House of Shishman

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House of Shishman
Шишмановци
Coat of Arms of the Emperor of Bulgaria (by Conrad Grünenberg).png
Country Principality of Vidin
Principality of Karvuna
Tsardom of Tarnovo
Principality of Valona
Tsardom of Vidin
Principality of Serres
Parent house House of Komnenos
House of Assen
Titles Knyaz, Tsar, Despot
Founded 1280
Founder Prince Shishman of Vidin
Final ruler Prince Rostislav of Tarnovo
Current head Extinct
Dissolution 1686
Ethnicity Bulgarian, partially Vlach
Family tree for the Shishman dynasty

Shishman (Bulgarian: Шишман), also Shishmanids or Shishmanovtsi (Bulgarian: Шишмановци), was a medieval Bulgarian royal dynasty of partial[1] Vlach origin.[2]

The Shishman dynasty consecutively ruled the Second Bulgarian Empire for approximately one century, from 1323 to 1422, when it was conquered by the Ottomans. The Shishmanids were related to the earlier Asen dynasty, and according to the Ragusan historian Lukarić, also to the immediately preceding Terter dynasty.[1] In Plamen Pavlov's view, the Shishman dynasty's founder, despot Shishman of Vidin, may have been the brother of George I, the first Bulgarian Terterid ruler, thus also coming to Bulgaria from the Kingdom of Hungary after 1241.[1]

Members[edit]

Among its more notable members were:

Main branch:

Sratsimir branch:

List of monarchs[edit]

Principality/Tsardom of Vidin[edit]

Portrait Name From Until Short description
Coat of Arms of the Emperor of Bulgaria (by Conrad Grünenberg).png Shishman 1280 1308 The founder of the dynasty.
Coat of Arms of the Emperor of Bulgaria (by Conrad Grünenberg).png Michael I 1308 1323 Son of prince Shishman, elected to tsar of Bulgaria and uses the name Michael III.
Coat of Arms of the Emperor of Bulgaria (by Conrad Grünenberg).png Belaur 1323 1337 Brother of prince Michael I.
Coat of Arms of the Emperor of Bulgaria (by Conrad Grünenberg).png Mishael II 1337 1356 Son of prince Michael I.
Ivan Sratsimir full 1.JPG Sratsimir 1356 1397 Third son of Ivan Alexander. Ruled in Vidin. Captured by the Ottomans in 1396 and imprisoned in Bursa where he was strangled.[4]
Coat of Arms of the Emperor of Bulgaria (by Conrad Grünenberg).png Constantine 1397 1418 Spent most of his life in exile. Most historians do not include him in the list of the Bulgarian monarchs.

Principality of Karvuna[edit]

Portrait Name From Until Short description
Coat of Arms of the Emperor of Bulgaria (by Conrad Grünenberg).png Sratsimir 1300 1330 Father of tsar Ivan Alexander of Bulgaria.
Coat of Arms of the Emperor of Bulgaria (by Conrad Grünenberg).png Keratsa 1330 1340 Wife of Sratsimir and mother of tsar Ivan Alexander of Bulgaria.

Tsardom of Tarnovo[edit]

Portrait Name From Until Short description
Coat of Arms of the Emperor of Bulgaria (by Conrad Grünenberg).png Michael III Shishman 1330 1308 Bolyar of Vidin. Mortally wounded in the battle of Velbazhd on 28 July 1330 against the Serbs.[5]
Coat of Arms of the Emperor of Bulgaria (by Conrad Grünenberg).png Ivan Stephen 1330 1331 Son of Michael III Shishman. Deposed in March 1331 and fled to Serbia.[6] Might have died in 1373.
Ioal backovo.jpg Ivan Alexander 1331 1371 Bolyar of Lovech. Descended of the Asen, Terter and Shishman dynasties. Second Golden Age of Bulgarian culture. Died of natural death on 17 February 1371, leaving Bulgaria divided among his sons.[5]
Ivan shishman preobravenski manastir.jpg Ivan Shishman 1371 1393 Fourth son of Ivan Alexander. Beheaded by the Ottomans on 3 June 1395.[7]

Principality of Valona[edit]

Portrait Name From Until Short description
Coat of Arms of the Emperor of Bulgaria (by Conrad Grünenberg).png Komnenos 1346 1363 Brother of tsar Ivan Alexander.
Coat of Arms of the Emperor of Bulgaria (by Conrad Grünenberg).png Alexander 1363 1368 Son of prince Komnenos.
Coat of Arms of the Emperor of Bulgaria (by Conrad Grünenberg).png Komnena 1368 1396 Daughter of prince Komnenos. Married with Balša II Balšić (1372–1385), Lord of Kanina and Valona, and eventually Duke of Albania.

Principality of Serres[edit]

Portrait Name From Until Short description
HelenaofBulgaria.jpg Helena 1355 1367 Daughter of Sratsimir of Kran and Keratsa Petritsa and the sister of Tsar Ivan Alexander of Bulgaria.

Notes[edit]

^ a: Only Ivan Alexander and Ivan Shishman claimed the title Emperor of all Bulgarians and Greeks.
^ a: The numbers designate which wife each child was born to.

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Павлов, Пламен (2005). "Метежници и претенденти за търновската царска корона през XIV в.". Бунтари и авантюристи в средновековна България (in Bulgarian). Варна: LiterNet. 
  2. ^ His wife Theodora of Wallachia and a lot of member who was Vlach.Other romanian historics belive that Ivan Shishman,the founder of dinasty, was vlach because in that time in Vidin was a big Vlach comunity.
  3. ^ Павлов, Пламен (2007-06-15). "Щрихи към портрета на Вселенския патриарх Йосиф ІІ" (in Bulgarian). Nobility BG. Retrieved 2008-08-25. 
  4. ^ Andreev, p. 298
  5. ^ a b Andreev, p. 263
  6. ^ Andreev, p. 267
  7. ^ Andreev, p. 286

Sources[edit]

References[edit]

  • Андреев (Andreev), Йордан (Jordan); Милчо Лалков (Milcho Lalkov) (1996). Българските ханове и царе (The Bulgarian Khans and Tsars) (in Bulgarian). Велико Търново (Veliko Tarnovo): Абагар (Abagar). ISBN 954-427-216-X. 
  • Ivanov, Yordan (1970). Bulgarian Antiquities from Macednia (in Bulgarian). Sofia: BAN. 

External links[edit]