||This biographical article needs additional citations for verification. (March 2010)|
Jones in 1970s
|Born||Shirley Mae Jones
March 31, 1934
Charleroi, Pennsylvania, U.S.
The Partridge Family
|Spouse(s)||Jack Cassidy (1956–1974)
Marty Ingels (1977–present)
|Children||David (stepson), Shaun, Patrick, Ryan|
Shirley Mae Jones (born March 31, 1934) is an American singer and actress of stage, film and television. In her six decades of show business, she has starred as wholesome characters in a number of well-known musical films, such as Oklahoma! (1955), Carousel (1956), and The Music Man (1962). She won the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress for playing a vengeful prostitute in Elmer Gantry (1960). She played Shirley Partridge, the widowed mother of five children in the situation-comedy television series The Partridge Family (1970–74), which co-starred her real-life stepson David Cassidy, son of Jack Cassidy.
- 1 Early life
- 2 Early stage career
- 3 Movie actress of the 1950s and 1960s
- 4 The Partridge Family
- 5 Shirley and other projects
- 6 Personal life
- 7 Filmography
- 8 Discography
- 9 Television work
- 10 Stage work
- 11 References
- 12 Further reading
- 13 External links
Jones was born in Charleroi, Pennsylvania, to Methodist parents Marjorie (née Williams), a homemaker, and Paul Jones, owners of the Jones Brewing Company. She was named after Shirley Temple. The family later moved to the small nearby town of Smithton, Pennsylvania. Her family arranged for her to study singing twice a week in Pittsburgh with Ralph Lawando. Afterwards, she frequently joined her father for a show at the Pittsburgh Playhouse.
Jones won the "Miss Pittsburgh" contest in 1952.
Early stage career
In New York City, her voice teacher convinced her to audition for a Broadway agent, Gus Sherman. Sherman was pleased to put Jones under contract, and with her parents' approval, she resettled in New York City and gave herself one year to become a Broadway performer. She had only $100 in her pocket. If she did not succeed, she would move back to Smithton and study to be a veterinarian.
Her first audition was for an open bi-weekly casting call held by John Fearnley, casting director for Rodgers and Hammerstein and their various musicals. At the time, Jones had never heard of Rodgers and Hammerstein. Fearnley was so impressed that he ran across the street to fetch Richard Rodgers, who was rehearsing with an orchestra for an upcoming musical. Rodgers then called Oscar Hammerstein at home. The two saw great potential in Jones. She became the first and only singer to be put under personal contract with the songwriters. They first cast her in a minor role in South Pacific. For her second Broadway show, Me and Juliet, she started as a chorus girl, and then an understudy for the lead role, earning rave reviews in Chicago, Illinois.
Movie actress of the 1950s and 1960s
Jones impressed Rodgers and Hammerstein with her musically trained voice and she was cast as the female lead in the film adaptation of their hit musical Oklahoma! in 1955. Other film musicals quickly followed, including Carousel, April Love (1957) and The Music Man, in which she was often typecast as a wholesome, kind character. However, she won a 1960 Academy Award for her performance in Elmer Gantry portraying a woman corrupted by the title character played by Burt Lancaster. Her character becomes a prostitute who encounters her seducer years later and takes her revenge. The director, Richard Brooks, had originally fought against her being in the movie, but after seeing her first scene told her she would win an Oscar for her performance. She was reunited with Ron Howard (who had played her brother in The Music Man) in The Courtship of Eddie's Father (1963). Jones landed the role of a lady who fell in love with the professor in Fluffy (1965). She also has an impressive stage résumé, including playing the title character in the Broadway musical Maggie Flynn in 1968.
The Partridge Family
In 1970, after her film roles dwindled, and after turning down the role of Carol Brady on The Brady Bunch, a role that ultimately went to her best friend, Florence Henderson, Jones was more than happy to be the producers' first choice to audition for the lead role of Shirley Partridge in The Partridge Family, an ABC sitcom based loosely on the real-life musical family The Cowsills. The series focused on a young widowed mother whose five children form a pop rock group after the entire family painted its signature bus to travel. She was convinced that the combination of music and comedy would be a surefire hit. Jones realized, however, that:
The problem with Partridge—though it was great for me and gave me an opportunity to stay home and raise my kids—when my agents came to me and presented it to me, they said if you do a series and it becomes a hit show, you will be that character for the rest of your life and your film career will go into the toilet, which is what happened. But I have no regrets.
During its first season, it became a hit and was screened in over 70 countries. Within months, Jones and her co-stars were pop culture television icons. Her real-life twenty-year-old stepson David Cassidy, who was an unknown actor at the time, played Shirley Partridge's eldest son, Keith, and became the hottest teen idol in the country. The show itself also spawned a number of records and songs performed by David and Shirley. That same year, "I Think I Love You" reached number one on the Billboard Hot 100 music chart, making Jones the second person, after Frank Sinatra, and the first woman to win an acting Oscar and also have a No. 1 hit on that chart.
By 1974, the ratings had declined and the series was dropped from the prime-time lineup after four seasons and 96 episodes. Though Jones was outraged about the series' cancellation, she held the show together. It was one of six series to be canceled that year (along with Room 222, The F.B.I., The Brady Bunch, Owen Marshall: Counselor at Law, and Here's Lucy) to make room for new shows.
Shirley Jones' friendship with David Cassidy's family began in the mid-to-late 1950s, when David was just six, after he learned about his father's divorce from his mother Evelyn Ward. Upon David's first meeting with Shirley before co-starring with her on The Partridge Family, he said, "The day he tells me that they're divorced, he tells me, 'We're remarried, and let me introduce you to my new wife.' He was thrilled when her first film, Oklahoma! (1955), had come out; and my dad took me to see it—I just see her, and I go, uh-oh, it doesn't really quite register with me, 'cause I'm in total shock, because I wanted to hate her, but the instant that I met her, I got the essence of her. She's a very warm open, sweet, good human being. She couldn't have thawed it for me – the coldness and the ice—any more than she did." Shirley was shocked to hear her real-life stepson was going to audition for the role of Keith Partridge. David said, "At the auditions, they introduced me to the lead actress (Shirley Jones) 'cause they had no idea, they had no idea. So I said, 'What are you doing here?' She looked at me and said, 'What are you doing here?' And I said, 'Well, I'm reading for the lead guy.' I said, 'What are you doing here?' She said, 'I'm the mother!'" Cassidy discussed his relationship with his stepmother on the show: "She wasn't my mother, and I can be very open, and we can speak, and we became very close friends. She was a very good role model for me, watching the way, you know, she dealt with people on the set, and watching people revere her." After the show's cancellation, Cassidy remained very close to his half-brothers and the rest of his cast mates, especially Shirley.
Cassidy appeared on many shows alongside his stepmother, including A&E Biography, TV Land Confidential, and The Today Show, and he was one of the presenters of his stepmother's Intimate Portrait on Lifetime Television, and the reality show pilot In Search of the Partridge Family, where he served as co-executive producer. The rest of the cast also celebrated the 25th, 30th, and the 35th anniversaries of The Partridge Family (although Cassidy was unavailable to attend the 25th anniversary in 1995 owing to other commitments). In addition, Jack Cassidy's death in 1976 drew Jones and Cassidy closer as Shirley's three children and stepson mourned their father.
Shirley and other projects
In 1979, Jones tried her hand at television for the second time, starring in Shirley, which, like The Partridge Family, featured a family headed by a widowed mother; but the show failed to win ratings and was canceled toward the middle of the season. Jones also played the "older woman" girlfriend of Drew Carey's character in several episodes of The Drew Carey Show.
She also won fans in the memorable dramatic project There Were Times, Dear, in which she played a loyal wife whose husband is dying of Alzheimer's disease; she was nominated for an Emmy Award for this work.
In February 1986, Shirley Jones unveiled her star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame on Vine Street just around the corner from Hollywood Boulevard.
Jones had a stellar turn in a rare revival of Noël Coward's operetta Bitter Sweet at the Long Beach Civic Light Opera in 1983. In 2004, Shirley returned to Broadway in a revival of 42nd Street, portraying diva "Dorothy Brock" opposite her son Patrick Cassidy—the first time a mother and son were known to star together on Broadway. In July 2005, Jones revisited the musical Carousel onstage in Massachusetts, portraying "Cousin Nettie". She continues to appear in venues nationwide, in concerts and in speaking engagements.
In July 2006, Jones received another Emmy Award nomination for her supporting performance in the television film Hidden Places. Shirley was nominated for a Screen Actors Guild award for the same film but lost to Helen Mirren for Elizabeth I. She also appeared in Grandma's Boy (2006), produced by Adam Sandler, as a nymphomaniac senior citizen.
On November 16, 2007, she took the stage at the Ford Center in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, during the Oklahoma Centennial Spectacular concert which celebrated the state's 100th birthday. Jones sang the songs "Oklahoma!" and "People Will Say We're In Love" from the musical Oklahoma!.
In 2008, U.K. label Stage Door Records released the retrospective collection Then & Now featuring twenty-four songs from Jones's musical career, including songs from the films Oklahoma!, Carousel and April Love. The album also features new recordings of songs including "Beauty and the Beast", "Memory" and a sentimental tribute to The Music Man.
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On August 5, 1956, Jones married actor Jack Cassidy, with whom she had three sons, Shaun, Patrick, and Ryan. David Cassidy, Jack's only child from his first marriage to actress Evelyn Ward, became her stepson. Divorcing Cassidy in 1974, she later married comic/actor Marty Ingels on November 13, 1977. Despite drastically different personalities and several separations (she filed, then withdrew, a divorce petition in 2002), they remain married. Jones and Ingels wrote an autobiography based on their quirky relationship/marriage, Shirley & Marty: An Unlikely Love Story.
Jones was friends with her late co-star Gordon MacRae and his ex-wife Sheila, and he was named godfather to her first son, Shaun Cassidy. She also admitted that she had a crush on MacRae and was starstruck when she worked opposite him on Oklahoma! and states she is the one who convinced MacRae to take the part as Billy Bigelow in Carousel. Frank Sinatra, who had originally been cast, suddenly dropped out during the first days of filming because each scene had to be shot twice. Once in CinemaScope 55 (a wider-than-usual, 55 millimeter, 6-track stereo system) and once in 35mm CinemaScope. Sinatra felt that he should have been paid twice because technically he was shooting two films. Three weeks after he left, they found a way to film the scene once on 55mm, then transfer it onto 35mm.
On the evening of December 11, 1976, after Jones had refused an offer of reconciliation from Jack Cassidy, she received news that her ex-husband's penthouse apartment was on fire. Apparently, the fire started from his lit cigarette when he fell asleep on the couch; the following morning, firefighters found Cassidy's body inside the gutted apartment. Jack "wanted to come back (to me) right up to the day he died", Jones said in a 1983 newspaper interview. "And as I realized later, I wanted him. That's the terrible part. Much as I love Marty and have a wonderful relationship – I'd say this with Marty sitting here – I'm not sure if Jack were alive I'd be married to Marty." Jones was 20 years old when she met Cassidy, who was eight years her senior, and she refers to him as the most influential person in her life.
Shirley Jones and Jack Cassidy albums
- Speaking of Love 1957 Columbia Records
- Brigadoon 1957 Columbia Records
- With Love from Hollywood 1958 Columbia Records
- Marriage Type Love 1958 RCA Records
- Maggie Flynn 1968 RCA Records
- Showtunes 1995 Sony Music
- Essential Masters 2011 Master Classics Records
The Partridge Family albums
- The Partridge Family Album 1970 Bell Records
- Up To Date 1971 Bell Records
- Sound Magazine 1971 Bell Records
- A Partridge Family Christmas Card 1971 Bell Records
- Shopping Bag 1972 Bell Records
- At Home With Their Greatest Hits 1972 Bell Records
- Notebook 1972 Bell Records
- Crossword Puzzle 1973 Bell Records
- Bulletin Board 1973 Bell Records
- The World of the Partridge Family 1974 Bell Records
- Greatest Hits 1989 Arista Records
- The Definitive Collection 2001 Arista Records
- Come On Get Happy!: The Very Best of The Partridge Family 2005 Arista Records
The Partridge Family singles
- "I Think I Love You" 1970 Bell Records
- "Doesn't Somebody Want to Be Wanted" 1971 Bell Records
- "I'll Meet You Halfway" 1971 Bell Records
- "I Woke Up In Love This Morning" 1971 Bell Records
- "It's One of Those Nights (Yes Love)" 1972 Bell Records
- "Am I Losing You" 1972 Bell Records
- "Breaking Up Is Hard to Do" 1972 Bell Records
- "Looking Through the Eyes of Love" 1972 Bell Records
- "Friend and a Lover" 1973 Bell Records
- "Walking in the Rain" 1973 Bell Records
- "Looking For a Good Time" 1973 Bell Records
Shirley Jones albums
- Silent Strength 1989 Diadem Records
- Shirley 1992 A & M Records
- Shirley Jones 2000 Ingels Ent. Records
- Then & Now 2008 Stage Door Records
- A Touch of Christmas 2010 Encore Music Presents Records
- A Tribute to Richard Rodgers 2011 Encore Music Presents Records
Shirley Jones singles
- "Clover in the Meadow" b/w "Give me a Gentle Girl" 1957 Dot Records from April Love movie soundtrack
- "Pepe" b/w "Lovely Day" 1960 Colpix Records from Pepe movie soundtrack
- "I've Still Got My Heart Joe" b/w "Everybody's Reachin' Out for Someone" 1972 Bell Records
- "Ain't Love Easy" b/w "Roses in the Snow" 1972 Bell Records
- Oklahoma! 1955 Capitol Records
- Carousel 1956 Capitol Records
- April Love 1957 Dot Records
- Pepe 1960 Colpix Records
- The Music Man 1962 Warner Bros. Records
- Free to Be... You and Me 1972 Bell Records
- The Christmas Album.....A Gift of Hope 1991 Children's Hospital Benefit Album
- An Evening with Rodgers & Hammerstein, The Sullivan Years 1993 TVT Records
- Embraceable You - Broadway In Love 1993 Sony Music
- George & Ira Gershwin, A Musical Celebration 1994 MCA Records
- Lerner, Loewe, Lane & Friends 1998 Varese Sarabande Records
- 1950: Fireside Theatre (acting début)
- 1952: Gruen Guild Playhouse
- 1956: Ford Star Jubilee
- 1956: Playhouse 90
- 1957: Lux Video Theatre
- 1957: The Pat Boone Chevy Showroom (guest)
- 1957: The United States Steel Hour
- 1958: DuPont Show of the Month
- 1959: Make Room for Daddy (as herself)
- 1964: Bob Hope Presents the Chrysler Theatre
- 1969: Silent Night, Lonely Night
- 1969: The Name of the Game
- 1970–74: The Partridge Family
- 1973: The Girls of Huntington House
- 1975: The Family Nobody Wanted
- 1975: The Lives of Jenny Dolan
- 1975: Winner Take All
- 1977: McMillan & Wife
- 1977: Yesterday's Child
- 1978: Evening in Byzantium
- 1978: Who'll Save Our Children?
- 1979: A Last Cry for Help
- 1979–80: Shirley
- 1980: The Children of An Lac
- 1981: Inmates: A Love Story
- 1982: The Adventures of Pollyanna
- 1983/87: Hotel
- 1983: Hotel (pilot)
- 1983: The Love Boat
- 1988/90: Murder, She Wrote
- 1989: Charlie (unsold pilot)
- 1997: Dog's Best Friend
- 1998: Melrose Place
- 1998: The Drew Carey Show
- 1999: Sabrina, the Teenage Witch
- 2000: That '70s Show (cameo)
- 2006: Hidden Places
- 2006: Monarch Cove
- 2008: Days of our Lives
- 2009: Ruby & The Rockits
- 2011/13: Raising Hope (2 episodes)
- 2012: Good Luck Charlie (Episodes: "Welcome Home", "A Duncan Christmas")
- 2012: Victorious (Episode: "Car, Rain, and Fire")
- 2013: Cougar Town
- 2013: Hot in Cleveland
- 1953: South Pacific (Broadway)
- 1954: Me and Juliet (Chicago)
- 1956: Oklahoma! (European tour with Jack Cassidy)
- 1957: The Beggar's Opera (with Jack Cassidy)
- 1959: Wish You Were Here! (Dallas State Fair Theater with Jack Cassidy)
- 1966: The Sound of Music (Westbury Music Fair)
- 1967: Wait Until Dark (with Jack Cassidy)
- 1968: Maggie Flynn (Broadway with Jack Cassidy)
- 1972: The Marriage Band (with Jack Cassidy)
- 1974: On a Clear Day You Can See Forever
- 1976: Show Boat
- 1977: The Sound of Music
- 1982: Bitter Sweet
- 1994: Love Letters (with Marty Ingels)
- 1994: The King & I
- 1994: A Christmas Carol
- 1995: Love Letters (with Marty Ingels)
- 2004: 42nd Street (Broadway with Patrick Cassidy)
- 2005: Carousel
- 2012: The Music Man (Sacramento Music Circus, with Patrick Cassidy)
- Ianzito, Christina (March 2014). "Happy March Birthday to ...". AARP The Magazine (AARP). Retrieved 2014-03-06.
- Elber, Lynn (July 22, 2013). "Shirley Jones Reveals Passion, Pride and ‘Partridge Family’ in New Book". Associated Press. Retrieved July 23, 2013.
- Conley, Patti (17 June 2007). "Shirley's doin' fine in 'Oklahoma'". Beaver County Times. p. B1. Retrieved July 23, 2013.
- Thomas, Bob (October 18, 1954). "Writer Ranks Shirley Jones Luckiest Girl in Hollywood". Reading Eagle.
- "Shirley Jones Sings For Richard Rodgers". National Public Radio. January 16, 2010.
- Why a Director Didn't Want Shirley Jones in His Film, dc50tv.com, August 7, 2013
- King, Susan (May 26, 2009). "Shirley Jones: No Regrets, and Still Going Strong at 75". Vancouver Sun.
- David Cassidy quoted on a Biography Channel episode about Shirley Jones – airdate January 10, 2012
- "The Music Man". California Musical Theatre. Retrieved July 25, 2012.
- Marty Ingels and Shirley Jones, (co-writer Mickey Herskowitz), Shirley & Marty: An Unlikely Love Story,William Morrow and Company, 1990, ISBN 0-688-08457-5
- "Jack Cassidy dead". Montreal Gazette. Associated Press. December 14, 1976. Retrieved July 23, 2013.
- Fallon, D'Arcy (April 10, 1983). "Nice-Girl Image Plagues Actress Shirley Jones". Toledo Blade. Retrieved April 18, 2013.
- "‘Life and Death for Factory-Farmed Turkeys,’ With Shirley Jones". Peta Tv. Retrieved Dec 3, 2011.
- Good Luck Charlie Episode: "A Duncan Christmas".
- Jones, Shirley; Ingels, Marty; Herskowitz, Mickey (1990). Shirley and Marty: An Unlikely Love Story. New York City: William Morrow and Company. ISBN 0-688-08457-5.
- Jones, Shirley; Leigh, Wendy (2013). Shirley Jones: A Memoir. New York City: Gallery Books. ISBN 978-1476725956.
- shirleyjones.com, Shirley Jones official website
- Shirley Jones at the Internet Movie Database
- Shirley Jones at the Internet Broadway Database
- Archive of American Television Shirley Jones Interview
- Shirley Jones at the Internet Off-Broadway Database
- Shirley Jones interview
- Shirley Jones New Album 'Then & Now'
- Shirley Jones interview video at the Archive of American Television