Shirley Ross

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Shirley Ross
Born Bernice Gaunt
(1913-01-07)January 7, 1913
Omaha, Nebraska, U.S.
Died March 9, 1975(1975-03-09) (aged 62)
Menlo Park, California, U.S.
Other names Bernice Dolan Blum
Occupation Singer, actor, pianist
Years active 1927–1946
Spouse(s)
  • Ken Dolan
    (m. 1938-51, his death)
  • Eddie Blum
    (m.1955-75, her death)

Shirley Ross (January 7, 1913 ― March 9, 1975) was an American actress and singer, notable for her duet with Bob Hope, "Thanks for the Memory" from The Big Broadcast of 1938.

Early musical career[edit]

Ross was born Bernice Maude Gaunt in Omaha, Nebraska, elder of two daughters of Charles Burr Gaunt and Maude C. Gaunt (née Ellis). Growing up in California,[1] she attended Hollywood High School and UCLA,[2] training as a classical pianist. By 14, she was giving radio recitals[3][4] and made her first vocal recordings at 20 with Gus Arnheims’s band. Here she attracted the notice of the up-and-coming songwriting duo Rodgers and Hart, who selected her to sell their latest offerings to MGM. One song, which was later re-written as "Blue Moon" led to a successful screen test in 1933, and then to a number of small parts in films that included Manhattan Melodrama with Clark Gable.

Paramount[edit]

In 1936, MGM loaned her to Paramount, and she was paired with Ray Milland in The Big Broadcast of 1937. Although this was officially a leading role, the Big Broadcast format included a busy programme of musical comedy sketches with big-name performers who somewhat overshadowed her. But one press review declared that she had ‘one of the sweetest voices of any actress on the screen’.[5] and predicted a big future for her. Paramount signed her to a 5-year contract;[6] meanwhile her introduction to the songwriting team of Leo Robin and Ralph Rainger would prove significant.

Working with Bing & Bob[edit]

Her duet with Bing Crosby in Waikiki Wedding was a Robin-Rainger number entitled "Blue Hawaii." Thus began a three-year period during which Ross was cast opposite either Crosby or Bob Hope on five occasions.[a] After a career interruption in the making of This Way Please with Buddy Rogers, when she walked off the job, alleging that Jack Benny’s wife Mary Livingstone was trying to sabotage her scenes,[7][8][9][10] she was cast opposite Hope in The Big Broadcast of 1938. Their duet "Thanks for the Memory" became a huge hit and a defining moment for two careers headed in opposite directions – for Hope, a springboard to bigger and better things; for Ross, the absolute pinnacle.[11] It would prove to be her sole enduring claim to fame.[12]

Decline[edit]

The duet's great success sparked a spin-off movie, titled Thanks for the Memory, and another called Some Like It Hot (later renamed Rhythm Romance to avoid confusion with the unrelated 1959 feature). Although Thanks for the Memory did produce another hit song, "Two Sleepy People",[13] the films themselves made little impact, apparently reflecting Paramount’s declining interest in musical comedy. Although Ross would have been willing to play straight drama, and had performed well in Prison Wife,[14] Paramount relegated her to supporting roles in two minor romantic comedies, which did nothing for her career, even though one of them (Paris Honeymoon) teamed her once more with Bing Crosby.

Later career and death[edit]

Although Ross knew that her understated appeal was better suited to the screen than the stage, she played the lead in Rodgers and Hart’s Broadway musical, Higher and Higher (1940), featuring the song It Never Entered My Mind, but the show was a critical failure. After a few forgettable movies and some radio work, Ross increasingly attended to her dying husband Ken Dolan, and this represented an early retirement which she seemed to accept philosophically.[15] Ross died from cancer in Menlo Park, California, aged 62. As her married name, Bernice Dolan Blum, wasn’t well known, her death was not widely publicised. But Bob Hope, with whom she had an enduring real-life friendship,[15][16][17][18] did not fail to commemorate her death. He and Crosby sent a 5-foot tall cross with white carnations and a spray of red roses to her funeral. According to her daughter, it was mobbed.[18]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Less than a year later, as their erstwhile co-star's career floundered, Hope and Crosby themselves were paired, beginning the longstanding and hugely successful Road to ... series.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Father of Charles Burr Gaunt," posted on October 23, 1999 by Caren Lea, Ross' niece. "I am looking for the parents of Charles Burr Gaunt, born in Iowa 1886. Worked as telegrapher on railroad. Later moved to Omaha, Nebraska and married Maude Ellis. They had 2 daughters and moved to California around 1923."
  2. ^ United Press: "Co-Ed Crashes Gates of Hollywood Studio," The Pittsburgh Press (Tuesday, December 26, 1933), p. 18
  3. ^ "Cello Virtuoso in Recital," The Los Angeles Times (Wednesday, June 15, 1927), p. A13. "Cello Virtuoso in Recital: BERNICE GAUNT - Pianist, SAMUEL _ _ _ _ _ - Cellist, Los Angeles Railway Orchestra Broadcasts."
  4. ^ Dr. Ralph L. Power: "GERMANS WILL TALK OVER KHJ," The Los Angeles Times (Thursday, August 4, 1927), p. A5. "Interesting bits of juvenile entertainment on the child hour at KHJ last evening included the 13-year-old pianist, Bernice Gaunt."
  5. ^ "New Star Tops State Musical," Spokane Daily Chronicle (Monday, October 12, 1936), p. 10
  6. ^ Ed Sullivan: "Broadway: Building Up From a Terrific Letdown," The Pittsburgh Press (Saturday, October 24, 1936), p. 6
  7. ^ Eileen Percy: "Shirley Ross to Play Lead Opposite 'Buddy' Rogers in 'This Way Please,'" The Milwaukee Sentinel (Friday, April 29, 1937), p. 2
  8. ^ Roy Hemming: Discovering Great Singers of Classic Pop: A New Listener's Guide to the Sounds and Lives of the Top Performers and Their Recordings, Movies, and Videos (New York, Newmarket Press, 1991), pp. 93-94
  9. ^ Sidney Skolsky: "Hollywood:The Gossipel Truth," The Milwaukee Sentinel (Wednesday, May 26, 1937), p. 3. "The Mary Livingstone and Shirley Ross feud began because Shirley was talking loudly about Mary in the makeup department and Mary happened to be a thin wall away."
  10. ^ Louella O. Parsons: "Shirley Ross Has New Job," The Rochester Journal (Tuesday, June 29, 1937), p. 6. "Chit chat over Shirley Ross' withdrawal from the cast of 'This Way Please' has subsided. Adolph Zukor, no less, denied that his company had dropped her from the payroll and that she was taken out of the cast because of a battle with Mary Livingstone."
  11. ^ Jimmy Fidler: "Hollywood: Short Short Story," The Pittsburgh Press (Monday, August 19, 1940), p. 9. "A local theater marquee the other day displayed these billings: 'Thanks for the Memory' and 'March of Time.' And it has been a march of time, for when that picture was made, Shirley was an established star and Hope was making his debut. Today, Hope is a star - while Miss Ross is in a Broadway show, hoping for a comeback."
  12. ^ "Reader Searches for Memories of Ross" The Sarasota Herald-Tribune (Saturday, April 11, 1992), p. 2E.
  13. ^ "Sydney's Leading Theatres Present Sydney's Chief Current Attractions". The Sydney Morning Herald (Friday, March 3, 1939), p. 2
  14. ^ IMDb user reviews
  15. ^ a b Rick Du Brow: "Original 'Thanks for the Memory' Girl Prefers Family to Stardom; Once Musical Comedy Star," The Beaver Valley Times (Monday, July 20, 1959), p. 9. "Bob really had it from the start - and we're still close friends. I spoke with him on the phone for an hour yesterday."
  16. ^ United Press: "Bing Crosby Shoots 73 to Defeat Hope," The Eugene Register-Guard (Monday, November 8, 1937), p. 6
  17. ^ "Cutie Silences Glib Bob Hope With a Smart Crack," The Pittsburgh Press (Sunday, September 18, 1938), p. D7
  18. ^ a b Email correspondence with Victoria Rosendahl, May 15, 2012. "Hope and Crosby sent a 5 foot tall cross with white carnations and a spray of red roses to her funeral. It was mobbed."

External links[edit]

Press Coverage[edit]

Miscellaneous[edit]