Shiseido

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For the han school, see Iwakitaira Domain.
Shiseido Company, Limited
Native name 株式会社資生堂
Romanized name Kabushiki-gaisha Shiseidō
Type Public (K.K.)
Traded as TYO: 4911
Topix Large 70 Component
Industry Consumer goods
Founded 1872
Headquarters Chūō, Tokyo, Japan
Key people Shinzo Maeda, President and CEO (ending April 1, 2013)
Masahiko Uotani, President and CEO (beginning on April 1, 2013)[1]
Products Cosmetics
Revenue Increase ¥723,485 million (FY2007)
Net income Increase ¥35,460 million (FY2007)
Employees 33,356 (2013)
Subsidiaries Bare Escentuals
Website shiseido.com
Shiseido shop in Hanoi, Vietnam

Shiseido Company, Limited (株式会社資生堂 Kabushiki-gaisha Shiseidō?) (Japanese pronunciation: [ɕise̞e̞ꜜdo̞̟ː]) is a major Japanese hair care and cosmetics producer. It is one of the oldest cosmetics companies in the world. Founded in 1872, it celebrated its 140th year anniversary in 2012.[2][3] It is the largest cosmetic firm in Japan and the fourth largest cosmetics company in the world.[4]

History[edit]

Arinobu Fukuhara, former head pharmacist to the Japanese Imperial Navy, established the Shiseido Pharmacy in 1872. After a visit to the United States and Europe, Arinobu added a soda fountain to the store. This later grew into the Shiseido Parlour restaurant business, and eventually led to the introduction of ice cream in Japan. The name "Shiseido" can be translated as "praise the virtues of the earth which nurtures new life and brings forth significant values".[5]

Shiseido was the first to develop the softening lotion, a lightweight liquid of toner-like consistency. The oldest softening lotion is named Eudermine, which is still marketed and sold at all Shiseido counters. The softening lotion was developed in response to lead poisoning, as the Japanese women used makeup based on white lead.

In 1917, Shiseido introduced Rainbow Face Powder. The idea of a face powder with seven colors was very novel in a period when white face powders were the norm in Japan.[6]

In 1923, the company began expanding its store-base; it now has approximately 25,000 outlets.

In 1927, a joint stock company was formed.

In 1957, Shiseido began sales in Taiwan, closely followed by Singapore and Hong Kong. In 1962, Shiseido expanded to Hawaii; in 1965, it established Shiseido Cosmetics America. European sales began with Italy in 1968 and Oceania with New Zealand in 1971.

In 1985, Shiseido was the first company to produce sodium hyaluronate (hyaluronic acid/hyaluronan) from non-animal origin sources.[7] In North America and Europe, Shiseido products are sold in major department stores, pharmacies, and speciality Asian retailers.

Finances and operations[edit]

In June 2013, Morio Ikeda, formerly president and CEO of Shiseido, died of kidney cancer.[8]

In the first quarter of 2013, Shiseido had a net profit of 2.66 billion yen or USD $26.87 million on sales of 162.36 billion yen, or $1.64 billion.[9]

On 15 July 2013, Shiseido announced it was opening a wholly owned subsidiary in India.[10]

On 20 February 2014, Shiseido agreed to sell its Carita and Decléor brands to L’Oréal for €227.5 million (USD$312.93 million (2014)).[11]

As of February 2014, Masahiko Uotani is still the future CEO.[12]

Current skincare products[edit]

In Japan, Shiseido sells Elixir Superieur skincare products for women, Aqua Label skincare and toiletry products for daily use, Uno skincare products for men, Clé de Peau Beauté makeup, skin and body care, Benefique skincare and Anessa suncare lines.

"Bio-Performance" has more targeted products—predominantly, its eye cream is one of the most popular[citation needed] products in this line and focuses on preventing fine lines and dark circles around the eyes. The Bio-Performance Advanced Super Revitalizer and Advanced Super Restoring Cream are two of Shiseido's most popular[citation needed] anti-aging creams. The Bio-Performance line was introduced in 1987 following the synthesis of hyaluronic acid (sodium hyaluronate). Shiseido was the first to formulate and synthesize hyaluronic acid[citation needed] and owns the patent rights;[citation needed] therefore all cosmetic lines must use sodium hyaluronate rather than hyaluronic acid on their ingredient lists. Product containers are sleek and modern.[citation needed] Recent[vague] additions to the Bio-Performance line include a Refining Essence and Super Exfoliating Discs.

Shiseido at New Zealand retailer Farmers in 2013

"Benefiance" was introduced in 1996 and is formulated for mature and dry skin types. Most of their containers are glass and are beige. Recent[vague] additions to the Benefiance line include a reformulated antiwrinkle eye cream which also treats[vague] dark circles, and a retinol face mask.

"White Lucent" is used to lighten the appearance of skin discoloration due to sun exposure. This line replaced the UV White skincare line, which is one of the most popular[citation needed] skincare lines in Asia. Contrary to popular belief, the term whitening refers to a brightening[vague] of the skin tone, not a lightening of skin tone. This product line relies on Japanese botanicals[vague] and vitamin C esters to brighten the skin tone, reduce the appearance of sun damage, and promote skin clarity.[vague] Because the "White Lucent" line does not contain an actual bleaching agent, it is one of the few lines of skin brightening products that has not been affected by new US laws[vague] prohibiting the production and distribution of skin bleaching agents.[citation needed]

"The Skincare" is for all skin types, but targets women in their 20s to 50s, and is therefore more hydrating than Pureness. Uniquely,[citation needed] this line carries three eye creams, sold in containers which are pearly white and are made of plastic. The Skincare line was introduced in 1997 and replaced the Vital Perfection skincare line. It was recently[vague] updated and repackaged.

"Pureness" is Shiseido's oil control line introduced in 1995. Because it is aimed at a younger consumer (who typically has oilier skin), it is Shiseido's least expensive skincare line on average due primarily to the containers being simple plastic bottles and tubes of light blue. Pureness products contain plant-derived ingredients like palo azul, a skin conditioner Shiseido claims stimulates the skin's moisturizing capacities and rosemary extract, which has a well-known antimicrobial effect.

"Suncare" products include UVA/UVB sun protection lotions and creams for face, eyes, lips and body, self-tanners (without sun protection) for face and body, and 3 types of foundation makeup (with sun protection). Sun protection products range from SPF 16 to 60 and provide broad spectrum sun protection against UVB and UVA rays. Shiseido uses its own unique UVA rating system of PA ranging from "+" to "+++" as there is no established standard for labelling products that have UVA protection.[13][14] All Shiseido Suncare products with sun protection (and several foundations) have received The Skin Cancer Foundation's Seal of Recommendation.[15][16]

Shiseido also markets "Shiseido Men" skincare products including shaving cream, face wash which doubles as shaving foam, aftershave lotion, moisturizers, anti-wrinkle creams, eye products, and self tanners.

Make-up[edit]

In Japan, Shiseido sells Benefique pre-makeup and foundation products, Maquillage full-line makeup counselling-based[vague] products, and Integrate full-line makeup self-selection-based[vague] products.

In China, aside from Maquillage, Shiseido also sells Aupres, its major makeup brand there.

Elsewhere, Shiseido produces a line of cosmetics simply called "The Makeup" that provide a full range of products including lip products, powder eye shadows, eye liner pencils, mascara, fluid and compact foundations, concealers, and powder blush. Their hydro powder eye shadows which have a creamy texture are among Allure magazine's top beauty picks.[17]

Other brands and subsidiaries[edit]

In addition to producing products under the Shiseido brand, Shiseido also has several other subsidiaries and brands.

Shiseido also once owned ZIRH International, a New York City-based producer of men's skincare and fragrance products under the ZIRH and Corduroy brands. In September 2007, Shiseido sold ZIRH back to an investment group owned by Brian Robinson, the former president of ZIRH.

Charity auction for Japan tsunami victims[edit]

In 2011, due to the March tsunami, Shiseido donated £785,000 along with everyday essentials, while other Shiseido companies (including Decleor & Carita) have raised a further £350,000.

References[edit]

External links[edit]