Shirvan Beylarbeylik

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Shirvan Baylarbaylik
Şirvan Bəylərbəyliyi

Capital Shamakhi
Languages Turkic Azerbaijani
Government Feudalism
 -  Establishment 1538
 -  Abolished within Persian Empire 1734
Today part of  Azerbaijan

Shirvan Baylarbaylik (Azerbaijani: Şirvan Bəylərbəyliyi) was an Azerbaijani Turkic beylerbeylik under the rule of Ottoman and Safavid empires on the territory of modern Azerbaijan between 1538 and 1734 with its capital in the town of Shamakhi.[1] Control over Shirvan was alternated between Safavid and Ottoman empires until 1734, when the Afsharid ruler of Iran, Nader Shah established firm rule over the area until the area was divided into independent Khanates of the Caucasus before they were occupied by the Russian Empire in the mid 18th century.[2] Shirvan Beylerbeylik was one of four beylerbeyliks on the territory of South Caucasus. The other three were Karabakh, Chukhursaad and Tabriz beylerbeyliks.[3]


Ending the rule of Shirvanshahs in 1538, Tahmasp I of Safavid Empire established Shirvan Beylerbeylik as an administrative unit of the empire. At the end of the 16th century, the Ottoman General Lala Kara Mustafa Pasha captured Shirvan and appointed Özdemiroğlu Osman Pasha as its beylerbey. In 1607, Shah Abbas I invaded Shirvan again and instituted Qizilbash rule over the province. After several interstate wars, Shirvan Beylerbeylik was eventually captured by Nadir Shah in 1734 to establish Safavid rule over the province again.[1][4]


  1. ^ a b Khalilli, Fariz (2009). ŞAMAXI TARİX-DİYARŞÜNASLIQ MUZEYİ [Shamakhi Historical and Locality Museum]. Baku: ANAS. p. 103. Retrieved 2011-08-08. 
  2. ^ Afandiyev, O. A. (1993). Azərbaycan Səfəvilər dövləti [Safavid state of Azerbaijan]. Baku. p. 57. 
  3. ^ The Caucasus and Globalization 1. Sweden: Institute of Strategic Studies of the Caucasus. 2006. p. 9. Retrieved 2011-08-08. 
  4. ^ Fleischer, Cornell H. (1989). Mustafa Ali and the Politics of Cultural Despair. Cambridge University Press.