Shiva Sahasranama

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The Shiva sahasranama is a "list of a thousand names" of Shiva, one of the most important deities in Hinduism. In Hindu tradition a sahasranama is a type of devotional hymn (Sanskrit: stotra) listing many names of a deity. The names provide an exhaustive catalog of the attributes, functions, and major mythology associated with the figure being praised.

Versions[edit]

There are at least eight different versions of the Shiva sahasranama.[1] The version appearing in Book 13 (Anuśāsanaparvan) of the Mahabharata is considered the kernel of this tradition.[2] The eight versions analyzed by Ram Karan Sharma are:[3]

1. Mahabharata 13.17.30-150 (Anuśāsanaparvan Version). In the narrative, Krishna recites the 1,008 names of Shiva to Yudhisthira. Yudhisthira had asked Bhishma the names of Shiva but Bhishma admitted his ignorance and requested him to ask Krishna. The thousand names of Vishnu, or Vishnu sahasranama, also occurs in the same chapter. Some overlapping of names with the Vishnu sahasranama has led Adi Shankara to conclude that Shiva and Vishnu are both identical (Advaita).[citation needed]
2. Linga Purana (version 1, LP 1.65.54-168) is close to the Mahabharata Anushasanaparvan version.
3. Linga Purana (version 2, LP 1.98.27-159) has some passages in common with LP version 1, but also with other sources
4. Shivapurana 4.35.1-131.
5. Mahabharata (Śāntiparvan version). The critical edition of the Mahabharata does not include this version; it is considered part of book 12 (Śāntiparvan), but is relegated to Appendix 28 in the critical edition, representing a late addition to the text. The Gita Press edition restores it as part of the main text, as verses 12.284.68-180.
6. Vayu Purana (1.30.179-284) is almost the same as the Mahabharata Śāntiparvan version.
7. Brahmanda Purana (38.1.1-100) is almost the same as the Vayu Purana version.
8. Mahābhāgavata Upapurana (67.1-125) appears to be of comparatively recent origin.
Hari...The Sustainer, The Destroyer.
Anantadrishti...Of infinite vision.
Mahayogi...Greatest of all Gods.

Popular names of Lord Shiva[edit]

Total of 113 names have been written as follows, along with its meaning.

Name Meaning Name Meaning
Aashutosh One who fulfills wishes instantly Aja Unborn
Akshayaguna God with limitless attributes Anagha Without any fault
Anantadrishti Of infinite vision Augadh One who revels all the time
Avyayaprabhu Imperishable Lord Bhairav Lord of terror
Bhalanetra One who has an eye in the forehead Bholenath Kind hearted Lord
Bhooteshwara Lord of ghosts and spirits Bhudeva Lord of the earth
Bhutapala Protector of the ghosts Chandrapal Master of the moon
Chandraprakash One who has moon as a crest Dayalu Compassionate
Devadeva Lord of the Lords Dhanadeepa Lord of Wealth
Dhyanadeep Icon of meditation and concentration Dhyutidhara Lord of Brilliance
Digambara One who has the skies as his clothes Durjaneeya Difficult to be known
Durjaya Unvanquished Gangadhara Lord of River Ganga
Girijapati Consort of Girija Gunagrahin Acceptor of Gunas
Gurudeva Master of All Hara Remover of Sins
Hari The Sustainer, The Destroyer Jagadisha Master of the Universe
Jaradhishamana Redeemer from Afflictions Jatin One who has matted hair
Kailas One Who Bestows Peace Kailashadhipati Lord of Mount Kailash
Kochadaiyaan The Lord with Long, Matted Locks Of Hair Kailashnath Master of Mount Kailash
Kantha Ever-Radiant Kapalin One who wears a necklace of skulls
Khatvangin One who has the missile khatvangin in his hand Kundalin One who wears earrings
Lalataksha One who has an eye in the forehead Lingadhyaksha Lord of the Lingas
Lingaraja The Phallus King Lokankara Creator of the Three Worlds
Lokapal One who takes care of the world Mahabuddhi Extremely intelligent
Mahadeva Greatest God Mahakala Lord of All Times
Mahamaya Of great illusions Mahamrityunjaya Great victor of death
Mahanidhi Great storehouse Mahashaktimaya One who has boundless energies
Mahayogi Greatest of all Gods Mahesha Supreme Lord
Maheshwara Lord of Gods Nagabhushana One who has serpents as ornaments
Nataraja King of the art of dancing Nilakantha The one with a blue throat
Nityasundara Ever beautiful Nrityapriya Lover of Dance
Omkara Creator of OM Palanhaar One who protects everyone
Parameshwara First among all gods Paramjyoti Greatest splendor
Pashupati Lord of all living beings Pinakin One who has a bow in his hand
Pranava Originator of the syllable of OM Priyabhakta Favorite of the devotees
Priyadarshana Of loving vision Pushkara One who gives nourishment
Pushpalochana One who has eyes like flowers Ravilochana Having sun as the eye
Rudraksha The terrible Sadashiva One who has eyes like Rudra
Sanatana Eternal God Sarvacharya Charioteer Of Partha (Arjuna)
Sarvashiva Eternal Lord Sarvatapana Preceptor of All
Sarvayoni Always Pure Sarveshwara Scorcher of All
Sarvesh The Lord Of All Shankara Lord of All Gods
Shiva Abode of Joy Shoolin Giver of Joy
Shrikantha Always Pure Shrutiprakasha One who has a trident
Shuddhavigraha Of glorious neck Skandaguru Illuminator of the Vedas
Someshwara One who has a pure body Shantah Preceptor of Skanda
Shreshhtha Lord of the moon Sukhada Bestower of happiness
Suprita Well pleased Suragana Having Gods as attendants
Sureshwara Lord of all Gods Swayambhu Self-Manifested
Tejaswani One who spreads illumination Trilochana Three-Eyed Lord
Trilokpati Master of all the Three Worlds Tripurari Enemy of Tripura
Trishoolin One who has a trident in his hands Umapati Consort of Uma
Vachaspati Lord of Speech Vajrahasta One who has a thunderbolt in his hands
Varada Granter of Boons Vedakarta Originator of the Vedas
Veerabhadra Supreme Lord of the Nether World Vishalaksha Wide-eyed Lord
Vishveshwara Lord of the Universe Vrishavahana One who has bull as his vehicle
Vishwanath Master of the Universe Kamalakshana Lotus-eyed Lord
Shambhu Source of Everything shubhankar A person that is adopted by a team or other group as a symbolic figure

[4][5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sharma, pp. viii-ix.
  2. ^ English translation: Mahabharata 13.17 translated by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (published between 1883 and 1896). This is the source for the version presented in Chidbhavananda, who refers to it being from the Mahabharata but does not explicitly clairify which of the two Mahabharata versions he is using. See Chidbhavananda, p.5.
  3. ^ Sharma, pp. viii-xxviii.
  4. ^ Kumar, Vijaya (2006). The Thousand Names of Shiva. Sterling Publishers. 
  5. ^ Jagdish Lal Shastri, Arnold Kunst (1978). Ancient Indian tradition & mythology, Volume 3. Motilal Banarsidass. p. 1404-1406. 

External links[edit]