in The Apartment (1960)
April 24, 1934 |
Richmond, Virginia, USA
|Occupation||Actress, singer, dancer, author, activist|
|Spouse(s)||Steve Parker (m. 1954–1982; divorced; 1 child)|
|Family||Warren Beatty (brother)|
Shirley MacLean Beaty (born April 24, 1934), known professionally as Shirley MacLaine, is an American film and theater actress, singer, dancer, activist and author. She has won the Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy twice, for her roles in The Apartment and Irma la Douce, and the Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Motion Picture Drama twice for Terms of Endearment and Madame Sousatzka. She was honored with the Golden Globe Cecil B. DeMille Award in 1998. She was nominated for an Academy Award five times before winning the Academy Award for Best Actress in 1983 for her role as Aurora Greenway in Terms of Endearment. She won the 1976 Emmy Award for Outstanding Special – Comedy-Variety or Music for Gypsy in My Soul. Her younger brother is Warren Beatty. She is known for her New Age beliefs and interest in spirituality and reincarnation. She has written a large number of autobiographical works, many dealing with her spiritual beliefs as well as her Hollywood career. In 2012 she was honored with the 40th AFI Life Achievement Award, the highest honor for a career in the US film industry, by the American Film Institute.
Named after Shirley Temple, Shirley MacLean Beaty was born in Richmond, Virginia. Her father, Ira Owens Beaty, was a professor of psychology, public school administrator, and real estate agent, and her mother, Kathlyn Corinne (née MacLean), was a drama teacher originally from Wolfville, Nova Scotia, Canada; MacLaine's grandparents were also teachers. Her parents raised their children as Baptists. MacLaine's younger brother is the actor/writer/director Warren Beatty. Her uncle (her mother's brother-in-law) was A. A. MacLeod, a Communist member of the Ontario legislature in the 1940s. While she was still a child, Ira Beatty moved his family from Richmond to Norfolk, and then to Arlington and Waverly, eventually taking a position at Arlington's Thomas Jefferson Junior High School. She played baseball on a team where all the other players were boys. She even held the record for most home runs, earning the nickname "Powerhouse".
She had very weak ankles as a toddler, so her mother decided to enroll her in ballet class at the age of three. This was the beginning of her interest in performing. Strongly motivated by ballet, she never missed a class. In classical romantic pieces like Romeo and Juliet and The Sleeping Beauty, she always played the boys' roles due to being the tallest in the group and the absence of males in the class. She got to play a substantial female role as the fairy godmother in Cinderella. While warming up backstage, she broke her ankle, but proceeded to dance the role all the way through. MacLaine ultimately decided that professional ballet wasn't for her because she had grown too tall and was not good enough to make it a career. She also claimed she didn't have the ideal body type—she didn't have the requisite "beautifully constructed feet" (high arches, high insteps and a flexible ankle). Nor was she able to acquire perfect technique. She also found ballet too limiting. After leaving ballet, she pursued other forms of dancing and acting.
She attended Washington-Lee High School, where she was on the cheerleading squad and acted in the school's productions. The summer before her senior year, she was in New York to try acting on Broadway with some success. After she graduated, she returned and within a year she became an understudy to actress Carol Haney in The Pajama Game; Haney broke her ankle, and MacLaine replaced her. A few months after, with Haney still out of commission, film producer Hal B. Wallis was in the audience, took note of MacLaine, and signed her to work for Paramount Pictures. She later sued Wallis over a contractual dispute, a suit that has been credited with ending the old-style studio star system of actor management.
MacLaine made her film debut in Alfred Hitchcock's The Trouble with Harry (1955), for which she won the Golden Globe Award for New Star of the Year – Actress. In 1956, she had roles in Hot Spell and Around the World in 80 Days. At the same time she starred in Some Came Running, the film that gave her first Academy Award nomination – one of five that the film received – and a Golden Globe nomination. Her second nomination came two years later for The Apartment, starring with Jack Lemmon. The film won five Oscars, including Best Director for Billy Wilder. She later said, "I thought I would win for The Apartment, but then Elizabeth Taylor had a tracheotomy." She starred in The Children's Hour (1961) also starring Audrey Hepburn and James Garner, based on the play by Lillian Hellman and directed by William Wyler (Ben-Hur). She was again nominated, this time for Irma la Douce (1963), which reunited her with Wilder and Lemmon. Don Siegel, her director on Two Mules for Sister Sara (1970) said of her: "It's hard to feel any great warmth to her. She's too unfeminine and has too much balls. She's very, very hard."
In 1975, she received a nomination for Best Documentary Feature for her documentary film The Other Half of the Sky: A China Memoir. Two years later, she was once again nominated for The Turning Point co-starring Anne Bancroft, in which she portrayed a retired ballerina much like herself. In 1978, she was awarded the Women in Film Crystal Award for outstanding women who, through their endurance and the excellence of their work, have helped to expand the role of women within the entertainment industry. In 1980, she starred in A Change of Seasons alongside Anthony Hopkins. The pair famously didn't get along, with Hopkins saying of MacLaine: "[S]he was the most obnoxious actress I have ever worked with." In 1983, she won an Oscar for Terms of Endearment. The film won another four Oscars; one for Jack Nicholson and three for director James L. Brooks. In 1988, MacLaine won a Golden Globe for Best Actress (Drama) for Madame Sousatzka.
She continued to star in major films, such as Steel Magnolias with Julia Roberts and many other stars. She made her feature-film directorial debut in Bruno, MacLaine starred as Helen in this film, which was released to video as The Dress Code. In 2007, she completed Closing the Ring, directed by Richard Attenborough and starring Christopher Plummer. Other notable films in which MacLaine has starred include Sweet Charity (1968), Being There (1979) with Peter Sellers, Postcards from the Edge (1990) with actress Meryl Streep, playing a fictionalized version of Debbie Reynolds with a screenplay by Reynolds's daughter, Carrie Fisher, Used People with Jessica Tandy and Kathy Bates, Guarding Tess (1994) with Nicolas Cage, Mrs. Winterbourne (1996), with actress and talk show host, Ricki Lake and actor Brendan Fraser, Rumor Has It… (2005) with Kevin Costner and Jennifer Aniston and In Her Shoes with Cameron Diaz and Toni Collette.
MacLaine has also appeared in numerous television projects including an autobiographical miniseries based upon the book Out on a Limb, The Salem Witch Trials, These Old Broads written by Carrie Fisher and co-starring Elizabeth Taylor, Debbie Reynolds, and Joan Collins, and Coco, a Lifetime production based on the life of Coco Chanel. She had a short-lived sitcom called Shirley's World. She appeared in the third season of the British drama Downton Abbey as Martha Levinson, mother to Cora, Countess of Grantham.
MacLaine was married to businessman Steve Parker until their divorce in 1982. They had a daughter, Sachi. In April 2011, while promoting her new book, I'm Over All That, she revealed to Oprah Winfrey that she had an open relationship with her husband. According to her, she'd had relationships with prime ministers and leading actors.
MacLaine has a strong interest in spirituality and metaphysics. Many of her best-selling books, such as Out on a Limb and Dancing in the Light, have it as their central theme. Her interests have led her to such forms of spiritual exploration as walking the Way of St. James, working with Chris Griscom, and practicing Transcendental Meditation.
Her well-known interest in New Age spirituality has made its way into several of her films. In Albert Brooks's romantic comedy Defending Your Life (1991), the recently deceased lead characters, played by Brooks and Meryl Streep, are astonished to find MacLaine introducing their past lives in the "Past Lives Pavilion". In Postcards from the Edge (1990), MacLaine, playing a character loosely based on Debbie Reynolds, sings a special version of "I'm Still Here", with customized lyrics created especially for her by composer Stephen Sondheim. One of the lyrics was changed to "I'm feeling transcendental – am I here?" In the made-for-television movie These Old Broads (2001) – written by Reynolds' daughter Carrie Fisher – starring MacLaine, Debbie Reynolds, Joan Collins, Elizabeth Taylor, and Carrie Fisher, MacLaine's character is a devotee of New Age spirituality.
She has an interest in UFOs, and has given numerous interviews on CNN, NBC and Fox news channels on the subject during 2007–2008. In her book Sage-ing While Age-ing (2007), she mentioned her alien encounters and witnessing of Washington DC UFO incidents in the 1950s. In the April 2011 edition of the Oprah show MacLaine gave an interview that at her New Mexico ranch she has observed numerous UFO incidents for extended period of time and her neighbour has also witnessed that too according to her claim.
Like Warren Beatty, MacLaine used her celebrity status in instrumental roles as a fundraiser and organizer for George McGovern's campaign for president in 1972. That year, she authored the book McGovern: The Man and His Beliefs.
On February 7, 2013, Penguin Group USA published Sachi Parker's autobiography Lucky Me: My Life With – and Without – My Mom, Shirley MacLaine. MacLaine has called the book "virtually all fiction".
- Shirley's World (1971–1972) and a 1977 one hour special
- Where Do We Go From Here? (1978); Winner of the Rose D'Or
- Out on a Limb (1987)
- Downton Abbey (2012)
- NCIS (2012)
- MacLaine, Shirley (1970). Don't Fall Off the Mountain. New York: W.W. Norton & Company Limited. ISBN 978-0-393-07338-6.
- MacLaine, Shirley (1972). McGovern: The Man and His Beliefs. New York: W.W. Norton & Company Limited. ISBN 978-0-393-05341-8.
- MacLaine, Shirley (1975). You Can Get There from Here. New York: W.W. Norton & Company Limited. ISBN 978-0-393-07489-5.
- MacLaine, Shirley (1983). Out on a Limb. New York: Bantam Doubleday Dell Publishing Group. ISBN 978-0-553-05035-6.
- MacLaine, Shirley (1986). Dancing in the Light. New York: Bantam Books. ISBN 978-0-553-76196-2.
- MacLaine, Shirley (1987). It's All in the Playing. New York: Bantam Books. ISBN 978-0-553-05217-6.
- MacLaine, Shirley (1990). Going Within: A Guide to Inner Transformation. New York: Bantam Books. ISBN 978-055-328-3310.
- MacLaine, Shirley (1991). Dance While You Can. New York: Bantam Books. ISBN 978-0-553-07607-3.
- MacLaine, Shirley (1995). My Lucky Stars: A Hollywood Memoir. New York: Bantam Books. ISBN 978-0-553-09717-7.
- MacLaine, Shirley (2000). The Camino: A Journey of the Spirit. New York: Simon & Schuster Adult Publishing Group. ISBN 978-0-7434-0072-5. (Published in Europe as: MacLaine, Shirley (2001). The Camino: A Pilgrimage of Courage. London: Pocket Books. ISBN 0-7434-0921-3.)
- MacLaine, Shirley (2003). Out on a Leash: Exploring the Nature of Reality and Love. New York: Simon & Schuster Adult Publishing Group. ISBN 978-0-7434-8506-7.
- MacLaine, Shirley (2007). Sage-ing While Age-ing. New York: Simon & Schuster Adult Publishing Group. ISBN 978-1-4165-5041-9.
- MacLaine, Shirley (2011). I'm Over All That: And Other Confessions. New York: Simon & Schuster Adult Publishing Group. ISBN 978-1-4516-0729-1.
- New England Historic Genealogical Society
- "The religion of Warren Beatty, actor, director". Adherents.com. 2005-08-30. Retrieved 2010-03-06.
- Public Affairs (2005-05-21). "Actor Warren Beatty gives public-policy graduates – and Gov. Schwarzenegger – some advice on power". Berkeley.edu. Retrieved 2010-03-06.
- Ancestry/genealogy website
- Denis, Christopher (1980). The films of Shirley MacLaine. Citadel Press. p. 14. ISBN 978-0-8065-0693-7. Retrieved April 11, 2011.
- MacLaine, Shirley (November 1, 1996). My Lucky Stars: A Hollywood Memoir. Random House Publishing Group. ISBN 978-0-553-57233-9. Retrieved April 11, 2011.
- Hanrihan v. Parker, 19 Misc. 2d 467, 469 (N.Y. Misc. 1959)
- Patrick McGilligan, Clint: The Life and Legend (1999), p. 182
- Films and filming. Hansom Books. 1 January 1989. Retrieved 5 June 2011.
- O'Connell, Michael (January 30, 2012). "'Downton Abbey' Adds Shirley MacLaine for Season 3". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved January 31, 2012.
- "Berlinale: 1999 Programme". berlinale.de. Retrieved 2012-02-04.
- "Shirley MacLaine interviewed on 'The Oprah Winfrey Show'". BestSyndication.com. 2011-04-11.
- "Maharishi Mahesh Yogi". Los Angeles Times. 2008-02-06. Retrieved 2010-03-06.
- "NBC, Today show: Shirley MacLaine: Older and much wiser". today.msnbc.msn.com. 2007-11-07.
- "Hollywood Legend Shirley MacLaine". http://www.oprah.com/. 2011-04-01.
- "Shirley MacLaine: I Believe In UFOs More Than Ever, Support Kucinich". The Huffington Post. 2007-12-19. Retrieved 2010-03-06.
- MacLaine, Shirley, McGovern: The Man and His Beliefs, New York: W. W. Norton & Company, 1972.
- McGovern, George S., Grassroots: The Autobiography of George McGovern, New York: Random House, 1977, pp. 126, 172
- White, Theodore H., The Making of the President 1972, Atheneum Publishers, 1973, pp. 236, 258, 425
- Lucky Me at Penguin Group website
- Nicki Gostin, "Shirley MacLaine's Daughter Says 'My Mom Thought My Dad Was Clone Astronaut'", Fox News (February 12, 2013)
- "Berlinale 1959: Prize Winners". berlinale.de. Retrieved 2010-01-05.
- "Berlinale 1971: Prize Winners". berlinale.de. Retrieved 2010-03-13.
- Shirley Maclaine Emmy Nominated
|Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to: Shirley MacLaine|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Shirley MacLaine.|
- MacLaine's Official Website
- Shirley MacLaine at the Internet Movie Database
- Shirley MacLaine at the Internet Broadway Database
- Shirley MacLaine interviewed by Ginny Dougary (2005)
- Shirley Maclaine at Emmys.com