney General of California in the complex Colorado River litigation before the U.S. Supreme Court. In 1961, she was appointed Judge of the Los Angeles County Superior Court, a position to which she was elected in 1962.
In 1966, she was appointed Associate Justice of the California Court of Appeal. President Lyndon Johnson appointed her Judge of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit in 1968. She was not the first woman to serve on a federal Court of Appeals, but for at least part of her tenure was the only woman serving among approximately 100 judges nationwide. She was often mentioned as a possible nominee to the U.S. Supreme Court and served for eleven years before President Jimmy Carter appointed her to be the first U.S. Secretary of Education.
In 1981, Hufstedler returned to private life, teaching and practicing law. She was a partner in the firm Hufstedler & Kaus, now merged into Morrison & Foerster. She is the recipient of 20 honorary doctoral degrees from American universities. She has served on boards of trustees, governing boards and visiting committees for numerous foundations, institutions, corporations and universities.
- Shirley Hufstedler at the Biographical Directory of Federal Judges, a public domain publication of the Federal Judicial Center.
|New seat||Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit
|New office||United States Secretary of Education