Shishumar-class submarine

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Shishumar class submarine.JPG
A Shishumar class submarine underway
Class overview
Name: Shishumar class
Builders: Howaldtswerke-Deutsche Werft
Mazagon Dock Limited
Operators:  Indian Navy
In commission: 1986–
Planned: 6
Completed: 4
Cancelled: 2
Active: 4
General characteristics
Type: Submarine
Displacement: 1,450 t (1,427 long tons) surfaced
1,850 t (1,821 long tons) submerged
Length: 64.4 m (211 ft 3 in)
Beam: 6.5 m (21 ft 4 in)
Draught: 6 m (19 ft 8 in)
Propulsion: 4 × diesel-electric motors, 2,400 hp (1,790 kW) each
1 × Siemens motor, 4,600 hp (3,430 kW)
4 × 1.8 MW Siemens alternators
1 shaft
Speed: 11 knots (20 km/h; 13 mph) surfaced
22 knots (41 km/h; 25 mph) submerged
Range: 8,000 nmi (15,000 km) at 8 kn (15 km/h; 9.2 mph)
13,000 nmi (24,000 km) at 10 kn (19 km/h; 12 mph)
Test depth: 260 m (850 ft)
Complement: 40 (8 Officers)
Armament: • 14 × AEG-SUT Mod-1 wire-guided active/passive homing torpedoes
• 24 × external strap-on mines

The Shishumar class vessels are diesel-electric submarines, currently in active service with the Indian Navy.

These submarines are a lengthier and heavier Indian variant[1] of the Type 209 submarines developed by the German yard Howaldtswerke-Deutsche Werft (HDW) under the internal designation Type 1500.

The first two vessels were built by HDW at Kiel, while the remainder were built at Mazagon Dock Limited (MDL), Mumbai under a technology transfer agreement. The ships were commissioned between 1986 and 1994.

These submarines have a displacement of 1660 tons when surfaced, a speed of 22 knots (41 km/h), and a complement of 40 including eight officers.


India signed the agreement for these submarines with HDW in 1981. The initial agreement called for delivery of four submarines which were delivered to the Indian Navy between 1986 and 1994. A subsequent agreement for the construction of 2 more submarines to be constructed at MDL was cancelled after the Pokhran-II nuclear tests in 1998.

Ships of the class[edit]

Name Pennant Builder Homeport Commissioned Status
INS Shishumar S44 HDW Mumbai 22 September 1986 Refit Complete
INS Shankush S45 HDW Mumbai 20 November 1986 Under Refit at Mazgoan Docks
INS Shalki S46 MDL Mumbai 7 February 1992 Refit Complete
INS Shankul S47 MDL Mumbai 28 May 1994 Refit Complete

See also[edit]


  1. ^ The Indian Strategic Nuclear Submarine Project An Open Literature Analysis

External links[edit]