|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
Shirur is a municipal council in the Pune district of the Indian state of Maharashtra. Shirur City is located on the boundaries of the Pune and Ahmednagar districts on the banks of the River Ghod. The town is also known as Ghodnadi to distinguish it from similar places with the same name. Ghodnadi means "River Ghod" in the native Marathi language.
Shirur has a significant historical and cultural reference. Geographically Shirur Tehsil starts south-east, 24 km on the banks of river Bhima on Pune-Nagar road and ends at 50 km on the same road on the banks of River Ghod. You can hit upon numerous historical links if you look at geographic surroundings of Shirur. The battle between Marathas and British at Koregaon-Bhima (Battle of Koregaon) in 1818, Samadhi of Chattrapati Sambhaji Maharaj at Vadhu Budruk, Bajirao’s gift to Mastani; Kendur, Mastani Palace at Pabal, Santoba’s Kanhur, Geologically important Enamgaon, Netaji Palkar resided Tandali and Mahaganapati’s Ranjangaon. Udajiarao Pawar and Anandrao Pawar who accompanied Bajirao Peshwa for north conquest resided in Malthan wada.
In recent years, Shirur has been an imperative educational and commercial hub for Parner, Shrigonda and Shirur Talukas. Shirur is gaining a growing importance on Pune-Ahmednagar road for industrialization and trade.
As of the 2001 Indian census, Shirur had a population of 27,000. Males constitute 52% of the population, and females 48%. Shirur has an average literacy rate of 72%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 77%, and female literacy is 66%. In Shirur, 13% of the population is under 6 years of age. Shirur taluka constitutes an area of 1,55,811 hectors. Ghod, Bhima and Kukdi rivers differentiate the taluka from three directions.
The population consists of a mix of Hindus, including castes like maratha, mallav samaj ; other subcastes based on their professions, like "goldsmith","weaver","Maratha Kumbhars" have formed separate colonies bearing their names within Shirur. Other population include Muslims, Jains (mostly Marvadis) of the Shwetambar sub-community, and a few Christians. Marvadis migrated here in the 19th century. During the British Raj, Shirur had several horse stables around it, and many Muslims were employed there by the British army. One of the stable area has now been taken by the Maharashtra State government as a colony for irrigation employees.
There are schools teaching in the native Marathi language. The municipal council has a few schools around town. Schools like Vidyadham Prashalaand Rayat Shikshan Sanstha, offer education till class 12. There is an Urdu school in the town as well since Shirur holds quite a large Muslim population. There are English medium schools in the town; the New English School, run by Rayat Shikshan Sanstha, the Rasiklal Dhariwal School, run by Shirur Shikshan Prasarak Mandal and Jeevan Shikashan Mandir are few of them. For higher education there are colleges like the C.T. Bora College of Arts, Science and Commerce. A sister concern, MDIMRT, offers degrees like BCS and MCA. Chhatrapti Sambhaji Shikshan Sanstha offers courses like BEd and BPharm at its Sitabai Thite College.
Industry around Shirur bloomed around the year 1994 when the state of Maharashtra declared an industrial zone around Shirur, including the towns of Karegaon, Dhok Sangvi and Ranjangaon. The industrial zone is known as MIDC Ranjangaon-Karegaon. Many manufactures have set up facilities here, among them Apollo Tyres; Whirlpool India, making refrigerators; LG Electronics, making televisions and mobile handsets; Daewoo Electronics, making refrigerators; Wheels India; Bajaj Electricals; Frito-Lay of Pepsico Holdings, manufacturing Lays potato chips; Fiat automobiles; Kirloskar; Swarovski; and Ohsung, a Korean company manufacturing electronics parts. Harita and Harita Fehrer, a TVS Group, company manufacturing seating systems supplied for Tata Motors, John Deere and State transport buses and foam. The company has its own CSR department Srinivasan Services Trust (SST) which works in 24 gram panchayats include 147 villages in Shirur block on education, health, water, infrastructure, environment and infrastructure areas. It has benefited 6658 families in the Shirur block.
Places of interest in and around Shirur
- Ramling (Old Shirur)—Lord Shiva's temple (It is believed that Lord Rama when he was in exile built the Shiva Ling here. Many people gather here for the holy festival of Mahashivratri)
- Ranjangaon on pune -nagar road—a temple to the Mahaganapati, one of the Ashtavinayaka
- Takli Haji—natural potholes in the River Kukdi
- Chincholi Morachi—vast peacock sanctuary
- Vadhu Budruk— samadhi of Chhattrapti Sambhaji, son of Chhattrapti Shivaji, was ambushed at Sangameshwar in Ratnagiri district, and killed by the Mughul emperor Aurangjeb at Tulapur.
- Nirvi—dam on the River Ghod
- Pimple Jagtap—temple of Dharmaraja, eldest of the Pandava, under the trusteeship of the Bendbhar Patil family for the last 300 years
- Nimgaon Mhalungi-temple of Mhasoba, vidya vikas mandir.
- Pawar Wada at Malthan and remains of Pawar wada at Amdabad.
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.